Cotten Seiler’s essay “African-American Automobility and Cold War Liberalism” is a real-world example of rhetorical analysis, and a useful model you can (ahem, should) refer to as you work on the RA. As you read, notice how the emphasis of Seiler’s argument is not just on the meaning of the guidebooks, but how these guidebooks help us understand something about America in the 1940s and 1950s. Notice also how Seiler integrates different kinds of sources to serve different purposes in his argument.
This exercise will help you learn how to break down an academic article. Please follow the directions carefully.
1) For each paragraph in Seiler’s essay, write a ONE-SENTENCE paraphrase of the main idea.
Number your list—there should be 31 sentences total.
2) Below EACH main idea, briefly summarize in your own words the main evidence the writer uses to support the main idea. BE SPECIFIC (1-2 sentences).
3) Below each summary, briefly describe what kind of evidence this is. For example:
• Historical description
• Explanation/definition of key concept
• Quotation/summary from primary source
• Argument from a secondary source
• Visual evidence
4) Next, describe how EACH paragraph contributes to the essay as a whole. For example:
• Introducing, defining, or explaining an important concept
• Providing background information (historical, cultural, intellectual context)
• Articulating a claim (thesis or supporting idea)
• Qualifying a claim (setting or conceding limits to the main idea)
• Analyzing or interpreting examples (from primary source or historical record)
• Citing an authority (argument from secondary source)
• Responding to an authority (counter-argument, rebuttal)
• Making a comparison (analysis)
• Making a generalization (analysis)
• Making an inference (X signals or implies Y–analysis)
• Establishing cause/effect (analysis)
• Transitioning to a new idea
• Explaining the argument’s significance (“the stakes” or “so what?”)
5) Choose the passage that you think best expresses Seiler’s main thesis and summarize it in your own words here.
6) Seiler’s article belongs to the genre of academic essay, which is written by a scholar for an audience of fellow scholars (in this case, American Studies). List at least five rhetorical strategies (or conventions of academic writing) that Seiler uses to establish his credibility/authority as an expert and persuade his audience of fellow experts.
*Hint: Scholars not only care about the quality of a writer’s ideas, but also the quality of the evidence supporting those ideas, and how that evidence is gathered, presented, and treated.
7) Finally, choose up to three passages that would be useful to quote or paraphrase if you were citing this essay in your own writing. Paste these passages here and explain briefly how they could be used to support a point you were making (see the list under #4).
Writing Review of Finance and Share Price Disclaimer: This work has been presented by an understudy. This isn't a case of the work composed by our expert scholastic scholars. You can see tests of our expert work here. Any feelings, discoveries, ends or proposals communicated in this material are those of the writers and don't really mirror the perspectives of UK Essays. Distributed: Tue, 02 Jan 2018 Writing REVIEW This investigation identifies with inspect the relationship of income from activities, procuring and deals with offer cost and the past research has anticipated the similar capacities of income, acquiring and deals yet this examination is just worried about the relationship of income, winning and deals with offer cost. In the back writing that market powers decide share value equivalent to the reduced estimation of a surge of expected future money streams (Hollister et al., 2002). Money streams speak to sums financial specialists hope to get as profit installments or from the offer of their offers and not really the yearly working money streams created by a firm. Therefore, it is in an extremely expansive sense that offer cost is considered to typify a company's future money streams. Regardless of whether share cost is frequently thought of and assessed as far as money streams, income is likewise known to be critical to supervisors and experts due to the key data it passes on about future prospects (Brigham and Ehrhardt, 2002). Different scientists analyzed an incentive as far as offer restore that Earnings mirror a more grounded relationship with offer return than does current working money streams (Watts, 1977; Dechow, 1994; Bartov et al, 1997) .It has been demonstrated that income better predicts future working money streams than does current working trade streams since accumulations out profit "counterbalance the negative connection in income changes to deliver income changes that are considerably less contrarily serially corresponded ( Dechow, et al 1998) that is the reason income, as opposed to current working money streams, has a tendency to be utilized in firm offer valuations. Income quality can be influenced by deals instability (Dechow and Dichev (2002) and Francis et al. (2004). Overall the more noteworthy the business instability, the more flimsy is the working condition. This outcomes in bigger estimation blunders for accumulations and lessened profit quality. It gives a thought regarding how month to month deals declarations of real division and markdown stores give data to financial specialists for the retail monsters as well as for their providers (Olsen and Dietrich (1985). The business volume declarations for the retailers outfit data on the future income prospects for their providers and, accordingly, are consolidated into the providers' offer costs. Dharan (1987) inspected the near capacities of