- Watch: https://youtu.be/pcHnL7aS64Y
- Read and Review this essay about this work: http://www.classicalnotes.net/columns/silence.html
- Watch the performance: choose one of these:
Austin Civic Orchestra
4’33” John Cage (Orchestra with Soloist, K2Orch, Live
- Complete the following in 300 words minimum:
Please number your paragraphs and make sure you do all four; do not write one long paragraph.
State the definition of music you mentioned at the beginning of the semester and explain why this piece is or isn’t music to you. Be specific. (My Definition of Music: Music is something that you feel and touches your emotions)
Has this module (or this class) changed/reinforced your personal definition of music? How?
List the elements of music (Beat and Meter, Dynamics, Harmony, and Melody). Reflect on how at least three of the elements are or are not manipulated in this piece. How do the presence of certain elements and lack of other elements impact the piece’s success? Please be SPECIFIC.
Referring to the interview with Cage and the essay on the work, what is your reaction to Cage’s ideas about silence? What is your emotional and intellectual response to this piece?
Media is considered an integral part of daily life as we are constantly subject to being an audience to different forms of media platforms. Through market forces the media system is economically structured in such a way that it produces systemic biases, causing journalist and reporters to internalize presuppositions about the world producing ideological conformity without the need of coercion. The propaganda model attempts to explain the relationship between the so called ‘free press’ and the media elites. This essay contends to unravel the relevance of the five filters of the propaganda model and how applicable this theory it in contemporary society as opposed to when it was first introduced. Edward Herman and Noam Chomsky’s 1988 book titled ‘Manufacturing Consent’ claimed that media behavior is driven by a variety of variables that extend from both institutional and political pressures in a profit-driven system. As a direct contrast to the liberal standpoint that suggests journalism is incompatible and adversarial to the influence of elitism and established power. The propaganda theory introduced in 1988 maintains that media content will undeniably “serves the ends of the dominant elite” (Herman & Chomsky 1994, 1). As one of the most notable books of its time, ‘Manufacturing Consent’ contested the widespread belief of the impartial nature of the media. To remove the degree of democracy, the official structure of the propaganda theory stems from the agenda setting of corporate power selling audiences to different established power. When the theory was first introduced, it was considered ludicrous to imply large media institutions including CBS news, The New York Times and Time were vessels of propaganda that “depend heavily on elite information sources” (Herman, 2003, 114). In today’s modern society mistrust, disinformation and propaganda pervades the media, where there is a strong emphasis on denouncing the myth of democratic western media. The propaganda model when it was first introduced recognized patterns of media dependence supplied by official sources, for instance media reliance on military or government officials. Media circulated around fortifying a degree of public support particularly in cases of war, for example the 2003 media frenzy surrounding the false speculation of destructive arsenal in Iraq was all politically motivated to support the rise of the freedom agenda after the 9/11 attack on America or the US invasion of Iraq. Through the use of the five selective filters in the propaganda mod>GET ANSWER