Do long words take longer to process than short words?
explain the background literature more deeply and in
organized sections to convince me that this research is needed. Every claim you make that is not
your own should be referenced, so you will need to use as many references as you need. Weave a wonderful story of all the background literature that butts up against your idea. You should make clear
what they have to do with your study, connect them to each other, and critique them.
Jule mentions a study statistic done by Mark Peters (2007) on the number of words used by women and those used by men in a single day. “Peter indicates that women use about 7000 words a day compared to only 2000 for men” (Jule, 2008, p. 27). Apart from the fact that females talk more, what is interesting is that the ‘speech’ they use varies considerably than that used by men. Women’s speech has been associated with the use of tag questions, super polite forms, affective adjectives, hedges, rising intonations and hypercorrect grammar. Tag questions are questions at the end of a sentence, like an utterance, often asking for an opinion, approval or confirmation, like ‘this dress is pretty, isn’t it?’ or similarly ‘don’t you?’ ‘haven’t we?’ are all questions tagged at the end of a sentence. Super polite forms refer to the “avoidance of swear-words and extensive use of euphemism. Euphemism is the use of veiled, indirect expression (for instance, saying passed away instead of died)” (Talbot, 1998, p. 39). These tend to make women’s language more standard and often higher in prestige compared to men. Hedges are filler items or an utterance like ‘you know’, ‘well’, ‘kind of’ or sounds like ‘hmm’ and ‘yeah’. These hedges are often a reason of misinterpretation amongst men and women. Since hedges are in a women’s use, men consider it to be a sign of agreement whereas when women do not see men using such hedges, they take it as if the men are not paying attention to what the speaker is saying (Yule, 2006). Affective adjectives are used in expressing approval, or admiration, many of which are used by women, words such as ‘divine’, ‘adorable’ and ‘charming’. Hypercorrect grammar, as stated by Lackoff, is simply to state that women tend to use more standardized forms, which implies that “they are more correct than they ought to be” (Talbot, 1998, p. 40). All these above mentioned characteristics are rarely heard from a man and are usually not a part of their speech. These characteristics also point to something else: interaction between and amongst the two genders.>GET ANSWER