1. Job order manufacturing and process manufacturing are two major costing systems used in manufacturing. Answer the following questions regarding these two systems:
a. Compare and contrast the two costing systems.
b. Which costing system should a service firm, such as an advertising agency use?
c. How do these two systems provide decision-making information?
2. Describe activity based costing.
Give two examples where activity based costing is preferable over traditional costing.
a. How is activity-based costing useful for decision making?
b. Discuss the three overhead rate methods used in activity-based costing and consider their relative usefulness.
Abelard And Heloise's Love Letters Distributed: 23rd March, 2015 Last Edited: eighth May, 2017 Disclaimer: This paper has been put together by an understudy. This isn't a case of the work composed by our expert paper authors. You can see tests of our expert work here. Any sentiments, discoveries, conclusions or suggestions communicated in this material are those of the writers and don't really mirror the perspectives of UK Essays. The letters sent amongst Abelard and Heloise talk about numerous dubious attributes of their era. They speak about sex, virginity, a lady's part in the general public, and discipline which thus demonstrates the morals, religious perspectives, and ethics of their chance. Rather than these points it likewise depicts the issues the congregation and society had when looked with these thoughts that did not take after along as per the Bible. The morals and tenets of living were vigorously associated with the congregation in Abelard and Heloise's chance not at all like present day times. In this general public the pastorate was the most regarded but dreaded power in the land. All things considered individuals were relied upon to take after and stick to everything said in the Bible. They should experience their lives as needs be to the Bible. Any information should be utilized to additionally embody God and never to be utilized to negate God, his standards, or his lessons. If it somehow managed to be utilized in that capacity at that point individuals were as saying blasphemy and suspended from the congregation and despised by others. Each part of this day and age and society were revolved around the congregation. In this very limited society the letters sent between the two sweethearts permits us knowledge into the themes of the sacredness of virginity, sex once wedded, the punishments for sex without marriage, and the parts ladies were required to play with no objections or influence in the general public of Abelard and Heloise. The sacredness of virginity was an incredible prize amid Abelard and Heloise's opportunity, around the twelfth century. It was prized and held to high regard yet for the wrong reasons. Numerous trusted the more drawn out a lady clutched her virginity the closer she would progress toward becoming to God. Abelard figures that, "The more God is satisfied by the forbearance and self control which ladies have committed to him, the additionally ready he will be to give their prayers."(123) Men of this general public trust virginity ought to be in dedication to God however Abelard trusted it was to please society that numerous ladies did it, not to please God. While Heloise agrees she says "Men believe being unadulterated of substance, a virgin, is a goodness." She additionally trusts that that temperance originates from the spirit not from the body. Being a virgin was considered something we as people do to please God when in reality it is in reality to a greater extent a profound or religious characteristic. Society just put an incentive upon outward appearances as a virgin however enabled lascivious impulses to be thought as long as it was not followed up on. Abelard considered virgins not unadulterated on the off chance that they thought filthy on the grounds that the body and soul are one and the same. Society regarded the show of virginity yet minded pretty much nothing if a man really had faith in what they were doing or if a man really needed to do what they were doing. Were individuals inquisitive about virginity as well as ignorant regarding the relationship once sex is allowed after marriage. Numerous trusted God has permitted sex once one is hitched to the one they have hitched. Despite the fact that Abelard believes this regardless he feels ill will while having intercourse with his own significant other particularly "amid the times of Our Lord's Passion" (147). Despite the fact that sex is to be permitted after marriage the congregation had leads in the matter of when a couple could be as one. Sex inside and out is acknowledged amid Abelard and Heloise's time yet it indicated at as being awful since the congregation must control it. Since the congregation can state when it okay and not okay to engage in sexual relations then this partners there must be some sort of wickedness or indecency with respect to sex. Abelard never concedes that he concurs with what the riffraff consider him and Heloise he says that the general population think "it was want, not friendship which bound you to me, the fire of desire as opposed to of adoration" (116). Abelard does not know why he has transgressed what he has, taking Heloise's virginity and engaging in sexual relations on blessed days, so like any individual he needs to put the fault on somebody or something different so he censures it on the feeling of desire