You have examined a significant number of theories that address deviancy and crime. For the final assignment, you will have the opportunity to select a theory that best explains why a crime does or does not occur. Once the theory is identified and your research on the selected theory is complete, you will share your knowledge either via a PowerPoint presentation (Option A)

Option A
Create a PowerPoint presentation with notes that (1) identifies the theory, (2) showcases research to support that the theory is effective, and (3) briefly discusses criticisms of the theory. As a reminder, there is no one theory to explain all crimes; hence, all theories will have criticisms. To prepare for the PowerPoint presentation, follow the instructions below.

Select one criminological theory learned in this course. The theory must be one that was created or developed later than 1960 (e.g., the social bond theory, which Travis Hirschi developed in 1969).
Locate at least two scholarly/peer-reviewed articles that support the theory and two scholarly/peer-reviewed articles that are critical of the theory.
Utilize at least five sources to support your presentation, one of which can be your textbook.
Your presentation should include the slides shown below.

Title: This slide should be in APA format.
Introduction: This section should identify the selected theory and why it was selected.
Summary of Theory: This section should provide a background of the theory, including its origins, and identify how the theory explains why crime does or does not occur.
Content Analysis: This section should discuss the research identified to support what this theory does.
Criticism: This section should identify and explain at least two criticisms of the theory.
Summary: This section should be a summary of the information discussed.
References: This slide should be in APA format.
As a reminder, PowerPoint presentations should have limited text on the slides. Instead, the notes feature in PowerPoint must be used to include any relevant information about the subject. In addition, the font must be appropriate, and the background should not distract from the content. Finally, any graphics added should be relevant to the content presented and be cited and referenced in APA format. The completed presentation must have notes for all slides. Additionally, the presentation should be at least 10 slides in length, not counting the title and reference slides. At least five sources should be used. One source may be your textbook, and the remaining sources should be pulled from the CSU Online Library or through an appropriate website. All sources must be scholarly, peer-reviewed, and no more than 5 years old.

Sample solution

Dante Alighieri played a critical role in the literature world through his poem Divine Comedy that was written in the 14th century. The poem contains Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso. The Inferno is a description of the nine circles of torment that are found on the earth. It depicts the realms of the people that have gone against the spiritual values and who, instead, have chosen bestial appetite, violence, or fraud and malice. The nine circles of hell are limbo, lust, gluttony, greed and wrath. Others are heresy, violence, fraud, and treachery. The purpose of this paper is to examine the Dante’s Inferno in the perspective of its portrayal of God’s image and the justification of hell. 

In this epic poem, God is portrayed as a super being guilty of multiple weaknesses including being egotistic, unjust, and hypocritical. Dante, in this poem, depicts God as being more human than divine by challenging God’s omnipotence. Additionally, the manner in which Dante describes Hell is in full contradiction to the morals of God as written in the Bible. When god arranges Hell to flatter Himself, He commits egotism, a sin that is common among human beings (Cheney, 2016). The weakness is depicted in Limbo and on the Gate of Hell where, for instance, God sends those who do not worship Him to Hell. This implies that failure to worship Him is a sin.

God is also depicted as lacking justice in His actions thus removing the godly image. The injustice is portrayed by the manner in which the sodomites and opportunists are treated. The opportunists are subjected to banner chasing in their lives after death followed by being stung by insects and maggots. They are known to having done neither good nor bad during their lifetimes and, therefore, justice could have demanded that they be granted a neutral punishment having lived a neutral life. The sodomites are also punished unfairly by God when Brunetto Lattini is condemned to hell despite being a good leader (Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). While he commited sodomy, God chooses to ignore all the other good deeds that Brunetto did.

Finally, God is also portrayed as being hypocritical in His actions, a sin that further diminishes His godliness and makes Him more human. A case in point is when God condemns the sin of egotism and goes ahead to commit it repeatedly. Proverbs 29:23 states that “arrogance will bring your downfall, but if you are humble, you will be respected.” When Slattery condemns Dante’s human state as being weak, doubtful, and limited, he is proving God’s hypocrisy because He is also human (Verdicchio, 2015). The actions of God in Hell as portrayed by Dante are inconsistent with the Biblical literature. Both Dante and God are prone to making mistakes, something common among human beings thus making God more human.

To wrap it up, Dante portrays God is more human since He commits the same sins that humans commit: egotism, hypocrisy, and injustice. Hell is justified as being a destination for victims of the mistakes committed by God. The Hell is presented as being a totally different place as compared to what is written about it in the Bible. As a result, reading through the text gives an image of God who is prone to the very mistakes common to humans thus ripping Him off His lofty status of divine and, instead, making Him a mere human. Whether or not Dante did it intentionally is subject to debate but one thing is clear in the poem: the misconstrued notion of God is revealed to future generations.



Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). Dante’s inferno: Seven deadly sins in scientific publishing and how to avoid them. Addiction Science: A Guide for the Perplexed, 267.

Cheney, L. D. G. (2016). Illustrations for Dante’s Inferno: A Comparative Study of Sandro Botticelli, Giovanni Stradano, and Federico Zuccaro. Cultural and Religious Studies4(8), 487.

Verdicchio, M. (2015). Irony and Desire in Dante’s” Inferno” 27. Italica, 285-297.