Write a 2–3 page paper in which you:
Examine five issues that the IT department is likely to face when it comes to supporting virtual teams.
Describe five advantages and five disadvantages of using virtual teams for the organizations described in the scenario.
Describe the challenges imposed by:
IT/IS national standards and propose how they could be handled or resolved.
Protocols and propose how they could be handled or resolved.
Procedures on virtual teams and propose how they could be handled or resolved.
Compare and contrast virtual teams and traditional teams with respect to communications, technology use, and team diversity.
rath.M, Isotype Booklet Nigeria, 1955 This was the only time the Isotype principles were tested outside of Europe. It presented evidence that a pictographic approach to communication improved understanding, although the pictographic depictions needed to be adapted to the culture and society of Nigeria. In order for a language to be universal it needs to be adapted through interpretation and understanding of the image by the reader, rather than dictated by the author. (QUOTE) If the style of an image is adapted to a new reader then the new version wouldn’t hold the same associations and representations of something such as a home, to the original reader. Isotype showed that image combined with text broadens understanding within a society with information sharing and understanding. One of the key principles within the movement was designed by Neurath and his lead graphic designer, Gerd Arntz, who is responsible for the majority of Isotype’s famous work. The principle explained that the best way to visualise comparison data, such as the amount of marriages on two respective years (fig.3), was to have a long row of repeated pictograms rather than an enlarged one to show that there were many marriages that year. These principles still work today within information design, and helped develop a symbolic language of communication. Would these principles help the development of an exclusively pictographic language? fig.3 Illustrations from Otto Neurath, International Picture Language, London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co., 1936 Neurath never intended on making Isotype a language, rather to develop a way of simplifying information to allow everyone an equal system of learning (Neurath.O, 2010). Isotype helped kickstart the use of pictograms in everyday life, however, it did not develop a language that could be shared across the world. Many symbols created by Arntz act universally, and his visual style helped develope many pictograms we use today. However, the majority of Isotype infographics share the common need for text and are designed to be read at face value. Instead of linearly putting a symbol after another, Arntz combined symbols to change their meaning. This meant that a pictogram could be adaptable with added features. (fig 4.) An icon of a man with an icon of a cog equals a factory worker. However this leaves little for interpretation, as the combined symbols still hold their original meaning, just in an altered context. If the reader subsequently knows the symbols, interpretation is needed as to not read the information literally. If the symbols for male and female had an electric fuse symbol between them, it would not mean an actual fuse but imply that a relationship is on edge at the point of breaking (Munari.B, 1966). The id>GET ANSWER