1. Refresh your memory by going over the assigned articles, the presentation your group prepared, and any notes you may have taken during class discussion.
2. Describe the history of the litigation:
How did the case began? Who are the parties? What were the claims made by the parties in the lower court? Was it a state or a federal court? What was the decision of the lower court? What was the logic, precedent and /or doctrine invoked by the court?
What were the claims made before the appellate court? How did they differ from those made in the lower court ? What was the decision of the appellate court? Did it reach a state supreme court? If so, what did it decide? What were the logic, precedents and/or doctrine invoked by the court?
3. Discuss social and legal issues that are at the heart of the litigation. Are these new or old issues? Were these new issues or did they exist before, perhaps in a slightly different form? If so, what is new about the current litigation?
4. SCOTUS accepts for review only a very small fraction of the appeals sent to it. Why do you think SCOTUS agreed to hear the case you work on?
5. Discuss the “friends of the court” briefs : Who are the organizations that put the briefs forward? What interests did they represent? What arguments they make in the briefs?
6. Discuss the decision of SCOTUS (if already made) or the predications (if not yet made). Do you concur with SCOTUS’ logic? How will the decision shape the future of the issues at hand?
Political Situation of the Central African Public Distributed: eighteenth October, 2017 Last Edited: eighteenth October, 2017 Disclaimer: This article has been put together by an understudy. This isn't a case of the work composed by our expert exposition essayists. You can see tests of our expert work here. Any sentiments, discoveries, conclusions or suggestions communicated in this material are those of the writers and don't really mirror the perspectives of UK Essays. Focal African Republic: Africa's Bleeding Heart An Overview: Somewhere down in the core of Africa lies the Central African Republic, it is a landlocked nation (i.e: has no beach front lines) as the nation is boarded by: Chad toward the north, Sudan toward the upper east, South Sudan toward the east, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Republic of the Congo toward the south and Cameroon toward the west. Focal African Republic is one of the poorest nations on the planet in spite of the fact that its rich with normal assets and possibilities, for example, precious stones, uranium, timber and gold; CAR has been insecure since its Independence from France as the nation confronted bunches of upsets and many years of blood sheds, clashes and wars. In 2013 an equipped Muslim gathering seized control over the nation and executed various occurrences of savagery bringing about a reaction by an outfitted Christian gathering that likewise reacted by brutal episodes. With residents being the significant casualties of these episodes CAR possesses the third place in the Fund for Peace 2014 Failed States Index as the most recent occasions swelled into slaughters and ethnic purifying that expanded the nation's unquenchability and disintegrated human rights conditions, making CAR Africa's draining heart. ct-lgflagct-delineate B-Country Profile: Populace: Central African Republic has a populace of 4.6 million, with 40.6% of the populace between the age of 0-14 years. Religions: indigenous convictions 35%, Protestant 25%, Roman Catholic 25%, Muslim 15%. Dialect: there are 2 official dialects in CAR which are French and Sangho, notwithstanding some ancestral dialects. Interval President: Catherine Samba-Panza. Interval Prime Minister: Mahmat Kamoun. Capital: Bangui. Key Exports: Diamonds, timber, cotton, and espresso. Key Imports: Food, materials, oil based goods, apparatus, engine vehicles, and pharmaceuticals Exchanging Partners: Belgium, China, Netherlands, Cameroon, D.R.Congo, France, and South Korea C-Insight on CAR History: The focal African republic was a piece of the french provinces in Africa as in 1894 France made the Ubangi-Shari domain (the present-day CAR), in 1946 the nation was given its own particular portrayal in the french parliament and Barthelemy Boganda turns into the primary focal African to be chosen in the french parliament, and in 1958 the nation accomplishes self-administration inside the french tropical Africa and Boganda turns into the PM. Autonomy and post Independence time: In the wake of looking for Independence the nation at last accomplishes it in 1960 and David Dacko - Boganda's nephew-turns into the primary leader of the nation, and in 1964 he is affirmed as a president in decisions in which he was the main applicant. In 1965 as the nation was confronting banckrupcy the armed force authority Jean-Bedel Bokassa drives an upset and ousts Dacko. At first Bokassa pronounces himself a president forever yet then in 1976 he proclaims himself ruler and renames the region the "Focal African Empire". After across the board dissents in 1979 in which many school youngsters were captured and slaughtered while in detainment Dacko - sponsored by French troops-drives an upset and ascends back to control. Anyway he is before long dismissed in an upset driven by the armed force leader Andre Kolingba. In 1992 a multiparty presidential and parliamentary races occurred in which Kolingba came last however these races were canceled by the preeminent court and another decisions happened in 1993 in which Ange-Felix Patasse wins to end 12 long stretches of military run the show. In 1997 France starts pulling back its powers from the nation and African peacekeepers supplant the French troops, in 1999 Patasse is re-chosen and the previous president Kolingba comes in second place with 19% of votes. In March 2003 the armed force head of staff Francois Bozize drives an upset d'etait.Upon grabbing