For this assignment, you will choose any one of the numerous Great Society programs that were initiated during the 1960s. These programs signaled a significant change in the relationship between the citizen and government. In this assignment, you will define that change in relationship, analyze one program, and propose changes that will make this program more successful.
THE PROGRAM I WOULD LIKE TO WRITE ABOUT IS :
Head Start and Education Reform
To empower parents and make sure every child had a shot of success in life no matter their social or economic circumstances, Johnson, politician and activist Sargent Shriver, and a team of child development experts launched Project Head Start.
The Head Start program started as an eight-week summer camp run by the Office of Economic Opportunity for 500,000 children ages three to five. Since the program’s inception, it has served over 32 million vulnerable children in America.
Education reform was also a key part of the Great Society. In 1965, the Elementary and Secondary Education Act was passed. It guaranteed federal funding for education in school districts whose student majority was low-income. It also:
funded preschool programs
supported school libraries
purchased school textbooks
provided special education services
Before starting this assignment, view the “Great Society” video on the following website:
Part One (2–3 pages):
In part one you will explore the overall scope and context of the Great Society legislation, and then you will focus on one specific program and its impact from the 1960s to today.
Describe the Great Society initiative in general including the historical and social context of the early 1960s
Describe how this initiative changed the relationship between people and the government
Choose one element of the Great Society legislation
Explain the intent of this program
Fully describe this program and show (with data) any impact of this program from the 1960s to today.
Part Two (1–2 pages):
In part two you will write a letter to any one of your national representatives. You can choose to write either the Senator or Congressperson who represents your community. You can find your representative at https://www.govtrack.us/congress/members.
Introduce yourself and state why you are writing the letter Briefly describe the Great Society program you have chosen and show any impact the program has made using the data from part one
An excellent example of the benefits of a combination of research excavation and non-destructive archaeological techniques is the work that has been done, despite objections, at the Anglo-Saxon cemetery at Sutton Hoo, in eastern England (Rahtz 1991 136-47; Renfrew and Bahn 1996, 98-99). Excavation originally took place on the site in 1938-39 revealing many treasures and the impression in sand of a wooden ship used for a burial, though the body was not found. The focus of these campaigns and those of the 1960s were traditional in their approach, being concerned with the opening of burial mounds, their contents, dating and identifying historical connections such as the identity of the occupants. In the 1980s a new campaign with different aims was undertaken, directed by Martin Carver. Rather than beginning and ending with excavation, a regional survey was carried out over an area of some 14ha, helping to set the site in its local context. Electronic distance measuring was used to create a topographical contour map prior to other work. A grass expert examined the variety of grass species on-site and identified the positions of some 200 holes dug into the site. Other environmental studies examined beetles, pollen and snails. In addition, a phosphate survey, indicative of likely areas of human occupation, corresponded with results of the surface survey. Other non-destructive tools were used such as metal detectors, used to map modern rubbish. A proton magnetometer, fluxgate gradiometer and soil resistivity were all used on a small part of the site to the east, which was later excavated. Of those techniques, resistivity proved the most informative, revealing a modern ditch and a double palisade, as well as some other features (see comparative illustrations in Renfrew and Bahn 1996, 99). Excavation later revealed features that had not been remotely detected. Resistivity has since been used on the area of the mounds while soil-sounding radar, which penetrates deeper than resistivity, is being used on the mounds themselves. At Sutton Hoo, the techniques of geophysical survey are seen to operate as a complement to excavation, not merely a preliminary nor yet a replacement. By trialling such techniques in conjunction with excavation, their effectiveness can be gauged and new and more effective techniques developed. The results at Sutton Hoo suggest that research excavation and non-destructive methods of archaeological research remain morally justifiable. However, simply because such techniques can be applied efficiently does not mean that excavation should be the priority nor that all sites should be excavated, but such a scenario has never been a likely one due to the usual constraints such as funding. Besides, it has been noted above that there is already a trend towards conservation. Continued resea>