Your second data report will use the Shannon-Weiner Index to answer the following research question:
How does the biodiversity of fish populations change across depth habitats in the Indian River Lagoon?
The final data report will compare the data from this report to data that will be collected in November. Both papers involve a good deal of time and effort
on your part. Please plan ahead.
Note: All lab reports are an individual effort. You are encouraged to discuss results with your classmates, but you must write the report by yourself. Any
copying of text, graphs, charts, or figures from each other will be considered cheating and all involved parties will receive a score of 0% on the paper.
1. TITLE PAGE
A separate page including the title of the paper, your name, date, section, and the name of your TA.
2. ABSTRACT (1 pt)
The abstract is a short (one paragraph, 5-8 sentences) summary of the report. Include brief statements describing:
• Purpose (why the study was done)
• Methods (how the study was conducted)
• Results (what the study discovered)
• Implications (why the results are important).
3. INTRODUCTION (5 pts)
The introduction provides background information from the peer-reviewed literature on the topic and the study area. Describe what is already known about
the topic. Who has conducted studies similar to this one, and why? Why would someone not in this class or in the field of biology care about biodiversity?
1. General background:
• What is biodiversity, and why is it important to measure?
• Relevant background on Indian River Lagoon. Why is the IRL an important ecosystem? In what ways is this ecosystem important to the local
community? Why is it important to study fish biodiversity here?
• What have previous studies discovered about fish biodiversity in the IRL, or similar estuarine ecosystems in the region? Has diversity changed
2. Rationale, Research Question & Hypothesis:
• Rationale for this study: Why are the questions investigated during this study important? What is the potential greater significance of the findings?
• Research Question: You must address the following research question. You may add additional research questions regarding fish size or fish
1. How does the biodiversity of fish populations change across depth habitats in the IRL?
• Hypothesis: Must include two key components.
1. A statement of the predicted outcome.
2. A brief explanation of what the results will show if the hypothesis is found to be true: “If the hypothesis is correct, then…”
Note: You must cite at least 5 peer-reviewed sources in your introduction. These sources must be scholarly scientific journals- see section on references,
4. METHODS (2 pts)
Describe the methods used for data collection and data analysis. The reader should be able to repeat your study based on the information described in your
methods. When deciding how much detail to provide, ask yourself: would changing or omitting this information affect the outcome of the study?
• Study area: describe where the study was conducted. Include brief relevant habitat and weather observations.
• Sampling methods: seining protocol, how the fish were captured
• Data collection methods: what data was collected once fish were captured
• Data analysis methods: describe the Shannon Weiner Index. Explain:
1. Why the index was chosen
2. What information the index provides
3. How the index was calculated (briefly define and describe the variables). Do not forget to include both H’ and Hmax. You do not need to discuss each
mathematical step of the calculation. You also need to cite this information: cite the lab powerpoint or primary literature. Here’s how to cite the lab
Carroll, M., and Sales, R. “Lab 3 Lecture: Botanical Gardens”. Biological Discovery 2.
Florida Institute of Technology, Melbourne, FL. Fall 2017.
5. RESULTS (9 pts)
1. Describe results in writing:
Describe the results in paragraph form, using complete sentences. Highlight important patterns that will be discussed in the discussion section. Do not
discuss the significance of results here.
• Describe relationships between fish biodiversity and depth habitat. Thoroughly discuss patterns of species abundance, diversity, or evenness
observed between habitats.
• Discuss observed patterns of fish size between depth habitats. Do not simply make a list of figures and tables. Refer directly to specific figures
and tables. Example: The majority of Mojarra caught in knee-deep water were between 50 and 59 millimeters (Fig. 2).
KFC Corporation, situated in Louisville, Kentucky, is one of the world's biggest chains of fast food eateries, serving in excess of 12 million clients day by day in 109 nations and regions around the globe. KFC is a piece of multi-mark administrator Yum, which is the world's biggest eatery organization, claims in excess of 36,000 areas around the globe. Amid a year around situation, my chance at KFC was in a place of casher and after that I got an advancement to an eatery group pioneer, administering the every day shop activities and also offering item. This situation offers me an incredible chance to watch the partnership and consider the CSR of KFC. A year arrangement has influenced me to have an extraordinary perspective of KFC and furthermore gives me a chance to investigation the corporate social duties of KFC. This paper begins by quickly checking on the writing on corporate social duty and after that proceeds by giving some foundation on the fast food setting. It is trailed by the four sorts of social duties constitute add up to CSR: financial, legitimate, moral, and magnanimous. Moreover, this paper will present how KFC apply these four classes into training. Toward the finish of this report, it will express that the advantage of CSR and give the recommendation of how to enhance the CSR to enhance the entire brand of KFC. 2. The idea of CSR Corporate social duty (CSR) is an invited business procedure, which is a dedication of an organization to carry on in a moral and mindful way, to 'limit the negative effects and augment the positive effects' (Maignan, et. al, 2005) on both the business interests and partners of organization. As of late, Zadek (2001) has noticed that CSR depends on the idea of "partner popular government", which is expressed that the business associations are comprised of various distinctive partners with an assortment of interests; the majority of the partners have an impact over the organization's advantages. There are numerous meanings of CSR from various stances. Over the most recent 30 years, CSR has been broadly talked about. While Keith Davis in 1960 contended that CSR alludes to organizations choices and moves made for reasons in any event mostly past the association's immediate monetary or specialized intrigue, alternate explores (Eells and Walton, 1961) imagined that the CSR alludes to the "issue that emerge when corporate endeavor throws its shadow on the social scene, and the moral rules that should oversee the connection between the enterprise and society." It is a pattern that associations give careful consideration on each part