Choose 3 of the following questions and respond.

1) What are the Major Ethical Issues in Group Counseling that have been consistently identified in the literature?

2) What is Informed Consent? What information should be given in writing to potential group members does the ASGW (2008) “Best Practice Guidelines” suggest?

3) Create a professional Informed Consent disclosure statement for group members of a Psycho-Educational group. What part of your should be given to your group at the first meeting of the group and what could be can best be addressed after some therapy has transpired. How would you explain both the potential benefits and the risks of group therapy in the Informed Consent disclosure statement? What are some of the possible risks of therapeutic groups? Describe in detail. What are ways of reducing these risks? How can a contract minimize psychological risks in groups?

4) When group participation is mandatory, much effort needs to be directed toward clearly and fully informing members? What needs to be considered when group participation is mandatory? How would a group leader deal with issues of trust in groups where participation is mandatory? Are the rights of participants different in mandatory participation groups?

5) How would you prevent a group member from leaving a group prematurely? What are some fears group members might have that could be addressed in the group?

6) It is especially important because in leading a group you must not only keep the confidences of members but also get the members to keep one another’s confidences. In group therapy it may not be possible to prevent some members from disclosing personal information about others in the group. Give an example of an ethical breach of confidentiality involving a member disclosing personal information.

7) Wheeler and Bertram (2012) point out that the risk of breach of confidentiality is heightened in situations if members of a counseling group engage in social media. How should Group counselors establish ground rules to address the parameters of online behavior? How can group counselors help educate group members to avoid unintentionally breaching confidentiality? Group leaders do well to express the importance of maintaining confidentiality. What steps beyond a contact should be taken?

8) How would you as a group leader explain the ethical and legal responsibilities of the potential consequences of breaching confidentiality of group members?





Sample Solution

Sample solution

Dante Alighieri played a critical role in the literature world through his poem Divine Comedy that was written in the 14th century. The poem contains Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso. The Inferno is a description of the nine circles of torment that are found on the earth. It depicts the realms of the people that have gone against the spiritual values and who, instead, have chosen bestial appetite, violence, or fraud and malice. The nine circles of hell are limbo, lust, gluttony, greed and wrath. Others are heresy, violence, fraud, and treachery. The purpose of this paper is to examine the Dante’s Inferno in the perspective of its portrayal of God’s image and the justification of hell. 

In this epic poem, God is portrayed as a super being guilty of multiple weaknesses including being egotistic, unjust, and hypocritical. Dante, in this poem, depicts God as being more human than divine by challenging God’s omnipotence. Additionally, the manner in which Dante describes Hell is in full contradiction to the morals of God as written in the Bible. When god arranges Hell to flatter Himself, He commits egotism, a sin that is common among human beings (Cheney, 2016). The weakness is depicted in Limbo and on the Gate of Hell where, for instance, God sends those who do not worship Him to Hell. This implies that failure to worship Him is a sin.

God is also depicted as lacking justice in His actions thus removing the godly image. The injustice is portrayed by the manner in which the sodomites and opportunists are treated. The opportunists are subjected to banner chasing in their lives after death followed by being stung by insects and maggots. They are known to having done neither good nor bad during their lifetimes and, therefore, justice could have demanded that they be granted a neutral punishment having lived a neutral life. The sodomites are also punished unfairly by God when Brunetto Lattini is condemned to hell despite being a good leader (Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). While he commited sodomy, God chooses to ignore all the other good deeds that Brunetto did.

Finally, God is also portrayed as being hypocritical in His actions, a sin that further diminishes His godliness and makes Him more human. A case in point is when God condemns the sin of egotism and goes ahead to commit it repeatedly. Proverbs 29:23 states that “arrogance will bring your downfall, but if you are humble, you will be respected.” When Slattery condemns Dante’s human state as being weak, doubtful, and limited, he is proving God’s hypocrisy because He is also human (Verdicchio, 2015). The actions of God in Hell as portrayed by Dante are inconsistent with the Biblical literature. Both Dante and God are prone to making mistakes, something common among human beings thus making God more human.

To wrap it up, Dante portrays God is more human since He commits the same sins that humans commit: egotism, hypocrisy, and injustice. Hell is justified as being a destination for victims of the mistakes committed by God. The Hell is presented as being a totally different place as compared to what is written about it in the Bible. As a result, reading through the text gives an image of God who is prone to the very mistakes common to humans thus ripping Him off His lofty status of divine and, instead, making Him a mere human. Whether or not Dante did it intentionally is subject to debate but one thing is clear in the poem: the misconstrued notion of God is revealed to future generations.



Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). Dante’s inferno: Seven deadly sins in scientific publishing and how to avoid them. Addiction Science: A Guide for the Perplexed, 267.

Cheney, L. D. G. (2016). Illustrations for Dante’s Inferno: A Comparative Study of Sandro Botticelli, Giovanni Stradano, and Federico Zuccaro. Cultural and Religious Studies4(8), 487.

Verdicchio, M. (2015). Irony and Desire in Dante’s” Inferno” 27. Italica, 285-297.