Write a 3000 words essay that critically evaluates the design and conduct of a health needs assessment of a community or group with a specific illness/issue that you have designed, demonstrating that you have met the learning outcomes.
The essay is an opportunity to develop a systematic and comprehensive critical discussion of a community/group health needs assessment.
Identify the specific population or group and critically interpret the epidemiological and demographic data about the health issue and social determinants of health.
Develop a sound argument for the choices that you make in terms of identifying and prioritising the health needs.
Provide a rational for your chosen method of health needs assessment.
Critically appraise your choice/process i.e. what works and what are the barriers to success. How can they be challenged?
Asbestos in structures - current status Presentation Asbestos has been utilized for over 2,000 years. It was named by the Ancient Greeks, its name signifying "inextinguishable". And still, at the end of the day the Greeks noticed the unsafe effects of asbestos, as they saw the slaves that wove the asbestos into material frame had created respiratory issues subsequent to concentrate their lungs. (asbestosresource) The asbestos filaments fall into two kinds, amphiboles and serpentines. The blue and dark colored asbestos filaments fall into the amphibole gathering. They fall into this gathering since they are mixes of metal silicates which comprise of short and sharp filaments. Hence they have the capacity of staying inside the human body for drawn out stretches of time. Additionally consequently this gathering of asbestos is more risky than the white fibred asbestos. (asbestoswatchdog) Today asbestos is a general term that is given to various normally happening silicate minerals. There are six types of asbestos the three that are not exceptionally basic are known as actinolite, anthophyllite, and tremolite. Among the six normally happening minerals there are three fundamental types of asbestos which are known as Chrysotile, Crocidolite and Amosite. Else they are referred to in an indistinguishable request from white, blue and dark colored. In 1999 The Asbestos Prohibition Regulations restricted the utilization of every single new type of this material. There has been a slow decrease in the utilization of asbestos from the mid 1960s. Despite the fact that a high number of structures have had the asbestos evacuated and afterward supplanted with a more appropriate material, there is as yet a high number of structures that still contain asbestos and a large portion of it is has stayed undetected. (Eclipsescientific) Asbestos has numerous properties and therefore it was generally utilized. Quality Incombustibility Use as a coupling specialist Protection from high temperatures Protection from electrical current Protection from acids and salts Assimilates sound (Asbestos-answers) It can be seen unmistakably why asbestos was utilized on such a wide scale, taking a gander at the properties it was by all accounts the main material that had such an assortment and was additionally accessible on an expansive scale. Asbestos has one of a kind elasticity and adaptability from its filaments and it is thus that it was utilized as a part of the primary spot. These strands are too little to be seen by the exposed eye. The capacity of the asbestos strands to flex enables them to be woven, however it is harder to weave the amphibole assemble due to there inflexibility. Then again the serpentine gathering was utilized more because of its adaptability. There is no straightforward test to perceive the diverse kinds of strands, and this judgment can't be made on shading alone, however it requires a lab test to discover which sort of asbestos it is that they are managing. More will be talked about on how the tests are done and the kinds of tests that are utilized later on in this report. Every one of these types of asbestos are known to be exceptionally risky to human wellbeing and can make sicknesses which there is no cure. The way the asbestos enters the body is through the inward breath of the filaments, these strands at that point rest in the lower some portion of the lungs where they can lay for a long time. These strands can't be assimilated through the skin. Because of the span of the strands they must be seen through a magnifying lens, and there measure likewise enables them to enter profound into the lungs, this can cause respiratory illnesses or a few sorts of disease. "The main asbestos related maladies are that of: asbestosis (fibrosis) scarring of the lungs; mesothelioma - a growth of the internal covering of the chest divider or stomach cavity; lung tumor; and diffuse pleural thickening - a non-harmful ailment in which the coating of the lung (pleura) winds up scarred." (13/11/07, healthandsafetytips) The kinds of asbestos containing materials found in household properties are probably going to be in conduits, get to boards, roof tiles, segments and so on. These if as yet existing in residential structures will be discovered 1960's and 1970's assembled lodging. The greater part of the materials containing asbestos seem to be like those materials that don't contain asbestos. In the event that the materials that contain asbestos are in great condition they can be left set up and oversaw, yet in the event that they are harmed unsafe filaments can be discharged which must be expelled just by an endorsed contractual worker. Asbestos being an extremely risky material just ends up unsafe when it is airborne and the filaments are breathed in. Today the sorts of business structures that asbestos may in any case stay in are the ones that were