of their execution than previously; they are thinking about the financial enthusiasm as well as minding the social analysis and ecological insurance. Additionally, in 2008, the financial specialist's report express that CSR is 'made up of three board layers, one over other', gave separately to CSR as 'customary corporate philanthropyâ€¦.. In the 21st centuryâ€¦ Receptiveness and straightforwardness turn into the key trademark for associations. An ever increasing number of associations perceive the critical of social obligation and they are endeavoring to hone these ideas. The creators lean toward the utilization of the term corporate social obligation and present the accompanying definition. Corporate social duty is a committal that made by the organization to add to the general public through the business practices and joining the corporate assets, that may incorporates enhancing the personal satisfaction of people and concentrating on the ecological issues (Philip, K and Nancy, L, 2005). The CSR additionally incorporates the two sorts, one is 'instrumental CSR', which is sought after for business gainfulness, the other is 'inherent CSR', which is overlooked the business productivity. These two pieces of information are critical to the partners. 3. Corporate social obligation of KFC Carroll (1991) demonstrates that enterprise ought to create on both side: the monetary side and social side. The he clear the CSR into four sections, in this manner, the company ought have the monetary and lawful commitments, as well as they have the duty on the moral and generous sides. The primary point for this idea is the organization needs to take all the four sections duties to the general public, not just monetary duty which is the most basic obligation. As specified, the four noteworthy duties incorporate monetary, legitimate, moral and generous parts (Carroll, 1991). As it can be seen, table 1 abridges some essential proclamations of these four noteworthy obligations. What's more, a nitty gritty depiction of every social obligation takes after. Table 1 Economic, lawful, morals and humanitarian segments of CSR Financial components(responsibilities) Lawful parts (duties) 1. It is critical to perform in a way steady with augmenting profit per share. 1. It is critical to perform in a way steady with desires of government and law. 2. It is critical to be focused on being as gainful as would be prudent. 2. It is essential to follow different government, state, and neighborhood controls. 3. It is essential to keep up a solid aggressive position. 3. It is vital to be honest corporate native. 4. It is vital to keep up an abnormal state of working effectiveness. 4. It is critical that a fruitful firm be characterized as one that satisfies its lawful commitments. 5. It is vital that a fruitful firm be characterized as one that is reliably beneficial. 5. It is vital to give merchandise and enterprises that at any rate meet negligible lawful prerequisites. Moral segments( duties) Magnanimous segments ( obligations) 1. It is vital to perform in a way predictable with desires of societal mores and moral standards. 1. It is vital to perform in a way predictable with the humanitarian and altruistic desires of society. 2. It is vital to perceive and regard new or developing moral good standards embraced by society. 2. It is critical to help the fine and performing expressions. 3. It is critical to avert moral standards being traded off to accomplish corporate objectives. 3. It is critical that directors and workers take part in intentional and magnanimous exercises inside their nearby groups. 4. It is vital that great corporate citizenship be characterized as dong what is normal ethically or morally. 4. It is critical to give help to private and open instructive organizations. 5. It is imperative to perceive that corporate respectability and moral conduct run past unimportant consistence with laws and directions. 5. It is imperative to help intentionally those tasks that upgrade a group's "personal satisfaction". (Source: Carroll, A.,2007. The Pyramid of corporate social duty) These duties must be performed keeping in mind the end goal to profit the organization administrators as well as their partners, including the neighborhood groups and the overall population (Maignan et al.2005; MoIR,2001). As substantiated via Carroll (1979), the corporate social obligations push the organizations should maintain the business in a way that upgrades the prosperity of their clients and also the general public. 3.1. Monetary duty 3.1.1 The meaning of monetary duty Truly, the organization was made as monetary elements intended to give merchandise and enterprises that clients required. The essential motivating force for the partnership is to greatest benefit for the investor. Thusly, the rule part for the partnership was to create merchandise and enterprises that clients required and needed and to make a legitimate benefit amid the business. It is the essential objective for the business association. Without this financial duty, all other social obligations are turned out to be unsettled contemplations (Carroll, 1991). Along these lines, KFC's monetary obligation will be completely present in their yearly report and back report of 2009. 3.1.2 International market of KFC As indicated by the 2009 yearly report of Yum!, the parent organization of KFC, which is expressed that in most recent five years, their interests in high potential markets which included France, Russian, India, Brazil, South Africa and Vietnam are paying off(Yum! Yearly report, 2009). Certainly, they are extended the worldwide market to fulfill more multinational clients' needs while gaining more benefit as conceivable as possible. From a money related outlook, Yum! had run a multi-year program to diminish their organization proprietorship to around 5% at KFC, down from 18% at when they began toward the finish of 2007. This will have more critical and more unsurprising stream of establishment income. And furthermore the organization decreasing the general and regulatory costs from organization tasks, they hope to create at any rate as much benefit with no capital consumptions by putting these eateries in the hands of good establishment administrators. 3.1.3 The money related execution of KFC Additionally, in their 2009 budgetary report, KFC's global deals income expanded from $7394 in 2007 to $8230 in 2009, three years development is 3 %( Yum monetary information, 2010). Generally, KFC are happy with the financial obligations by expanding the benefit in three years. In any case, there additionally have a few issues of that. Because of my perception, KFC have expanded its business cost, for instance, in UK, the offering cost of every dinner are expanded by 30p to 40p. There is most likely that this cost approach will expand the aggregate benefit also. Despite the fact that KFC asserted that they will offer clients better administration, it can't rely upon the expansion the pitching cost to expand the benefit. 3.2 Legal obligations 3.2.1 The meaning of lawful >GET ANSWER