Jail and prison are a part of life in America. How does incarceration impact families of those who are imprisoned? And how does it impact the rest of our society?
The video below provides a quick overview of how incarceration has changed in the United States over the last century. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1-kFNDIzL9k&feature=youtu.be
Now take a minute to check on the increase in incarceration where you live: http://trends.vera.org/#/
Make a note of the numbers you see in your county and surrounding counties.
Many people are unaware that a significant number of people are incarcerated each year due to poverty, minor municipal fines (for jaywalking, speeding, not mowing one’s lawn, not vaccinating a pet against rabies, open container, etc.), and the policy choice of privatizing fine collection. These fines have far-reaching impacts, including car loss, job loss, deepening poverty and desperation, escalation of minor misdemeanors into more significant charges, and sometimes to criminal behavior that might never have occurred if these enormous compounding fees had not been charged by private companies. The following John Oliver “Last Week Tonight” segment examines how this problem has developed (any student who may feel offended by a significant amount of bleeped out swearing and some vulgar humor in this segment should feel https://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2015/02/09/384968360/jail-time-for-unpaid-court-fi nes-and-fees-can-create-cycle-of-poverty
free to listen instead to a great National Public Radio segment on the same topic at this link https://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2015/02/09/384968360/jail-time-for-unpaid-court-fi nes-and-fees-can-create-cycle-of-poverty
free to listen instead to a great National Public Radio segment on the same topic at this link https://www.nprorg/sections/codeswitch/2015/02/09/384968360/jail-time-for-unpaid-court-fi nes-and-fees-can-create-cycle-of-poverty
We often think about incarceration as only impacting prisoners, but it has an enormous impact on family members, especially children. To learn more about the impact of incarceration on kids, read www.kccba.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/10/Initiative-CIP-Stats_Fact-Sheet2_Final_4-27-12.pdf and think carefully about each bullet point. Around the country, many people and organizations are working to address the needs of families with incarcerated members. One of the most comprehensive efforts to help children nationwide is https://sesamestreetincommunities.org/topics/incarceration/ Reviewing the tool kit resources listed on the page will give you a good idea of the issues families face, and how kids can be supported in the absence of a parent or parents.
Tips for Parents Guide to Parents and Caregivers (what caregivers can do to help kids through a parents incarceration) In My Family (a storybook for kids conveying key messages for kids of incarcerated parents) My Morning Routine Finally, watch at least 8 of the very short (most less than one minute) videos in the https://www.sesamestreet.org/parents/topicsandactivities/toolkits/incarceration#0 For your discussion post: Describe what you learned from the first video about how our prison population has changed in the United States over the past century? What other parts of our strategy for dealing with crime have received decreased funding as prison populations have grown? Which do you think are the most important ideas in the Osborne Association fact sheet ? In particular, did you notice any information that surprised you? What is your reaction to the John Oliver segment (or the alternative NPR audio link, if you listened to that instead)? Share at least 3 ideas you learned from the Sesame Street resources that you could use to help a child who has an incarcerated parent.
ositive and Negative Distinctiveness In the positive context people view their own group as better than similar groups that they see as slightly, or more inferior. The other side of the coin is when we minimize differences of other groups so that the group we identify with is perceived favorably. Social Creativity This concept within ‘comparison’ is where those groups that see themselves as having high status based upon “…particular dimensions…” utilize these aspects as their comparative base. Individuals from a lower status rationalize their group by placing emphasis on those values they see or believe are superior as justification for their way(s) of seeing and believing in what they think. The aforementioned examination of ‘Social Identity’ serves to provide an understanding of individual perceptions as well as interpretations which globalization influences and impacts upon. The preceding is extremely important in that it impacts individuals on many personal belief levels both subtly as well as dramatically, influencing and impacting upon them personally (at a local level). Social Conflict This basic human condition has its roots in the first individuals living in caves. They banded together as a result of family and social bonds forming a protective group for survival and physiological comfort. As these groups grew in numbers, they tested their ways of living and thinking (identification), with other groups and where the differences (in language communication, territory, hunting, etc.) were sufficient, conflict erupted. This forms the basis for this concept in that those groups as well as individuals with control and power over various “…materials as well as non-material resources…” tend to exploit those with the lesser of these components. The preceding is actualized either through the utilization of “…brute force…” and/or economics. Karl Marx (1848) stated that the process of social revolution is a result of class conflict with the powerful and rich exploiting the weak and poor. And this, when applied to globalization, explains how the influence and impact of more successful societies (in terms of commerce, social systems, philosophies, etc.) is stronger and thus changes those societies. The reverse of this process, meaning the weak and poor influence and impact upon the powerful and rich has less impact, therefore change at the lower level is in their favor. Social Policy A society needs order in which to operate and this is manifested by rules of acceptable behavior enacted into laws. These laws are control agents that can be either “…fair or unfair…” as well as “…good or bad…” and are consistently under scrutiny by members of society to have them changed or amended to fit the interest of their group identification thereby providing them with more power. And globalization adds to this as the net effects of commerce serve to enrich those in power who influence and enact the laws through their views to the public. The more progressive the society, the more the public helps to mold and shape the rules (laws) as the system under which the government operates has been molded to respond to public influences. This principle underscores advanced democratic societies. The clamor for public recognition has been provided by scores of internal revolutions. Fidel Castro’s accent to power was a result of public dissatisfaction with the old regime. And history has shown that in this instance that the lack of sufficient outside contact (globalization), has caused the populace economic repercussions. And the effects of globalization upon those who have left the borders of Cuba has been and is providing impetus to the population still there as these former citizens have seen and experienced a broader concept of life. And while this example does not provide much in terms of their ability to change or modify existing rules, Fidel Castro does make mild concessions in the understanding that holding onto power does require giving some (in this case small amounts and grudgingly) back. Globalization influences social policy in both directions as the powerful and rich, with their advantages of information access as well as involvement in commerce and the upper echelons of society are able to have their views and ideas reviewed as possible amendments to the law. And those at the lower rungs also seek the enactment of laws that benefit them. The effects of globalization influence both instances in that it impacts upon the way individuals see things as a result of new ideas, products, information and communication. As occupants on a sphere hurdling around a sun at 1,000 miles per hour the perception of countries, in terms of the human species, is an arcane concept. And globalization is proving this to be true. It is responsible for the demise of the former Soviet Union as that closed society had limited commerce options and this hampered their ability to complete with the financial resources of the free market system in financing its military debt. The slow build up of this debt financing pressure caused food lines and product shortages which the system (Soviet), in and of itself could not supply to its populace in sufficient quantities. And, it was the affects of globalization which contributed to the preceding. The education and exposure of the populace of a country means that the systems which govern that populace must also progress, change and modify itself in order to be representative of the human beings under its auspices. Failure to adhere to this basic tenet was the cause of the failure of Alexander’s conquests, as his succeeding generals where not able to effectively control what had been won. And this also spelled the end of the Roman Empire, Genghis Chan, as well as colonialism. The factor in all these equations is people and if their needs, wants and desires are not being met, they will eventually seek ways in which to acquire them, be it through a democratic process, or conflict. As governments have found that the unrest created by internal as well as external conflict usually weakens their hold on power, they have, or are coming to understand that they must accept change as an inevitable part of the process and either be responsive to it, or precede it. The broad scale of the preceding analysis does in fact apply to the localization of the consequences of globalization upon social identity, conflict and policy as governments preside over people and as history has shown, when the citizenry changes, so must the system which is supposed to be there to reflect their needs, wants and desires.>GET ANSWER