First, read the case regarding the Michael Brown shooting in Ferguson, MO.
Next, in your written assignment, you are to take a position on this case, not based on emotion, but based on the facts and the two applicable pieces of case law we covered this week; Graham v. Connor, 490 U.S. 386, 109 S. Ct. (1989) and Tennessee v. Garner 471 U.S. 1 (1985).
It is imperative your submission justify your stance through the reference of these two case law decisions and how those decisions are applied in use of force decisions by police officers.
Finally, in your summary, you are to give your personal view on whether or not these two case law decisions were applied properly in this case and why.
This report is expected [NH3]to let perusers realize that pipelines are not [NH4]simply put into the ground and overlooked. It will quickly portray a portion of the strategies and practices that are set up today to guarantee that pipelines are working securely. The media's impact regularly drives a negative discernment about pipelines and this report will give an additional actualities based way to deal with teach the peruser as they reach their own inference on pipeline security. Foundation The most secure and best approach to remove[NH5] our common oil [NH6]resources is by method for pipelines. Pipelines in Alberta have been around since the mid 1900's(CEPA, 2016a). In the course of recent years there has been a ton of contention over pipelines. A major factor driving this contention is the media's techniques in giving data to individuals who are frequently not accomplished on pipelines or their wellbeing frameworks. Actually news sources will frequently utilize emotionalism to connect with their crowd. News tales about oil based commodities getting securely to market or updates on organizations rehearsing their crisis reaction plan drills are not energizing! In any case, an uncommon impression [NH7]at an organization spilling item by method for an oil slick, matched with pictures of covered feathered creatures that is the thing that the media needs to appear. That dread driven the truth is the thing that our general public accepts to be normal. Research for this task included searching for actualities on non-one-sided sites. Preceding going to school, I worked in the oil and gas industry teaching occupants in rustic territories about pipelines, the frameworks set up to ensure the general population and what to do in the improbable occasion of an occurrence. Most of my insight about pipeline security originates from AER Directive 71: Emergency Preparedness and Response Requirements for the Petroleum Industry Control Centers [NH9] Huge midstream pipeline organizations work their very own control focuses (CEPA,2016b). These control focuses are operational day in and day out, 365 days a year (CEPA, 2016b). Control rooms are prepared frameworks that gather data from the pipeline and related offices along the pipeline course. A portion of the information that is checked is temperature, stream rate and weight from sensors along the course (CEPA, 2016b). On the off chance that a hole is distinguished, alerts are activated to show a conceivable issue. Square Valves A square valve is characterized as a mechanical valve gadget introduced in a pipeline that can be shut to hinder the progression of oil or gas through the line (Pipeline Association for Public Awareness, 2013). These valves are put at different lengths along the pipeline course. In the event that there was a hole along an area of pipeline, the square valves at either end of the hole would be shut. This would guarantee just the item between those two square valve focuses discharging from the pipeline. Pipelines that cross streams or brooks are outfitted with square valves at the two sides of the intersection that can close rapidly to stop item stream (CEPA, 2016c). These square valves might be furnished with a crisis shut down (ESD) gadget that can close consequently with a lessening in weight. The end of a square valve by ESD would send a caution back to the control focus. Cathodic Protection At the point when a pipeline is manufactured, laid into the ground, and concealed with soil, erosion can occur over some undefined time frame. Prior to covering the pipeline, a defensive covering is connected to the pipeline. As a back up to the defensive covering, another type of assurance is used called cathodic insurance (Pipeline Association for Public Awareness, 2013). Through recreating an electrolytic activity, extra erosion counteractive action can be accomplished by means of electrochemical procedures (Pipeline Association for Public Awareness, 2013). This shielding guarantees the pipeline does not release underground. [NH10] Crisis Response Plans While control focuses, valves and defensive coatings are exceedingly essential to the pipeline's security frameworks, episodes occur and it's crucial to have an arrangement to address issues before they happen. The Alberta Energy Regulators (AER) Directive 071: Emergency Preparedness and Response Requirements for the Petroleum Industry Section 2.1 manages that "The licensee must have a corporate level ERP with preplanned methods that will help in viable reaction to a crisis." (2017, p. 12). Elevated Surveillance[NH11] A snappy method to lead a visual of a pipeline option to proceed is by utilization of flying machine. Extraordinary separations can be canvassed in a short measure of time. Contingent upon the item in