which drives him to surrender his adoration for Heloise however regardless she cherishes him. Because of their general public imbuing in them the ever intense manage of God, Abelard and Heloise anticipate that God will rebuff them for their wrongdoings. Abelard acknowledges God's discipline with no issue and does not address it. Heloise then again goes ahead to state that every one of the laws of being equivalent under the eye of God were turned around when it went to their judgment. Heloise is confounded in light of the fact that God did not rebuff her and Abelard while they were submitting the transgressions of sex before marriage yet rather chose to rebuff them after they wound up wedded. She thinks of it as turned around in light of the fact that while they did the awful deed no terrible happened to them however once they had complied with God's govern the discipline fell upon them cruelly. Heloise whines to Abelard about how unforgiving God's discipline is on them however Abelard trusts it was all piece of God's will. He trusts that Heloise was sent to him by God to make him be mutilated compelling him closer to God. This demonstrates in this general public individuals were befuddled and had altogether different perspectives on God's discipline however even so they accepted it. All through their letters Abelard rushes to remind Heloise about her place in the public arena fortifying the part ladies played in this general public. The most evident part of ladies in this general public was that ladies were auxiliary to men. Heloise additionally strengthens this male centric society upon herself when she sees Abelard puts her name first without anyone else. Heloise reveals to him that it ought not be and to the point that she is second rate compared to his since she is a ladies and all things considered his name should precede his (127). Abelard does concur and expresses that that is the normal request of the world. As regular practice in this general public ladies are underneath men and spouses are required to dependably, dependably serve their husbands. A ladies has numerous other expected parts as well. Most importantly, and the most debasing of all she is required to be great in bed. Another normal part from a ladies is to dependably fulfill her significant other. Commonly Abelard says things like a decent spouse makes her significant other a cheerful man. All things considered society just need and trust a lady should fulfill a man, love him, and serve him. Indeed, even with the greater part of this ladies can in any case be seen as malicious or debasement in this general public. Heloise says "men are most effortlessly conveyed to destroy through their spouses" (131) Heloise never protests the perspectives Abelard ventures onto her or other ladies in this general public. Heloise flawlessly indicates state of mind of a commonplace ladies in this general public. She says that she will put on something else, her psyche, and her body all to demonstrate Abelard as the one proprietor of her body and will. She even goes ahead to state she needs only Abelard and that she "searched for no marriage-bond, no marriage divide... I favor love to wedlock and opportunity to chains" (113). She would surrender her life and all that she has for Abelard. These letters to the exclusion of everything else demonstrate the debasement and the impact of man upon the congregation of God. Heloise expresses that if man does not annoy or prevent the suppositions from claiming pastors they will get the most noteworthy of acclaim. Any type of reasoning that upsets or conflicts with what the congregation is lecturing is marked as blasphemy and for the most part prompts the dangers on the individual's life or even the demise of the individual. Numerous individuals choose which verses and precepts of the Bible to take after and disregard the ones that don't profit them in the short or long run. The ministers in Abelard and Heloise's period and our time parade their riches despite the fact that the Bible advises about humility they overlook it. Abelard thinks this isn't right in the holy places of his opportunity. Another blame that is conspicuous in this general public however not thought upon as prove without Abelard's contemplations upon it is prejudice. Abelard says Ethiopian ladies are not as beautiful as white ladies but rather they are better in bed. What's more, he additionally says that the shade of the Ethiopian ladies are a "distortion" (140). The talks had through letters amongst Abelard and Heloise about virginity, sex, marriage, God's discipline have permitted us locate into the twelfth century's ethics, morals, and it really features the issues inside the congregation that have proceeded until this present day. While virginity is loved, sex after marriage is permitted by the Bible, the discipline of God is normal when a transgression is submitted, and the parts of ladies are implemented in this general public there are numerous imperfections. Virginity is prized just outwardly, sex is permitted after marriage yet at the same time controlled by the congregation, discipline is normal however saw diversely by every individual, and society treat ladies second to men. Despite the fact that Heloise addresses God's discipline and is confounded about it she not even once addresses her part in the public eye she acknowledges it. This demonstrates how solid a general public can affect a solitary individual.>GET ANSWER