Using the English Language Proficiency (ELP) Standards from Arizona, select the stage for a grade level of your choice. Based on the Common Core Standards’ English Language Arts (ELA) performance objectives or the English Language Arts Standards from your state, create a learning activity that is aligned with a learning objective at the basic proficiency level on the ELP standards for each of the following domains: 1.Listening and Speaking 2.Reading 3.Writing
Account for language acquisition principles within the design of your activities.
Include a 250-500 word rationale that describes how each activity addresses the characteristics of the ELL at the basic level and how language acquisition principles have been accounted for within your design. Include ideas for strategies to differentiate these activities for students in the pre-production and early production stages.
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is a progression of birth imperfections, for example, physical, mental, social and learning issues caused by the mother drinking liquor amid pregnancy. Kenneth Jones and David Smith at the University of Washington in Seattle authoritatively distinguished Fetal Alcohol Syndrome in 1973 (Golden 1). The correct reasons certain embryos are influenced and others are not, will be not completely comprehended. CDC reports express that 0.2 to 1.5 for every 1000 children are conceived every year in the United States with liquor related birth absconds (CDC 1). Fetal Alcohol Syndrome can be averted with training. Indeed, even little changes in training and conduct can diminish the danger of ladies bringing forth pampers with fetal liquor disorder. Ladies have been drinking for quite a long time not knowing or understanding the impacts that liquor had on their infants. A few ladies that drink don't know they are pregnant and may unconsciously and unexpectedly prompt harm to the unborn and creating infant. At that point there are the ladies that are dependent on liquor. The drive can be more grounded for the liquor than for the wellbeing of herself or her unborn child. Instruction, conduct adjustment and detoxification are regions of progress expected to help with counteractive action of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. At the point when liquor is expended it is ingested into the mother's circulatory system and went through the placenta and into the focal sensory system of the embryo. Liquor discourages the focal sensory system of the embryo. Liquor is a powerful teratogen. A teratogen is any substance which has been demonstrated to cause birth abandons. It isn't completely known whether it is the liquor or acetaldehyde, which is a breakdown item from liquor, which causes birth abandons. How the harm happens isn't totally seen, yet liquor creates a glucose and oxygen deficiency for the baby (Spong 1). There is expanded hazard for premature delivery, stillbirth, and birth abandons in ladies that drink, particularly in the principal trimester. Additionally, the measure of liquor admission can duplicate the odds of these impacts. The organs of the hatchling start creating between three to ten weeks. Liquor may influence the creating organs, for example, the heart, cerebrum and focal sensory system. In view of the impact on the mind, liquor can cause mental impediment. Harm to the cerebrum can happen whenever amid the pregnancy since the mind creates for each of the nine months and past birth (Belfort 2006). The impacts of the liquor can fluctuate in scope of seriousness and parts of the anantomy. A few children are conceived with development inadequacies because of the liquor utilization amid pregnancy. They are short long, under weight, and have little heads (Wong). Facial variations from the norm incorporate little eye openings, hanging eyelids, skin overlap over the internal corners of the eyes, a smoothed or missing extension of the nose, immature philtrum, thin upper lip, congenital fissure, and congenital fissure (Wong). There are real organ deserts, particularly of the heart, for example, septal deformities, quadruplicate of Fallot, and patent ductus arteriosus (Wong). They may have issues with their respiratory framework, for example, apnea, pneumonic hypertension and SIDS. Renal variations from the norm incorporate aplastic, dysplastic, hypoplastic kidneys, horseshoe kidneys, ureteral duplications, and hydronephrosis (Wong 844). They may have joint and appendage irregularities. A portion of the skeletal anomalies are confinement of development, adjusted palmar wrinkle designs, hypoplastic nails, abbreviated digits, radionulnar synostosis, flexion contractures, pectus excavaum and carinatum, Klippei-Feil disorder, hemivertebrae, and scoliosis (Fry-Johnson 42) . Deformity of the Eustachian tube, conductive hearing misfortune and nuerosensory hearing misfortune are some sound-related imperfections. They have a tendency to have incessant ear contaminations. They tend to be more vulnerable to diseases (Wong 844). Lack of healthy sustenance is a hazard factor for ladies that drink and can prompt birth surrenders. Lack of healthy sustenance can cause low birth weight, development impediment, fetal harm, and is an expanded hazard for unconstrained fetus removal and stillbirth. There are a few purposes behind the hunger. In the first place, heavy drinkers lean toward liquor over nourishment in this way the admission of required supplements is poor. At that point there is diminish assimilation and digestion of supplements. Ladies that drink can be lacking in numerous vitamins and minerals, for example, vitamin B6, folic corrosive, riboflavin, thiamine, vitamin K, iron, magnesium and zinc. Insufficiency in vitamin B6 can result in a clubfoot, congenital fissure and sense of taste. Folate corrosive lacks are identified with neural tube deserts and orofacial surrenders. Riboflavin lack may influence inability to develop, flourish and create. Absence of thiamine has been found to cause heart abandons. Disfigurements identified with vitamin K insufficiency are abbreviated fingers, measured ears, level nasal scaffolds, and immature nose, mouth and mid face. Infants that are conceived press inadequate are frequently littler and shorter. Insufficiency in zinc has been connected to disabled development and improvement. Zinc insufficiency has been identified with bring down invulnerability in newborn children and anomalies of the sensory system that prompt learning challenges and mental hindrance (Anderson 3). As indicated by an article by Mary J. O'Connor in the American Journal of Drug and Alcohol mishandle, youngsters with fetal liquor disorder may demonstrate psychological and consideration deficiencies, expanded movement levels, issues in hindrance and state direction, perseverative conduct, and expressive dialect and engine issues. These issues may last into and all through adulthood. They may experience issues, for example, holding in newborn children and melancholy in 4-multi year olds. There have been reports of melancholy, nervousness, psychosis, physical protests, wrongdoing, hyperactivity and rest issue. O'Connor additionally reports in an examination done on 473 individuals that were prenatally presented to liquor 44% were determined to have real depressive issue, 40% had crazy issue, and 20% had bipolar disorders(Women's Health1). Concentrates on pre-birth liquor presentation and connection to IQ indicate changing severities. It was noticed that a few youngsters for obscure reasons are more helpless than others to the impacts of liquor. An article in Journal of School Health by Jennifer H. Green reports on an audit of concentrates done demonstrating a normal IQ for individuals with fetal liquor disorder at 65.73 with a scope of 20-120 (Green 1). Fetal liquor disorder is a preventable issue. General society should be instructed on the impacts liquor can have on an unborn youngster and that no measure of liquor is protected amid pregnancy. The impacts from liquor ingestion amid pregnancy can extend in seriousness and endure forever. Human services laborer must instruct and inform all females inside childbearing years regarding the potential damage to the baby. Amid pregnancy it is never past the point where it is possible to stop and decrease the hazard to the hatchling. Eventually it is up to the mother to finish these admonitions and exhortation. Work Citied>GET ANSWER