the pipeline and order of pipeline, that will portray how frequently flying observation should occur[NH12]. While directing this watch, the pilot or spotter is searching for any noticeable indications of a conceivable release, for example, a sheen on the water or dead vegetation[NH13]. Spotters likewise search for infringements to the pipeline [NH14]or any action close or on the pipeline option to proceed. Preparing Exercises Organizations working pipelines in Alberta must[NH15] lead yearly preparing activities (Alberta Energy Regulator, 2017). Oil organizations must test its crisis reaction designs every year with a tabletop or correspondences work out (Alberta Energy Regulator, 2017). Like clockwork a noteworthy exercise must be directed. In this activity, assets are normally sent to the field in a false occurrence (Alberta Energy Regulator, 2017). [NH16] Spill Response Cooperative In western Canada, a spill reaction agreeable was built up. The name of this helpful is Western Canadian Spill Services. The agreeable possesses gear that can be conveyed to a spill. The hardware is deliberately set all through western Canada in prepared to go trailers. A portion of the hardware in the trailers incorporates blasts, skimmers, and untamed life hindrances (Western Canadian Spill Services, 2017). Notwithstanding this gear the helpful additionally claims canal boats and airboats (Western Canadian Spill Services, 2017). The spill agreeable holds preparing practices with its individuals to guarantee a snappy reaction to the spill and to stop further natural effects because of a spill. Despite the fact that it isn't obligatory for organizations to join the spill agreeable, the AER exceedingly prescribes it (Western Canadian Spill Services, 2017). On the off chance that an organization needs to quit the helpful, under AER Directive 071, Section 10.3.1., they should give their own spill reaction plan to the AER for their endorsement (Alberta Energy Regulator, 2017). End From my years working in the oil and gas industry, and from my exploration for this venture, I feel pipelines are as yet the most secure approach to move oil based goods. There are roughly 3.4 million barrels [NH17]of oil traveled through pipelines every day in Canada (CEPA,2016d). Between the long stretches of 2002 and 2015, 99.999% of all item (rough and gaseous petrol) was securely shipped through pipelines (CEPA,2016d). With the security conventions that were quickly talked about in this report, the oil and gas industry strives to guarantee that there are no pipeline spills. These practices, combined with the guidelines, guarantee pipeline spills are an uncommon event. [NH19]Canadian Energy Pipeline Association (CEPA). (2016d). About pipelines. Retried from https://www.aboutpipelines.com/en/pipeline-101/pipeline-realities/ Canadian Energy Pipeline Association (CEPA). (2016c). Natural insurance. Recovered from https://www.aboutpipelines.com/en/natural insurance/water/ Canadian Energy Pipeline Association (CEPA). (2016b). Pipeline control rooms and wellbeing. Recovered from https://www.aboutpipelines.com/en/blog/pipeline-control-rooms-and-wellbeing/ Canadian Energy Pipeline Association (CEPA). (2016a). Pipeline history. Recovered from https://www.aboutpipelines.com/en/pipeline-101/pipeline-history/ Administration of Alberta[NH20]. (2015). Pipeline Act; Pipeline Rules. Ruler's Printer. Pipeline Association for Public Awareness. (2013). Glossary of terms. Recovered from http://www.pipelineawareness.org/inhabitants organizations/glossary/ Western Canadian Spill Services. (2017). The WCSS Purpose. Recovered from http://wcss.ab.ca/index.asp [NH1]I changed your textual style to Calibri in light of the fact that I have an individual contempt for Times New Roman â€¦ LOLâ€¦ you can transform it back on the off chance that you need. [NH2]Main headings are focused and striking. [NH3]Too uninvolved, so I transformed it [NH4]Never utilize the word 'just'. Ever. [NH5]Move or expel? MOVE [NH6]Added 'oil' since everything I could consider was goliath ass trees being bolstered into a pipeline for vehicle. [NH7]I mistreated your wordingâ€¦ trust that is alright! I utilized track changes, so simply decay anything you don't care for, or in the event that I confounded it. You're really great SWEETIE [NH8]Can that part be erased? Yes [NH9]Secondary headings are left-change, and striking. [NH10]Yiiiiiikes, what was all that? The remainder of your paper isn't exactly this scientificâ€¦ so it sort of sticks out in contrast to everything else, I tried outlining what those erased sentences were stating. Yet, that is an excessive amount of detail for your paper, I think!! [NH11]You have no references for this sectionâ€¦ PIPELINE ACT [NH12]Pretty explicit to leave without a reference. [NH13]These points of interest need a reference. THIS WAS MY KNOWLEDGE [NH14]Again, reference required. THIS WAS MY KNOWLEDGE [NH15]This sentence shows a commitment, along these lines needs a reference. Is it AER Dir 071? Truly D71 14.10 [NH16]I believe you're inferring that the preparation activities are a necessity of the Dir. 071 so I refered to that. [NH17]Facts need reference. Continuously! https://www.aboutpipelines.com/en/pipeline-101/pipeline-certainties/ [NH18]This dependably goes onto its own page. [NH19]Make sure none of your hyperlinks are dynamic when you present your page. That is a no-no. [NH20]This doesn't appear in your paper anyplace? THE AERIAL SURVEILLANCE>GET ANSWER