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ass, and the Working Class. Throughout this journal article, author Sidney Hook discusses the complex and unkempt relationship between Marxism and The The Enlightenment. In the article Hook analyzes the beliefs associated with The Enlightenment, faith in reason or science and the belief in the natural rights of man, and the reasoning behind the Marxist movements during that century, to regard socialism as a means of furthering democracy and to regard democracy simply as a means of furthering socialism. Unlike various other writers who boasted about their immense understanding of the theory of Marxism, Sidney Hook was the only experienced philosopher who was educated on the subject and was able to bring a detailed comprehension of Marx’s theory. This allowed him to provide readers with genuine sources in order to solve disputes and claims that became so visible during his life. By having the information given in this journal I will be able to distinguish the similarities between Marxist and Enlightenment thinkers and will have greater insights as to how the theory of Marxism affected the strict class structure during this time period. Katz, Elihu, et al. “Status Mobility and Reactions to Deviance and Subsequent Conformity.” Sociometry, vol. 27, no. 3, 1964, pp. 245–260. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/2785617 During The Enlightenment, social mobility was questioned due to the newfound concept of reason in society. Throughout this journal article, authors Elihu Katz, William L. Libby, Jr. and Fred L. Strodtbeck conduct multiple experiments to further discuss the effects conformity has on status mobility. In their summary and discussion, the authors concluded that an increase in conformity most commonly results in an improved status and mobility. Elihu Katz is American and Israeli sociologist who graduated from Columbia University where he worked alongside his mentor to write a book, now commonly referred to as an important aspect in the two-step flow model of communication. Due to his many qualifications, Katz acts as an exceptionally reliable source for my topic. This article connects to The Enlightenment and Marxism journal by Sidney Hook, because they both discuss the complexity of class structure and social mobility. Throughout the novel of Candide, the views of social mobility are shown through the various changes of fortune throughout all of the main characters. Although each main character began high up in the social hierarchy at the beginning of the story, the social status of the characters shifts dramatically as the story progresses. Through these events, it is revealed that the social mobility of this time was extremely malleable and did not revolve around the wealth or status of a person. Patel, Amrish, and Edward Cartwright. “Naïve Beliefs and the Multiplicity of Social Norms.” Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics (JITE) / Zeitschrift Für Die Gesamte Staatswissenschaft, vol. 168, no. 2, 2012, pp. 280–289., www.jstor.org/stable/41653659 Naïvety is best defined by a person with an extreme lack of judgment or experience in everyday situations. Throughout this journal, authors Amrish Patel and Edward Cartwright discuss how the beliefs of naïve and rational people affect not only their decisions and actions they chose but how they evolve as a person. Patel and Cartwright analyze how naïve viewers chose to believe in anything they are told without inquiring whether or not the statement was credible, and decide to view things only at their superficial appearance. Rational viewers, on the other hand, choose to view situations with a more realistic approach and make decisions based on reason rather than letting their emotions overcome them. Amrish Patel works in the Department of Economics at the University of Gothenburg working in both the behavioral economics and game theory fields, while Edward Cartwright works as Professor of Economics at De Montfort University. As a result of these various achievements and qualifications, these authors are very credible for this topic. The protagonist, Candide, is an extremely naïve character who is exceedingly vulnerable to the domination of the other strong-minded characters. Similar to Patel and Cartwright’s statements, naïve people allow others to influence their decisions due to their >GET ANSWER