Imagine you are an American diplomat in 1970. You are part of a team sent to a strategic Third World country in hopes of making an alliance. Soviet diplomats have been there before you and have suggested to the leaders of this Third World country that the United States should not be trusted as a partner because of how Americans treat their own minority populations. You have been asked to provide a formal, written rebuttal to the Soviet claims.
After giving the matter some thought, you have decided to base your rebuttal on key changes in both foreign and domestic policy over the past 50 years to convince this Third World country to join with the Americans as allies in the Cold War. You realize that you cannot simply “sugarcoat” things and be believable, therefore you plan to provide a thoughtful response that does admit inequities in American society in addition to discussing ongoing changes and positive policies.
What are the key three points you want to get across in your rebuttal?
Note 1: Successful initial posts will consider a broad range of evidence in support of arguments. Take a few moments to consider how you would respond by making a list of both “good” and “bad” aspects of American society and policy. When looking at the “good,” ask yourself why they are good for the purposes of this rebuttal, how would non-Americans perceive things? When looking at the “bad” (which is what the Soviets used against us in the Cold War, as well as the Nazis in WWII, as propaganda), consider change over time. Are there groups working toward ameliorating the bad? Are public policy changes taking place, even if at a slow pace? Or is nothing being done? Admitting injustices while discussing efforts at reform may be enough to sway someone to your side.
the suggest a $1 boom in short-impact resource increases output (and profits) with the aid of $1.sixty four in present value inside the normal usa. This impact is two to 3 times large than in research the use of mixture useful resource. The have a look at additionally reveals diminishing returns to resource: the maximum boom price takes region whilst the 'short-impact' useful resource reaches 8 percent of recipient's GDP. CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK In truth, as advised through previous research, multiple elements impact the allocation of overseas resource and its effectiveness. so one can enhance the effectiveness of foreign useful resource, donors aid allocation choices have to be guided via assessment of the effects of past regulations. although, preceding research on the topic rarely connected the effectiveness of respectable improvement help to foreign resource allocation policies. studies aiming to provide an explanation for determinants of aid flows do not consider effectiveness problems and vice versa. This thesis addresses this weak spot via linking useful resource allocation guidelines and improvement effectiveness through recipients' high-quality of governance. within this framework, there are 3 transmission channels with the aid of which useful resource may impact improvement effects. the first transmission channel is through its capability effect on easing government price range constraints and investment needs of recipient international locations. relying on the nature of government's fiscal response and the degree of aid eligibility, overseas aid can also lead to greater consumption and funding or reduced taxation. the second one channel is thru its interrelationship with governance and coverage. foreign resource would possibly inspire governments to enhance the great of governance and coverage or guide terrible governance and unsustainable guidelines detrimental lengthy-term development prospectus. The 0.33 channel is thru improving the get admission to to worldwide capital markets. In wellknown, differences in get right of entry to to worldwide non-public capital markets have critical implications for overseas resource allocation and effectiveness. overseas aid, via its advantageous impact on governance, regulations and monetary infrastructure, may result in elevated get entry to to international capital markets and, for this reason, decrease the resource dependency. The magnitude and composition of foreign direct investment and modifications in sovereign and corporate credit rankings would possibly serve as approximate measures of the get right of entry to to global private capital markets. There are complicated interactions between governance, foreign non-public capital, public expenditures and boom outdoor of overseas aid. while I attempt to manipulate for other transmission channels inside the evaluation, my major cognizance is in the interplay of governance and aid flows. What role does governance play in recipient nations in donors' useful resource allocation rules? and the way do resource allocation styles effect the useful resource effectiveness? Why is there a problem about the quality of governance? How is governance defined? What dimensions of governance are essential for promoting development consequences? How In growing this theoretical framework, drawing from George Mavrotas (2003). Assessing aid Effectiveness in Uganda: An resource-Disaggregation method, Oxford policy management is it measured? The most crucial cause is that, as evidenced in bankruptcy 2, concept and proof suggest that nations with exact governance are much more likely to acquire better improvement effects, which includes profits in step with capita, academic attainment, fitness and so forth (Knack and Keefer, 1995; Mauro, 1995; corridor and Jones, 1999; Acemoglu, Johnson and Robinson, 2001 and 2002; Feng 2003, Baldacci at el, 2004; and many others). additionally recent studies identifies negative governance as a main reason for useless public spending (Mauro 1998, Abed and Gupta 2002, Rajkumar and Swaroop 2002). for the reason that overseas help works in addition to public spending in many methods, the shortage of manipulate for governance may want to plausibly lead to biased and inconsistent results regarding useful resource effectiveness in a few previous studies. in this context, as cautioned by means of Mavrotas (2003), there may be contrasting experiences inside which person countrywide practice might also lie. At one extreme, foreign assistance may contribute to a virtuous circle of development via initiating required institutional and policy modifications, relaxing savings and foreign exchange constraints, and easing the get right of entry to to>GET ANSWER