accumulation deals and money accumulations of offers to foresee future money streams. It is discovered that when trade acknowledgment happens out a period resulting to deals acknowledgment, income gauges from profit dependent on gathering deals are superior to anything income estimates from income dependent on money accumulations. This is a direct result of accumulation deals "gives data on administration's assumptions regarding future money streams (Dharan, 1987). Greenberg, Johnson, and Ramesh (1986) utilized 1963-82 compustate information to test the capacity of income and CFFO to anticipate future CFFO, for each firm two separate conventional minimum squares relapse models were utilized. The primary model test utilized past income against current CFFO (profit show) and the second model utilized CFFO for slacks of 1-5 years against current CFFO (money streams model).R square for the income and money streams demonstrate were contrasted and the model and the higher R square was resolved to be the better indicator. The outcomes demonstrated that income beat CFFO in anticipating future CFFO. It was inferred that the examination gives proof in help of the FASB's affirmations that present profit is a superior indicator of future money streams than is present money streams. Juan M. Rivara(1996) discovered the exactness and the agreement among forecasters of income gauges for U.S. local and U.S. multinational partnerships, it was seen that the exactness of profit figures is altogether lower for absolutely local firms than for U.S based multinationals. Like insightful the level of accord in income gauges put together by budgetary examiners is fundamentally lower for U.S. household than for U.S. multinational firms. The bookkeeping calling necessitates that organizations disaggregate net pay into particular segments, despite the fact that income disaggregation is imperative for surveying firm benefit, there is minimal exact proof that the arrangement plot really enhances gainfulness estimates by dissecting the precision upgrades in out-of-test gauges of one-year ahead profit for value (ROE) to look at the prescient substance of profit disaggregations (Fairfield, Sweeney, and Yohn) .The outcomes demonstrate that the order conspire endorsed by the bookkeeping calling increases the prescient substance of announced income. It was discovered guaging enhancements from income disaggregation. These changes go past isolating exceptional things and suspended activities from alternate segments of income. Facilitate disaggregation of profit (into working income, non-working income and charges, and uncommon things) enhances conjectures of ROE one year ahead. (Ball and Watts (1972), Albrecht, Lookabill and McKeown (1977), Watts and Leftwich (1977) and Lev (1983) considered the Earnings capacity to foresee future income contemplated first or second request autocorrelations and additionally estimates more than a couple of year skylines and gave proof to help an arbitrary walk demonstrate that is uncorrelated profit changes, However, irregular walk may not be spellbinding of the profit procedure Where as Ramesh and Thiagarajan (1989) rejected an irregular walk profit model and Lipe and Kormendi (1993) demonstrate that higher request, as opposed to irregular walk, models are unmistakable of market-balanced income's opportunity arrangement process. Finger (1994) discovered the profit capacity to foresee future income and future income from operations1 one through eight years ahead utilizing yearly information from1935-87 for 50 firms. I utilize time-arrangement techniques to test firm-particular prescient capacity over the whole era (henceforth in-test relapse tests) and after that contrast out-of-test figure blunders with survey profit's capacity to enhance income or income gauges up to eight years ahead. He found that income are a critical indicator of future profit, in test, for 88% of the organizations. The arbitrary walk gives preferred out-of-test figures over do separately evaluated models one year ahead for 52% of the example firms, Out of test conjectures demonstrate that irregular walk models beat exclusively assessed income models for one-year yet not for four-or eight-year skylines. Income, utilized alone and with income, are a huge indicator of income for the lion's share of firms. In any case, out-of-test figures demonstrate that including income once in a while enhances income estimates. Income is a superior here and now indicator of income than are profit, both all through example, and the two are around identical long haul. The idea of the data contained in the accumulation and income segments of profit and the degree to which this data is reflected in stock costs Sloan (1996). It is discovered that acquiring execution inferable from the accumulation part of income displays bring down ingenuity than profit execution owing to the income segment of income, consequently results likewise showed that stock costs go about as though financial specialists "focus" on income, neglecting to recognize completely between the diverse properties of the gathering and income segments of income. Lorek and Willinger (1996) the time arrangement properties and prescient capacities of income information. Results show that this model obviously beats firm-particular and regular structure ARIMA models and in addition a multivariate, cross-sectional relapse display promoted in the writing. These discoveries are strong crosswise over elective income measurements (e.g., levels, per-share, and flattened by aggregate resources) and are reliable with the perspective embraced by the FASB that income forecast is improved by thought of profit and gathering bookkeeping information.>GET ANSWER