Each student will write a 5 to 8-page research and reflection paper about the issue you have identified.
The research and reflection paper should address the undermentioned details:
Describe your topic and why you opted to examine this particular issue (white-collar crime, clergy related crime, violent crimes, drug-related concerns, political abuse, etc.)
Describe what the commonsense understanding of the issue is/are, including the stereotypes, biases, and shared beliefs.
Conduct a literature review —- identify three to five academic journal articles, published between 2005 and 2016, which give you research information about your particular issue/topic. Summarize the authors’ arguments and findings. Make sure you describe the problem examined, who the research subjects were, and what the results were.
- Now that you know what research says about the issue, you will conduct
three to five interviews with people (one family member, one friend, and one/two stranger/s)
Note: make sure you interview both males and females, different racial and ethnic groups, different ages, etc. regarding their understanding of the issue. Make sure you mix-it-up. Create about five to six questions that will give you a sense of their perspectives …you will use the same questions when
interviewing all people.
- Summarize your findings and write it up … make sure you relate it to the research findings and
victimization theory. Make sure you describe how your results relate to the ideas (theories) we have covered in class.
- Finish your paper by pulling everything together in the form of a conclusion. Make sure it addresses
the issue, what research says about it, what your interviews say about the problem and this research has affected your understanding of the problem. In this section, please describe what we can/should address or solve the issue. Please indulge what you have learned from the course material and
documentaries (if any) you heard or read for this class.
- Make sure you provide a reference page … your citations and paper should follow the APA format.
- Make sure you have an appendix section. Here you will add the interview questions and the responses you gathered during your interviews.
- The cover page, reference page, and appendix do not count towards the 5 to 8 pages. These are additional to the 5 to 8-page requirement.
- Please be prepared, periodically, to discuss your progress on your research paper in weekly discussions.
with his family and graduates from Northwestern Business College in 1963, and acknowledges an administration student position with Nunn-Bush Shoe Company. In 1964, Gacy is moved to Springfield and meets his future spouse, Marlynn Myers. In Springfield, Gacy has his subsequent gay experience when a colleague unsteadily performed oral sex on him (London 11:7). Gacy moves to Waterloo, Iowa, and starts a family with Myers. Nonetheless, after consistently undermining his better half with whores, Gacy submits his previously known rape in 1967 upon Donald Vorhees. In the coming months, Gacy explicitly manhandles a few different young people and is captured and accused of oral homosexuality (Sullivan and Maiken 60). On December 3, 1968, Gacy is indicted and condemned to ten years at the Anamosa State Penitentiary. Gacy turns into a model prisoner at Anamosa and is conceded parole in June of 1970, an only a brief time after his condemning. He had to migrate to Chicago and live with his mom and watch a 10:00PM time limitation. Not exactly a year later, Gacy is accused again of explicitly attacking a high school kid however the adolescent didn't show up in court, so the charges were dropped. Gacy was known by numerous individuals in his locale to be a devoted volunteer and being dynamic in network legislative issues. His function as "Pogo the Clown" the jokester started in 1975 when Gacy joined a nearby "Happy Joker" comedian club that consistently performed at raising money functions. On January 3, 1972, Gacy submits his first homicide of Timothy McCoy, a 16-year old kid going from Michigan to Omaha. Guaranteeing that McCoy went into his room employing a kitchen blade, Gacy gets into an actual quarrel with McCoy prior to cutting him consistently in the chest. In the wake of understanding that McCoy had absentmindedly strolled into the stay with the blade while attempting to get ready breakfast, Gacy covers the body in his creep space. Gacy conceded in the meetings following his capture that slaughtering McCoy gave him a "mind-desensitizing climax", expressing that this homicide was the point at which he "understood passing was a definitive rush" (Cahill and Ewing 349). Just about 2 years after the fact, Gacy submits his second homicide of a unidentified young person. Gacy choked the kid prior to stuffing the body in his storeroom prior to covering him (Cahill 349). In 1975, Gacy's business was developing rapidly and his craving for youngsters developed with it. Gacy frequently attracted youngsters under his work to his home, persuading them to place themselves in binds, and assaulting and tormenting them prior to choking them (Cahill 169-170). The greater part of Gacy's homicides occurred somewhere in the range of 1976 and 1978, the first of this time occurring in April 1976. A significant number of the young people that were killed during this time were covered in a creep space under Gacy's home. For the rest of the homicides, Gacy confessed to throwing five bodies off the I-55 scaffold into the Des Plaines River; nonetheless, just four of the bodies were ever recouped (Linedecker 152). In December 1978, Gacy meets Robert Jerome Piest, a 15-year old kid working at a drug store and extends to him an employment opportunity at Gacy's firm. Piest illuminates his mom regarding this and neglects to restore that night. The Piest family records a missing individual's report and the drug specialist educates police that Gacy would doubtlessly be the man that Jerome addressed about a work. When addressed by the police, Gacy denied any association in Piest's vanishing. Nonetheless, the police were not persuaded, and Gacy's set of experiences of sexual maltreatment and battery provoked the police to look through his home. Among the things found at Gacy's home were a 1975 secondary school class ring with the initials J.A.S., various driver's licenses, cuffs, apparel that was excessively little for Gacy, and a receipt for the drug store that Piest had worked at. Throughout the span of the following scarcely any days, examiners got different calls and tips about Gacy's rapes and the secretive vanishings of Gacy's workers. The class ring was in the end followed back to John A. Szyc, one of Gacy's casualties in 1977. Futhermore, after analyzing Gacy's vehicle, examiners found a little bunch of strands looking like human hair, which were shipped off the labs for additional examination. That very night, search canines were utilized to distinguish any hint of Piest in Gacy's vehicle, and one of the canines demonstrated that Piest had, actually, been available in the vehicle. On December 20, 1977, under the pressure of consistent police observation and examination, Gacy admits to more than 30 homicides and educates his attorney and companion where the bodies were covered, both in the slither space and the waterway. 