Choose 8 of the 10 terms below. Define the term in our own words and then identify an example from the book, lectures, readings, or films that can be used as an example of that term. Answers should be between 100-300 words in length. (5 points per question: 2 points for the definition, 3 points for the response)
Part 2: Short Answers (40 pts)
Instructions: Read each question carefully and write a short response that answers each part of the question. Answers should be between 100 and 300 words in length. (10 points each)
Match each of the four actions below to the form of reciprocity or exchange it best demonstrates. Explain how you know.
Leaving a restaurant without paying the bill
Paying your bill at a restaurant with money you earned from your job at the grocery store
Buying your friend’s meal at a restaurant because they bought yours the last time you ate together
A parent buying their child dinner at a restaurant
Forms of reciprocity
Recall the short film about the longevity of designs intended to communicate danger through symbols (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lOEqzt36JEM&t=1s). What is the major problem engineers, designers, and philosophers are trying to resolve? What does this tell us about the relationship between symbols and culture?
Describe two reasons why an anthropologist studying race in America might want to incorporate the concept of intersectionality into their research?
Use the concept of gender roles to explain the logical problems with the ‘man the hunter, woman the gatherer’ hypothesis.
duction costs. This played a role in the further hindrance of Venezuela’s domestic production (Profolus 2018). Under Maduro’s regulation, the money supply and minimum wage were increased, in attempt to manage consumer spending capabilities, as already discussed. The monetary explanation – is partially applicable when trying to understand the causes of Venezuela’s hyperinflation and it states that the idea of excess money supply with the same amount of goods leads to the decrease in value of a currency. The current state of Venezuela, demonstrates the profligacy exhibited that lead to fiscal dominance of monetary policy. In attempt to diminish the gap between spending and revenue, a government may decide to fund expenditures via tax revenues – bonds that are to be paid back through future tax revenues or through central bank seigniorage – could be implemented. Seigniorage reliance from the government is likely to govern a lack of incline to continue using a currency which is losing value. Part of the seigniorage serves a purpose as an inflation tax. The rate of inflation acts as a tax rate therefore an increasing rate of inflation would result in higher levels of revenue for the government. This however, is dependent on the public’s willingness to maintain real money balances as an increase in inflation means a decrease in money balances available for public holding – potentially limiting the revenue generated by the government. In essence, hyperinflation can potentially be perceived as a large scale taxation scheme. During periods of inflation, the real purchasing power of tax revenues decline. Constant expenditures lead to a larger budget deficit as a result of the reductions in the real value of revenues. This tendency of inflation to increase the real budget deficit is referred to as the Tanzi effect. During hyperinflation, however, the Tanzi effect reduces the real value of tax revenues. It’s deemed that so long as individuals remain confident in fiscal authorities and their ability to respond to inflation – via the means of increasing taxes or decreasing expenditures – they will hold money as a means of exchange and store of value. However, upon the emergence of the Tanzi effect, people’s confidence in the government’s ability to manage the deficit is disrupted, prompting them to reduce their holdings of real money balances (Niskanen Center 2018). It’s apparent that the Venezuelan government spending is significantly exceeding that which it is taking in and therefore putting them in a budget deficit. The government ceased releasing statistics with regards to the magnitude of the country’s budget deficit a few years ago. Nevertheless, reducing it is deemed a prime>GET ANSWER