You are a part of a school based IEP (individual education plan) meeting for Jacob who is a 12 year old male. His mother and father are in attendance, along with the school psychologist and his Math and English teachers. Both teachers indicate that Jacob appears to be struggling when they introduce new concepts. He becomes anxious and does not ask for help. Jacob’s father states he encourages Jacob to work on his homework on his own, but his mother says he (Jacob) becomes anxious, frustrated and cannot do the work. Jacob’s mother says that when his older sister Elena “steps in” and explains the work to him, giving him examples he seems to do much better.
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Select 1 theory from those covered thus far in class and write a 2-3 page paper that addresses the following areas in the vignette:
The theory’s explanation for the behavior/emotions exhibited
How the theory can be applied to change/modify the behavior producing more adaptive/positive result
he first attempt to provide a comprehensive set of guidelines was at the Bern Conference of Parties in 1976. The listing criteria established standards that had to be taken into account for species in Appendices I and II. It was an attempt to use biological evidence when making decisions, however, the importance of this data depended largely on its availability. This was a positive move away from the equivocal language of the Convention, yet, it was vague and allowed for political views to influence decisions. Additionally, it made it almost impossible for species in Appendix I to be downgraded to Appendix II, which undermined the prominence of Appendix I. The Bern Criteria were ultimately more concerned with protecting wildlife, rather than fulfilling the aim of the Convention, which is to regulate trade. The Bern guidelines did not triumph in providing reliable standards to follow. They simply pointed out issues to consider during the decision-making process, allowing for broad interpretation by the Parties. At the Kyoto CoP, it was established that the lack of sound guidelines destabilized CITES. It was evident that a more scientific approach was required. This would move towards limiting political decisions and therefore result in correct decisions being taken, as well as enhance the presence of the Rule of Law. c. The Fort Lauderdale CoP: At the Ninth CoP, changes were made to the Bern guidelines. Firstly, and arguably most importantly, scientific quantitative guidelines were introduced through the creation of the Fort Lauderdale Criteria. Secondly, there was a shift in values to consider when determining the listing of species from being a trade status to a biological status. Additionally, the CoP endorsed down-listing species that no longer require the stringent regulations of the appendix they were in, as well as permitted split-listing, meaning that two different populations of the same species could be in different appendices. i. Fort Lauderdale Criteria Explained: The guidelines, revised at the 13th CoP in 2004, add four broad biological criteria for assessing whether a species should be included in Appendix I. They state that one must have regard to the size and fluctuations of the population size, fluctuations in the area of distribution and quality of the habitat of the species. For App>GET ANSWER