renovated in the middle of 1950 and 1980 as this was the pinnacle time that the asbestos was utilized as a part of structures. What will make it more probable for the working to contain asbestos is if the building had a steel outline and contained boilers with warm protection. Asbestos wasn't just utilized as a part of sheet shape and as a protection yet in addition as asbestos concrete which was utilized to cover dividers and so forth. The asbestos was likewise utilized as a part of the structures as a shower which was blended with hydrated asbestos concrete; this was then splashed on to a significant number of the auxiliary and non-basic individuals, so most of the building may contain asbestos in some shape. (HSE) Extra time the individuals and materials covered with asbestos shower may separate because of wear and tear this will bit by bit discharge asbestos strands into the air which due to their non unmistakable filaments could be breathed in along these lines causing medical issues. Before work is begun on a building any asbestos containing material bond, plasterboards and so on must be distinguished. Any work completed on asbestos containing material must be done by a HSE authorized contractual worker. (sutton.gov.uk) Asbestos 2.1– Types As specified in the prologue to this report there are six types of asbestos chrysotile, crocidolite, amosite, anthophyllite, tremolite, and actinolite. Of these six there are the three principle types of asbestos which are amosite (darker), chrysotile (white) and crocidolite (blue). The shades of these kinds of asbestos are not obvious to the human eye, so all the asbestos ought to be dealt with as similarly dangerous. Chrysotile or otherwise called white asbestos is acquired from rocks known as serpentines. This is the main sort of asbestos that have a place with this stone gathering. These stones are discovered ordinarily all through the world. This sort of asbestos is the just a single out of the others which has wavy adaptable filaments rather than alternate kinds of strands which are straight, sharp like a needle and some are even fragile. This is likewise the most well-known sort of asbestos as it represents around 90% of all the asbestos devoured over the world, when contrasted with alternate kinds. This is as yet the most regularly mined type of asbestos till today. (phhenv) This fiber is known to do minimal measure of harm to the lungs. This stringy material is made out of 40% silica and 40% magnesium, however these filaments have a decent warmth protection they can be annihilated by acids. Chrysotile has filaments which have a layered silicate structure. These layers can be viewed as made up from silicon iotas and every one of these particles is encompassed by four oxygen molecules at the corners which makes a relatively customary tetrahedron. At that point there are the magnesium iotas, of them each are encompassed by six oxygen molecules which makes a relatively consistent octahedron. These two are connected by the sharing of there basal oxygen iotas which at that point frames a ceaseless layer. Amosite asbestos is a piece of the amphiboles shake gathering; this is chiefly utilized as a fire resistant material inside warm protection material, for example, roof tiles. This dark colored asbestos is commonly utilized as a part of protecting materials. The precious stones in this kind of asbestos fluctuate and they can be level crystals, weak grains or long thin strings. The strings are usually found in normally happening groups. The more drawn out and more slender strands of amosite are fairly adaptable and bend to frame wide curves. These long wide curves of amosite strands at that point break into minor gatherings that result in sharp needle like filaments. The finishes of the strands are plane and don't have worn out or part closes, this is one of the fundamental attributes that separates amosite from chrysotile asbestos filaments. Broken packages likewise are regularly found and take after floor brush tails in appearance. Stays of the gem filaments can be perceived in some building assets that were produced with amosite. (davidcole) Crocidolite asbestos is one of the five kinds of amphibole asbestos; this implies the filaments in Crocidolite are comprised of mineral gems that resemble chains. Crocidolite is regularly called "blue asbestos," and happens normally in Australia, South Africa, Russia and Canada. Crocidolite was minimal kinds of asbestos utilized as a part of business items. Crocidolite filaments as a rule look somewhat like chrysotile strands however they are enigmatically more fragile. This type of asbestos is harder than some other part in the amphibole family. This is additionally a standout amongst the most cancer-causing strands as it incites the arrival of responsive oxygen species from phagocyte (cells that overwhelm and pulverize attacking living beings). This thus harms the cells DNA and as all cells are modified to bite the dust after a specific measure of time, the harmed DNA changes that and subsequently the cell will recreate wildly. This will in the long run outcome in danger and demonstrate the consequence of the cancer-causing properties of asbestos filaments. (carcin.oxfordjournals) The contemporary utilization of asbestos dates from the late 1800's the place incredible measures of asbestos stores were found in Canada. Tersely after this revelation business asbestos mine was opened in Russia. From that point forward the two previous specified nations have been the fundamental overall makers of chrysotile. There is no asbestos mined in the UK and the biggest asbestos maker on the planet is Russia. The fundamental wellsprings of asbestos that are foreign into the>GET ANSWER