1. Assess the client using Giger and Davidhizar’s Transcultural Assessment Model
(Giger and Davidhizar, pp. 9-11).
2. Using the tool, interview a client from a culture different from your own (i.e.
someone from an ethnic minority group).
3. This paper must be written in a narrative format. Review the content requirements
below. Type in Word and submit a copy of the paper to instructor by the deadline.
There will be no “pre-grading” of the case study. Also review the Case Study
Grading Tool on page 17 and 18 before submitting the paper.
a. Part 1 Assessment (42 points)
Describe the client based on the six cultural phenomena. Note:
About half of your paper should be focused on this area.
b. Part 2 Care Plan (27 points)
Based on your assessment, identify actual or potential nursing
diagnoses, expected client outcomes and therapeutic interventions. Use
Giger and Davidhizar Part 2 (Application of Assessment & Intervention
Techniques to Specific Cultural Groups) for reference. Every chapter in
Part 2 has a case study with sample diagnoses, outcomes, and
interventions. Choose only the sample interventions that reflect culturally
congruent care. Also review the Power Point on Transcultural Nursing
Process Part 2.
i. Nursing Diagnosis (9 points) Use NANDA labels. Use a three-part
statement for actual diagnosis and a two-part statement for
potential diagnosis. Identify a minimum of three actual or risk
diagnoses that have cultural implications.
ii. Client Outcomes (3 points) Identify at least one expected client
outcome for each diagnosis. Outcomes must have time frames and
they need to be relevant and measurable.
iii. Nursing interventions (15 points) Write at least five specific
interventions for each of the three nursing diagnoses. These
interventions must reflect consideration of the client’s cultural
c. Part 3 Personal Reflection (16 points)
Reflect on how the knowledge from this assignment will influence
your future nursing care of clients from different cultures. Consider
similarities and differences between client’s responses with what could
have been your own responses. Consider the ways in which your
responses might influence your interaction with the client. This section
should be a minimum of one page.
d. Organization/Style (15 points)



Sample Solution

Sample solution

Dante Alighieri played a critical role in the literature world through his poem Divine Comedy that was written in the 14th century. The poem contains Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso. The Inferno is a description of the nine circles of torment that are found on the earth. It depicts the realms of the people that have gone against the spiritual values and who, instead, have chosen bestial appetite, violence, or fraud and malice. The nine circles of hell are limbo, lust, gluttony, greed and wrath. Others are heresy, violence, fraud, and treachery. The purpose of this paper is to examine the Dante’s Inferno in the perspective of its portrayal of God’s image and the justification of hell. 

In this epic poem, God is portrayed as a super being guilty of multiple weaknesses including being egotistic, unjust, and hypocritical. Dante, in this poem, depicts God as being more human than divine by challenging God’s omnipotence. Additionally, the manner in which Dante describes Hell is in full contradiction to the morals of God as written in the Bible. When god arranges Hell to flatter Himself, He commits egotism, a sin that is common among human beings (Cheney, 2016). The weakness is depicted in Limbo and on the Gate of Hell where, for instance, God sends those who do not worship Him to Hell. This implies that failure to worship Him is a sin.

God is also depicted as lacking justice in His actions thus removing the godly image. The injustice is portrayed by the manner in which the sodomites and opportunists are treated. The opportunists are subjected to banner chasing in their lives after death followed by being stung by insects and maggots. They are known to having done neither good nor bad during their lifetimes and, therefore, justice could have demanded that they be granted a neutral punishment having lived a neutral life. The sodomites are also punished unfairly by God when Brunetto Lattini is condemned to hell despite being a good leader (Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). While he commited sodomy, God chooses to ignore all the other good deeds that Brunetto did.

Finally, God is also portrayed as being hypocritical in His actions, a sin that further diminishes His godliness and makes Him more human. A case in point is when God condemns the sin of egotism and goes ahead to commit it repeatedly. Proverbs 29:23 states that “arrogance will bring your downfall, but if you are humble, you will be respected.” When Slattery condemns Dante’s human state as being weak, doubtful, and limited, he is proving God’s hypocrisy because He is also human (Verdicchio, 2015). The actions of God in Hell as portrayed by Dante are inconsistent with the Biblical literature. Both Dante and God are prone to making mistakes, something common among human beings thus making God more human.

To wrap it up, Dante portrays God is more human since He commits the same sins that humans commit: egotism, hypocrisy, and injustice. Hell is justified as being a destination for victims of the mistakes committed by God. The Hell is presented as being a totally different place as compared to what is written about it in the Bible. As a result, reading through the text gives an image of God who is prone to the very mistakes common to humans thus ripping Him off His lofty status of divine and, instead, making Him a mere human. Whether or not Dante did it intentionally is subject to debate but one thing is clear in the poem: the misconstrued notion of God is revealed to future generations.



Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). Dante’s inferno: Seven deadly sins in scientific publishing and how to avoid them. Addiction Science: A Guide for the Perplexed, 267.

Cheney, L. D. G. (2016). Illustrations for Dante’s Inferno: A Comparative Study of Sandro Botticelli, Giovanni Stradano, and Federico Zuccaro. Cultural and Religious Studies4(8), 487.

Verdicchio, M. (2015). Irony and Desire in Dante’s” Inferno” 27. Italica, 285-297.