- Describe the stone angel. What connotations or feeling can be associated with it?
- What is Hagar’s present position in the household?
- What remembrance does she have of her father?
- On page 28, Hagar says, “I can manage quite well.” What does this reveal about her?
- What are Marvin and Doris planning? What is Hagar’s reaction?
- What is revealed about Hagar’s character by her refusal to put the shawl on for Dan?
Hagar refuses to put the shawl on because it was her mother’s shawl. Hagar sees her mother as being weak due to the fact that she had died during childbirth. Hagar wants nothing that would suggest that she was weak in any way. By wearing the shawl, Hagar would feel as though she was like her mother, or at least seen as being like her mother. After all, this is the point of her wearing the shawl. In addition, Hagar does not understand why her brother is not fighting death. Hagar feels her brother is weak as well. She does not understand how her other brother is willing to condone the weakness and support it. Hagar cannot be part of this. In some ways it is not certain that Hagar even realizes these aspects about herself. Hagar indicates this for us as well, through her confusion around her inability to accommodate the request.
- What do we learn of Bram Shipley? What sort of husband is he? What sort of wife is she?
- What opportunity to show affection does Hagar miss on p. 87?
- Discuss Hagar’s relationship with: a) Marvin b) John c) Bram
- What symbolic significance is there in the appearance of the house at the shore?
- In what condition do they find the stone angel? What is the significance of this?
- Why is Hagar critical of the little girl at the beach? How does this relate to her own life? Why does she say she may have underestimated them?
- With whom does Hagar confuse Murray Lees at the end of the chapter? What does he say that makes her content?
- At the very end, Hagar says she can recall only two “truly free” acts she has done in her ninety years, both of them recent one was a joke and one was a lie. Explain each act and its significance.
This work is going to centre on the Panhellenic sanctuaries of Olympia and Delphi and what made them distinctive, but also the reasons why these distinctions occurred. To achieve this I am going to focus the discussion on the origins of the sanctuaries in comparison to others that did not have Panhellenic status and also the types of activity that were established at these sanctuaries that were able to appeal to such a vast selection of people. According to tradition the Olympic games were first held in 776 BC, but cult activity at Olympia had its origins some time before this as evidenced by the presence of terracotta and bronze votive figurines, which suggest a date of at least the late 10th century BC (Morgan 1990: 57). During this period however the sanctuary was by no means Panhellenic and was mainly used by ‘local’ groups. The site of the sanctuary of Zeus Olympios at Olympia was located in a fertile plain on the banks of the River Alpheios in the northwest Peloponnese, and was not controlled by any one state, which, as we shall see, was a key requirement for it becoming Panhellenic. Metal evidence of bronze and occasionally iron tripods points to settlements from the regions of Messenia and Arkadia as the main groups participating in the sanctuary in this earlier period and the reasons for this may have been to do with the remoteness of the site. It may have been, as Morgan suggests, a neutral meeting place at which inter-regional relations were developed (Morgan 1990: 30, 85, Hall 2007: 272). It can be seen therefore that even during its earlier history, Olympia took on a role that fostered relations between different groups, in this case of the western Peloponnese rather than the larger Greek world. In the 8th century the number of communities using the sanctuary hugely increased as shown by a massive rise in the number of tripods being dedicated there. Tripods were seen as high status items and were an indictor of wealth, and were among the prizes given by Achilles at the funeral games of Patroclus in the Iliad: ‘For swift charioteers first he set forth goodly prizes, a woman to lead away, one skilled in goodly handiwork, and an eared tripod of two and twenty measuresfor him that should be first.'(Homer Iliad 23.264-265) It can be seen from this that in around 700BC, the approximate date of the composition of the Iliad, tripods were given as prizes, but as Osborne notes, it is difficult to determine whether this association existed earlier in the 8th century. Despite this he suggests that the rise in tripod ded>GET ANSWER