What is the purpose of terrorism and does it work?
xternalities can be simply defined as unintended consequence to an action, weather that be positive or negative. In the energy market, externalities are almost always negative as the process to obtain energy for commercial use can exploit workers, generate toxic waste, and be unevenly distributed. Unfortunately, energy producers most often do not take the social cost of externalities into account when they are calculating their rates which can leave problems unresolved. I believe this process should change. I believe that taxes should be imposed to account for the externalities but only after so much energy is consumed on the customer’s end. To clarify, I see energy as a commodity but also as a right that everyone should have access to. This particular strategy is not used in the current energy market but a similar policy was tested in Cape Town, South Africa when water was becoming more and more scarce for the city. A “day zero” had been issued which indicated direct consequences to the overuse of water. The citizens were told they that water usage was limited or you will face penalties, even a tariff on water usage was introduced. (Reference 1) Collectively, the city has been cutting water consumption drastically and pushed their day zero back to 2019 for now. If my proposal was introduced in the energy market, homes and business would be allotted a certain amount of energy at a certain rate, X $/kwh and after that cap is reached, they are required to pay additional fees per kwh past their cap, which would be used to work toward the public good. This strategy, in theory, may encourage people to use less energy which in turn would put less strain on the energy production market and save on greenhouse gases.>GET ANSWER