Evaluate the effectiveness of strain theory, social learning theory, control theory, and labeling theory for explaining or understanding differences in rates of juvenile delinquency. Evaluate the crucial role of larger social forces, especially the economy, in reducing delinquency. Discuss the research on incapacitation, including the problems involving estimating the amount of crime prevented buy incapacitation. Distinguish between specific and general deterrence, and provide tentative conclusions about the effectiveness of each. Discussed the history of prevention and rehabilitation efforts in the United States, and indicate reasons why most prevention and rehabilitation programs are not properly evaluated Describe strategies that are designed to sanctioned juveniles more effectively, specifically comprehensive community-based strategies.

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