Theorists, capitalist industrialization, contemporary social problems

Marx/Engels (M/E) and Durkheim (D) recognized that the transition from agricultural societies to modern, capitalist, industrialized societies created many significant social problems. These theorists, however, draw very different conclusions about the stability of industrial society and the future of capitalism. In this essay, discuss how each set of theorists understands the dangers to society posed by modern, capitalist industrialization. How does each set of theorists hope we will remedy these dangers? (What is their implicit moral vision of a “good” society?) Whose perspective do you find most relevant to understanding contemporary social problems? Why?

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