Discussion (at least 250 words). Complete both of the following:
Download and complete the following “Self-assessment checklist for personnel providing behavioral health services and supports to children, youth and their families (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.” developed by the National Center for Cultural Competence at Georgetown University. If you do not currently work with patients, answer based on your sense of what you would do in a practice setting. Do not share your completed checklist in the discussion section.
For your discussion post, select one point from each of the three subheadings of the checklist 1) Physical Environment, Materials & Resources, 2) Communication Styles, 3) Values and Attitudes; and talk about whether you think the point you select is counter-intuitive, particularly crucial for effective practice, unnecessary, or any other reaction you might have to it.
Be sure to carefully read the seminal paper “Multicultural counseling competencies and standards: A call to the profession” from this week’s reading list. (Note that this paper is quite old, and some of the terminology and ideas would be considered archaic or insensitive today, but, ironically, the paper represented a moment of self-reflection and self-awareness for an entire profession.

As part of the grade for this assignment, each student must also post a response to, comment on, question about or peer-review of at least two classmates’ posts. If the conversation is interesting to all involved, you are welcome to keep the discussion going beyond two responses. At least two of your response posts must be at least 100 words each.

NOTE ON PLAGIARISM: Do not copy and paste information from other sources and present it as your own work. Cases of plagiarism or other violations of academic integrity and will result in a grade of zero. For more information, please see the Syllabus.

NOTE ON REFERENCES: Every discussion post must include a list of references. You must cite and properly format the sources of any data and other information you present in your writing. Responses must use in-text citations or quotation marks. Citations and reference lists must be formatted using the latest edition of APA (American Psychological Association) Formatting.

NOTE ON RUBRIC: Please view the attached rubric to see the criteria used to grade the discussion (select the star to the top right, and select “show rubric” from the dropdown list). Please make your initial web post in time to allow your classmates to also post their responses before the deadline (see rubric for specifics regarding optimal timing of web posts).

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Sample Solution

Sample solution

Dante Alighieri played a critical role in the literature world through his poem Divine Comedy that was written in the 14th century. The poem contains Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso. The Inferno is a description of the nine circles of torment that are found on the earth. It depicts the realms of the people that have gone against the spiritual values and who, instead, have chosen bestial appetite, violence, or fraud and malice. The nine circles of hell are limbo, lust, gluttony, greed and wrath. Others are heresy, violence, fraud, and treachery. The purpose of this paper is to examine the Dante’s Inferno in the perspective of its portrayal of God’s image and the justification of hell. 

In this epic poem, God is portrayed as a super being guilty of multiple weaknesses including being egotistic, unjust, and hypocritical. Dante, in this poem, depicts God as being more human than divine by challenging God’s omnipotence. Additionally, the manner in which Dante describes Hell is in full contradiction to the morals of God as written in the Bible. When god arranges Hell to flatter Himself, He commits egotism, a sin that is common among human beings (Cheney, 2016). The weakness is depicted in Limbo and on the Gate of Hell where, for instance, God sends those who do not worship Him to Hell. This implies that failure to worship Him is a sin.

God is also depicted as lacking justice in His actions thus removing the godly image. The injustice is portrayed by the manner in which the sodomites and opportunists are treated. The opportunists are subjected to banner chasing in their lives after death followed by being stung by insects and maggots. They are known to having done neither good nor bad during their lifetimes and, therefore, justice could have demanded that they be granted a neutral punishment having lived a neutral life. The sodomites are also punished unfairly by God when Brunetto Lattini is condemned to hell despite being a good leader (Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). While he commited sodomy, God chooses to ignore all the other good deeds that Brunetto did.

Finally, God is also portrayed as being hypocritical in His actions, a sin that further diminishes His godliness and makes Him more human. A case in point is when God condemns the sin of egotism and goes ahead to commit it repeatedly. Proverbs 29:23 states that “arrogance will bring your downfall, but if you are humble, you will be respected.” When Slattery condemns Dante’s human state as being weak, doubtful, and limited, he is proving God’s hypocrisy because He is also human (Verdicchio, 2015). The actions of God in Hell as portrayed by Dante are inconsistent with the Biblical literature. Both Dante and God are prone to making mistakes, something common among human beings thus making God more human.

To wrap it up, Dante portrays God is more human since He commits the same sins that humans commit: egotism, hypocrisy, and injustice. Hell is justified as being a destination for victims of the mistakes committed by God. The Hell is presented as being a totally different place as compared to what is written about it in the Bible. As a result, reading through the text gives an image of God who is prone to the very mistakes common to humans thus ripping Him off His lofty status of divine and, instead, making Him a mere human. Whether or not Dante did it intentionally is subject to debate but one thing is clear in the poem: the misconstrued notion of God is revealed to future generations.



Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). Dante’s inferno: Seven deadly sins in scientific publishing and how to avoid them. Addiction Science: A Guide for the Perplexed, 267.

Cheney, L. D. G. (2016). Illustrations for Dante’s Inferno: A Comparative Study of Sandro Botticelli, Giovanni Stradano, and Federico Zuccaro. Cultural and Religious Studies4(8), 487.

Verdicchio, M. (2015). Irony and Desire in Dante’s” Inferno” 27. Italica, 285-297.