How can social and legislative changes help LGBT families?
are supposed to alleviate the occupants’ burden so that they can attain acceptable level of dwelling, but the current situation hardly caters to such needs. Even though the housing providers do have the motivation to carry out the maintainance and service, they tend to be financially burdened because the low-income tenants cannot pay for the energy and basic utilities fees in the first place (Sulaiman, et al. 2016). Overall, it is arguable that low-cost housing is prepared and designed in a way that they can simply accommodate former squatters so that the state governments will be able to achieve the Zero Squatter mission by 2020 (Tan 2011). Abdullah et al. (2017) argues that the government does not have a specific policy to reduce squatter settlements other than merely increasing the number of low-cost housing units, thereby ignoring various factors that tend to be important for the provision of such a housing in a long-run. As a result, many of the affordable housing programs and schemes face challenges such as “the mismatch between demand and supply, house price increase, lack of integrated planning and implementation, poor maintenance, and insufficient amenities” (ibid). This view is consistent with what Zaid (2015) states in his study: the housing affordability definition and its delivery in Malaysia overlook important matters such as the long-term operational costs (i.e. utility services and maintenance) and occupants’ satisfaction (i.e. construction quality). Thus, even though the low-cost housing programs do sell or rent the units below market price value backed up by the government’s subsidies, the overall quality of them tend to be substandard (ibid). Merely increasing the housing supply will not automatically make the houses affordable as a whole (Poon & Garratt 2012). Discussions and conclusion The current situation of low-cost housing provision in Malaysia therefore has serious problems not in the production of the units but in how they are allocated to the low-income people who are eligible for owning such houses (Shuid 2011). In other words, the programs fail to fully consider the end users’ satisfaction and needs that they end up creating a mismatch between the supplies and the demands (Abdullah, et al. 2017). The side effects of such a tendency can be seen as the following problems. There seem to be a huge gap in what people need and what>GET ANSWER