the administration, Bozize suspended the nation's Constitution and broke down the National Assembly.Though he guaranteed to venture down after an underlying transitional period to vote based system, Bozize was reelected in 2005 and started calling for national solidarity, advancement, and majority rule flexibility. A peace bargain known as theBirao Peace Agreement, which was marked in 2007 between the administration of the CAR and the radical gathering Union des Forces Démocratiques pour le Rassemblement UFDR (Union of Democratic Forces for Unity), seemed to set Bozize's aims. Additionally advance was apparently made with the2008 Libreville Comprehensive Peace Agreement, which, notwithstanding the UFDR, likewise incorporated the radical gatherings Armee Populaire pour la Restauration de la Democratie (People's Army for the Restoration of Democracy – APRD) and the Front democratique du Peuple Centrafricain (Democratic Front for the People of the Central African Republic – FDPC) in its arrangements. Together, these arrangements guaranteed absolution; demilitarization, retirement and reintegration (DDR) programs for previous soldiers; and political power-sharing. However, the delicacy of these peace bargains was soon apparent. In 2010, the Bozize administration experienced harsh criticism from resistance pioneers who reported their goal to blacklist the January 2011 decisions in light of institutional changes influencing the voter enrollment process. At the point when Bozize was reelected in 2011, his triumph was covered by claims of decision extortion that further debilitated the as of now declining security circumstance in the CAR. The Bozize government's powerlessness to deactivate dissidents and ex-officers, alongside such remote inclusion as a February 2012 joint hostile between troops from the CAR and neighboring Chad (which tried to debilitate a Chadian agitator development and left a great many regular citizens dislodged) added to developing insecurity all through the nation. D-March 2013 Coup d'Etait: In December 2012, a free radical coalition named the Seleka started a military crusade to oust Bozize's legislature. The Seleka, primarily made out of groups of outfitted gatherings in northeastern CAR, including the UFDR and FDPC, and the Convention Patriotique pour le Salut Wa Kodro (CPSK) and the Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace (Convention des Patriotespour la Justice et la Paix – CPJP), condemned Bozize's legislature for neglecting to actualize the DDR program in the upper east, declining to examine revolutionary and government violations that had been happening since 2005, and showing a general absence of administration in its region.Capitalizing on the way that the nation had been " for all intents and purposes ungoverned " outside of the capital, Bangui, for a considerable length of time, the Seleka quickly caught a few key towns in mid 2013 and was ready to take Bangui next. A hurried mediation by Chad and the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) rather convinced the Seleka to consult with Bozize's administration. The consequence of these transactions was the Libreville Agreement of January 2013, which set up a three-year control sharing game plan in the CAR.In expansion, itstipulatedthat Bozize would stay in office until 2016, however that he would not be permitted to keep running for a third term past that. Shockingly, be that as it may, the Libreville Agreement was made between local heads of state as opposed to heads of warring gatherings in the CAR, which, as the Council on Foreign Relations noted , expanded the trouble of executing genuine change since it fail to consider the "complexities" of the contention. The administration's inability to do assentions under the 2013 Libreville Agreement created outrage and dissatisfaction with respect to the Seleka, who resurged and took control of Bangui and 15 of the CAR's 16 territories on 24 March 2013, a move which all the while made Bozize escape to Cameroon . After grabbing the capital, Seleka pioneer Michel Djotodia declared himself President and suspended CAR's constitution. Djotodia's initiative was promptly condemned at the worldwide level, as his Seleka contenders were blamed for having utilized youngster officers in their effective oust of the Bozize government, and in addition having occupied with the plundering of towns, the assaulting and murdering of regular citizens, and the kidnapping of individuals from the national armed force. Proceeded with brutality with respect to the Seleka even after Djotodia took office brought up extra issues about the security circumstance in the CAR. By August theSéléka-run government under Djotodia was said to be progressively divided.The strife compounded towards the finish of the year with universal admonitions of massacre. The battling was between the administration of the Central African Republic 's previous Séléka coalition of radical gatherings, who are fundamentally from the Muslim minority and the for the most part Christian hostile to balaka coalition - Anti-balakaare Christian and animist civilian armies shaped in the Central African Republic after the ascent to intensity of Michel Djotodia in 2013-. In January 2014 President Djotodia resignedand was supplanted by Catherine Samba-Panza ,yet the contention proceeded. When Djotodia left office, Seleka powers started to pull back from their stations the nation over. Around the local area after town, when the Seleka left, the counter balaka volunteer army moved in and propelled brutal assaults against the Muslim minority. Since universal peacekeeping powers were to a great degree ease back to convey the nation over, the field was available to the counter balaka to attest their capacity and specialist. They killed a huge number of Muslim regular people, now and again in substantial scale slaughters, plundered Muslim>GET ANSWER