(a) What’s the source for beach-sand in the natural, unaltered Oceanside Littoral Cell?
(b) Consider a “multiple choice” version of the question above on Exam #1, and the possible incorrect choices that might be available for you to choose…Predict one or more common misconceptions about beach-sand in a natural, unaltered Littoral Cell.
2.Diagram and correctly label the main components of the Oceanside Littoral Cell:
3.(a) Under what condition is there net depletion in the amount of material held in storage
in an Open System?
(b) How does this relate to the Oceanside Littoral Cell, post-urbanization of San Diego?
in an Open System?
(b) How did this relate to the Oceanside Littoral Cell, pre-urbanization of San Diego?
5.The “sand budget” of the natural, unaltered Oceanside Littoral Cell existed in which one of
the following three states: disequilibrium, static equilibrium, or dynamic equilibrium?
Briefly explain or elaborate:
6.Accurately discuss the role of “recycling” relative to the “sand budget” of area beaches such
as the Oceanside Littoral Cell.
B.FROM THE HANDOUT: “The Flight From Science And Reason”
The laws which govern gas consumption by Ford trucks are dependent upon
a) the sex and ethnicity of the driver
b) the universal theories of physics
One dollar plus one dollar equals two dollars
a) only for certain cultural groups
b) for all people
9.“A car must be taken back to the Gas Station repeatedly for refueling because some of its’
energy gets destroyed each time it gets driven.” Evaluate the statement above in the
context of the First and Second Energy Laws.
10.Consider the following statement:
Heat is an invisible, weightless, indestructible fluid (the “caloric fluid”) that when
absorbed by matter, raises its temperature; as such Heat can be neither created nordestroyed.
(a) Accurate or not accurate?(b) How? (c) Thus, describe the relationship to Clausius.
Heat is simply molecular-scale, randomly-distributed Kinetic Energy; processes such
as “friction” can produce Heat by transforming other forms of Energy, such as
ordered, macro-scale motion, into molecular-scale, randomly-distributed motion
(a)Accurate or not accurate?(b) How? (c) Thus, describe the relationship to Clausius.
(b) Thus, an increase in Entropy is a measure of a system’s increased “_ to
According to the Second Energy Law:
a. all natural system processes operate in such a way as to generate and maintain a
condition of maximum entropy
b. all natural system processes operate in such a way as to dissipate ordered, useable
energy into non-ordered, non-useable, randomly distributed heat energy
c. it is impossible to design a car engine that is so efficient and so well-tuned that it
doesn’t produce any heat at all, but instead converts all of the chemical energy
stored in gasoline into the useful work of going from “A” to “B”
15.Of the following, which are TRUE vs. FALSE? As per what law?
When work is performed:
a. Energy is conserved
b. Energy is transformed
c.Entropy (or “disorder”) increases
d.Entropy (or “disorder”) is conserved