a. What is hyperinflation? Why do governments sometimes allow it to occur?
b. In April 2009, the African nation of Zimbabwe suspended the use of its own
currency, the Zimbabwean dollar. According to a news article at that time:
Hyperinflation in 2007 and 2008 made Zimbabwe’s currency virtually worthless
despite the introduction of bigger and bigger notes, including a 10 trillion dollar
bill. (Voice of America News, 2009)vi
i. In the same article, Zimbabwe’s Economic Planning Minister, Elton Mangoma,
was quoted as saying the Zimbabwean dollar ‘will be out for at least a year’,
and in January 2009, the government of Zimbabwe made the US dollar the
country’s official currency. Why would hyperinflation make a currency ‘virtually
worthless’? How might using the US dollar as its currency help to stabilise
ii. An article on Zimbabwe describes conditions in summer 2008 as follows:
Official inflation soared to 2.2 million percent in Zimbabwe—by far the highest
in the world… [and] unemployment has reached 80 percent. (The New York
Is there a connection between the very high inflation rate and the very high rate
of unemployment? Briefly explain.
c. During the German hyperinflation of the 1920s, many households and firms in
Germany were hurt economically. Do you think any groups in Germany
benefited from the hyperinflation? Briefly explain.
National Youth Screening and Assessment Project, may also be available to support implementation. c. DJS should consider amending its practice of screening all youth who appear at the BCJJC for detention admission using the Detention Risk Assessment Instrument, even youth who will ultimately be diverted prior to DJS referral through the BPD Diversion Program. This will limit young people’s exposure to the detrimental impact and collateral consequences associated with generating unnecessary DJS and court records. d. BPD should develop a training and messaging strategy to increase officer knowledge and understanding of new policies and protocols for interacting with youth, the purpose of the juvenile court system, details of juvenile justice process, and the purpose of secure detention. Clear and consistent messaging for officers will help to mitigate the obdurate frustration that officers reportedly experience when they perceive that young people are not being held accountable by the system. e. Conduct a case processing analysis of adult-charged youth in detention to identify why time spent in detention for these youth has doubled from 2014 to 2018 and develop policies and programs to address the causes of delays. 2. Programs and Conditions a. The City should partner closely with DJS and the Baltimore JDAI Oversight Board to assess the continuum of Secure Detention Alternative established by DJS and the extent to which it meets existing needs. b. The City and its appropriate offices and agencies should partner with DJS to identify additional programs for youth in detention, in particular youth charged as adults, that can help young people build skills and connections that will help them succeed following release and return to their communities. c. To the extent that there are gaps in the existing Secure Detention Alternatives Continuum, the City and DJS should partner closely to identify resources to enhance the Alternative Continuum. As a resource, stakeholders should consult the results of the Youth Service Provider Survey conducted as part of this assessment. 3. Community Engagement and Partnerships>GET ANSWER