Critically reflect on the impact and effectiveness of collaborative working within mental health practice.
nhance autistic children’s communication in a socially meaningful way. A study was done that evaluated peer incidental teaching as a way to increase peer interactions by children with ASD (McGee, Almeida, Sulzer-Azaroff, and Feldman, 1992). The study gave a typical child something to say that would elicit a response from their peer with ASD (McGee et al., 1992). Three typical preschoolers were trained and paired with three children with ASD in a natural free play environment (McGee et al., 1992). There was adult supervision that was systematically faded throughout the sessions, which resulted in increase reciprocal interactions among the peers (McGee et al., 1992). Evidence showed that peer incidental teaching was effective in improving and enhancing reciprocal interactions among children with autism and their typical peers (McGee et al., 1992). Expansion of Incidental Teaching Methods Incidental teaching is the most common among speech and verbal words and phrases. It is proven to help a child engage with toys, respond in social settings, social tolerance of peers, and imitation of peers (McGee et al., 1999). Hart and Risley (1975) discussed that children were able to develop compound sentences on their own based on the teaching procedures of incidental teaching. Incidental teaching encourages the use of conversational language because of the use in generalized settings with different people (McGee & Daly, 2007). It is evident how successful incidental teaching is in the realm of functional language interactions. However, McGee, Krantz, and McClannahan (1986) completed an extension of incidental teaching procedures of Hart and Risley (1975) to teach reading instruction for autistic children. The study consisted of two autistic children, one who was five years old, and another who was thirteen years old (McGee et al., 1986). The study used visual discriminations of printed stimuli in response to auditory cues within the activity and the measurements were based on maintenance of sight-word reading skills, generalizations of visual discriminations to a reading understanding task, and a transfer of stimulus materials and response modes (McGee et al., 1986). There was a three level prompt system with a stimulus fading strategy where the teacher presented the word card(s) between the child and the item, after the child made an initiation (McGee et al., 1986). Generalization probes occurred throughout the baseline and after every fifth session, along with changes in the types of stimuli (McGee et al., 1986). For example, changes in the font style and font size were made on the card (McGee et al., 1986). The results exhibited that incidental teaching yields generalization to functional reading and comprehension skills; therefore, indicating that incidental teaching is a valid procedure to use for other skills other than vocal communication (McGee et al., 1986). McGee et al. (1983) discussed that incidental teaching is a procedure that can teach language skills and other adaptive skills concurrently. These skills could include meal preparation, leisure activities, or self-care skills (McGee et al., 1983). Incidental teaching is a very popular procedure among communication and has been proven very effective. It expands on the child initiation, so it is a good method for the child to understand the context of the word and/or phrase. However, not all children with autism make initiations that show clearly what they prefer or want, so it is difficult to use incidental teaching. Therefore, McGee et al. (1983) developed a modified inc>GET ANSWER