26 casualties were found in the creep space and 4 in the stream. Gacy is captured, indicted for 33 homicides, and condemned to death by deadly infusion. He endeavored a craziness supplication however was denied, and was executed on May 10, 1994. There were a few measurable pointers that agents used to attach Gacy to the killings. A portion of these include fiber examination, dental and radiology records, utilizing the disintegration cycle of the human body, and facial remaking in recognizing the people in question. Agents discovered filaments that looked like human hair in both Gacy's vehicle and close to the creep space where the bodies were covered. Notwithstanding these hair tests, examiners additionally discovered filaments that contained hints of Gacy's blood and semen in a similar region. Blood having a place with the casualties was found on a portion of the strands, which would later straightforwardly attach Gacy to the wrongdoings. The strands in Gacy's vehicle were investigated by scientific researchers and coordinated Piest's hair tests. Moreover, the hunt canines that confirmed that Piest had been in Gacy's vehicle demonstrated this by a "passing response", which told specialists that Piest's dead body had been within Gacy's vehicle. Out of Gacy's 33 known casualties, just 25 were ever indisputably distinguished. Huge numbers of Gacy's casualties had comparative actual depictions and were along these lines hard to recognize by absolutely asking general society. To distinguish the people in question, agents went to Betty Pat Gatliff, a pioneer in scientific science and facial recreation. Facial remaking is the way toward reproducing the facial highlights of a person by utilizing their remaining parts. Certain facial highlights, for example, facial structures, nasal structure, and in general face shape can be helpful in recognizing a casualty even long in the afterlife. By utilizing these highlights, and with the assistance of program, criminological examiners can make a picture of an individual's face, which is instrumental in recognizing casualties after their bodies have rotted. Facial recreation should be possible in a few measurements. Two-dimensional facial reproductions is utilized with skull radiographs and depend on pre-demise photos and data. Notwithstanding, this isn't really ideal in light of the fact that cranial highlights are not generally obvious or at the correct scale (Downing). So as to get a sensible and more precise portrayal of the casualty's face, a craftsman and a measurable anthropologist are normally vital (Downing). Three-dimensional facial reproduction is finished by models or high goal, three-dimensional pictures. PC programs can make facial reproductions by controlling filtered photos of the remaining parts and use approximations to reproduce facial highlights. These will in general deliver results that don't look counterfeit (Reichs and Craig 491). Here and there, examiners will utilize a strategy called superimposition as a method for facial recreation. Tragically, it's anything but a usually utilized strategy, as it expects agents to have some information about the personality of the remaining parts they are managing. By superimposing a photo of a person over the skeletal remaining parts, agents can check whether the facial highlights line up with the anatomical highlights, permitting them to recognize a casualty. On account of John Wayne Gacy's casualties, specialists had the option to utilize facial remaking to recognize nine of the bodies found in the creep space. The accompanying realistic shows the facial recreations of these nine casualties: Since facial remaking was insufficient to recognize the entirety of the people in question, agents got DNA profiles from every one of the unidentified casualties and effectively searched out DNA tests from guys over the United States who had been accounted for missing somewhere in the range of 1970 and 1979 (Cook County Sheriff's Office 3). The leftover casualties were recognized utilizing dental and radiology records. Since dental lacquer is more earnestly than bone, teeth outlive tissue and now and then bone when the body decays. Teeth are truly dependable in recognizing casualties, as they will in general uncover propensities about the individual, for example, nail gnawing, pounding and weight propensities, lip gnawing, and grasping (Ryan 254). Besides, the top of the mouth, which frames a curve, is interesting to every person fit as a fiddle, size, and shape. Teeth additionally have singular qualities that are exceptional to every individual in that the relationship of teeth to each other changes, alongside size and state of the jaws and sense of taste (Ryan 255). So as to distinguish an individual utilizing dental records, measurable dental specialists must secure the dental records of the person in question or perished. In cases including various passings, legal dental specialists get a rundown of potential people and afterward contrast records with the teeth (Freeman standard. 2). By and large, X-beams are viewed as more solid and give the best correlations, yet these are not generally accessible to criminological specialists. When the dental records have been gained, criminological specialists at that point take a gander at the individual tooth size, shading, and form, curve sizes and types, and the connection between the jaws, which is utilized to help characterize facial sorts (Ryan 256). In spite of the fact that John Wayne Gacy's latest casualty was Robert Piest in 1978, specialists in Cook County are as yet looking for distinguishing proof for the leftover bodies. The most as of late distinguished casualty, William Bundy, was decisively recognized>GET ANSWER