-Why do Americans expect so much of their leaders?
-Are Army leaders living up the professional standards in ADP 1?
-Given the recent lapses in moral behavior amongst senior military
leaders, what can be done to prevent leaders from acting in ways
detrimental to public trust of the Army profession?
-How can recognizing the Profession of Arms as a true profession
strengthen one’s resolve to act ethically?
– Which of the five characteristics of a profession encourage ethical
behavior in members of the profession? How do they do that?
– Are the Army’s professional certification requirements adequate to
ensure that most of its members engage in ethical behavior? If not,
what changes would you make?
-How does Army culture influence senior leaders’ ethical behavior?
-Do the Army’s current programs and strategies adequately address
current issues (i.e., sexual harassment, sexual assault, senior leader
ethics, suicide prevention, hazing, fraternization, substance abuse,
EEO and resilience)? Why or why not? What changes would you
(Note:Use attached Chapter 2 ADP1 and https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OC–Q-9asEg#action=share as references)

Question 2:Investing in Character Development
Address ALL the bullets and questions below in an orginal post to the forum. Then, respond to at least two other postings. In your responses, please refer to the ethics readings (from any of the ethics modules) or other credible sources as appropriate:

-Describe your own character development by rating yourself at a
level and stage on the Kohlberg scale. Explain why you believe you fit
that particular level and stage.
-In their article, “What Does Contemporary Science Say About Ethical
Leadership?” Barnes and Doty discuss the importance of ethical
leadership in the military. What can you take away from this article
and apply in your own career, especially relative to where you are on
the Kohlberg scale?
-Applying the concepts and principles from this lesson, describe how
you plan to invest in developing yourself as a senior leader, and how
you can mentor others to be leaders of character.
(Note:Use attached Contemporary Science & Ethics, ADRP 6-22-2-1 Chapter 3 and Kohlberg Summary attachments)

Question 3:Honoring the Public Trust
Second, in the forum below address at least one of the following bullets. Apply concepts, principles and perspectives from the readings as well as your own insights, experiences and lessons learned. Also respond to at least two other initial postings. Be sure to refer to the readings in your responses as appropriate.

-Analyze Dan Ariely’s perspective about the natural tendency to lie
and cheat.
-What is unique about senior military leader experiences that tempt
them to be dishonest?
-How does dishonesty from senior military leaders undermine
honoring the public trust?
-How does dishonesty and unethical conduct impact internal and
external trust relationships?
-What are the underlying cultural factors in Army environments that
affect public trust?




Sample Solution

Sample solution

Dante Alighieri played a critical role in the literature world through his poem Divine Comedy that was written in the 14th century. The poem contains Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso. The Inferno is a description of the nine circles of torment that are found on the earth. It depicts the realms of the people that have gone against the spiritual values and who, instead, have chosen bestial appetite, violence, or fraud and malice. The nine circles of hell are limbo, lust, gluttony, greed and wrath. Others are heresy, violence, fraud, and treachery. The purpose of this paper is to examine the Dante’s Inferno in the perspective of its portrayal of God’s image and the justification of hell. 

In this epic poem, God is portrayed as a super being guilty of multiple weaknesses including being egotistic, unjust, and hypocritical. Dante, in this poem, depicts God as being more human than divine by challenging God’s omnipotence. Additionally, the manner in which Dante describes Hell is in full contradiction to the morals of God as written in the Bible. When god arranges Hell to flatter Himself, He commits egotism, a sin that is common among human beings (Cheney, 2016). The weakness is depicted in Limbo and on the Gate of Hell where, for instance, God sends those who do not worship Him to Hell. This implies that failure to worship Him is a sin.

God is also depicted as lacking justice in His actions thus removing the godly image. The injustice is portrayed by the manner in which the sodomites and opportunists are treated. The opportunists are subjected to banner chasing in their lives after death followed by being stung by insects and maggots. They are known to having done neither good nor bad during their lifetimes and, therefore, justice could have demanded that they be granted a neutral punishment having lived a neutral life. The sodomites are also punished unfairly by God when Brunetto Lattini is condemned to hell despite being a good leader (Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). While he commited sodomy, God chooses to ignore all the other good deeds that Brunetto did.

Finally, God is also portrayed as being hypocritical in His actions, a sin that further diminishes His godliness and makes Him more human. A case in point is when God condemns the sin of egotism and goes ahead to commit it repeatedly. Proverbs 29:23 states that “arrogance will bring your downfall, but if you are humble, you will be respected.” When Slattery condemns Dante’s human state as being weak, doubtful, and limited, he is proving God’s hypocrisy because He is also human (Verdicchio, 2015). The actions of God in Hell as portrayed by Dante are inconsistent with the Biblical literature. Both Dante and God are prone to making mistakes, something common among human beings thus making God more human.

To wrap it up, Dante portrays God is more human since He commits the same sins that humans commit: egotism, hypocrisy, and injustice. Hell is justified as being a destination for victims of the mistakes committed by God. The Hell is presented as being a totally different place as compared to what is written about it in the Bible. As a result, reading through the text gives an image of God who is prone to the very mistakes common to humans thus ripping Him off His lofty status of divine and, instead, making Him a mere human. Whether or not Dante did it intentionally is subject to debate but one thing is clear in the poem: the misconstrued notion of God is revealed to future generations.



Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). Dante’s inferno: Seven deadly sins in scientific publishing and how to avoid them. Addiction Science: A Guide for the Perplexed, 267.

Cheney, L. D. G. (2016). Illustrations for Dante’s Inferno: A Comparative Study of Sandro Botticelli, Giovanni Stradano, and Federico Zuccaro. Cultural and Religious Studies4(8), 487.

Verdicchio, M. (2015). Irony and Desire in Dante’s” Inferno” 27. Italica, 285-297.