An elderly, immune-suppressed woman was exposed to a coughing, sneezing child while waiting to be seen by her physician in a local health clinic. She subsequently died from measles.
Please answer the following questions:
1. What are the Major Problem and Secondary Issues based on this case study?
2. Who is the best person to reach to solve this problem?
3. What is the Organizational Strengths and Weaknesses? And possible solutions/recommendations?


Sample Answer

Sample Answer

Major Problem and Secondary Issues

The major problem in this case study is the spread of measles, which resulted in the death of an elderly immune-suppressed woman. The secondary issues include the lack of vaccination or immunization of the child, the potential negligence of the health clinic in allowing a contagious child to be in close proximity to vulnerable patients, and the vulnerability of the elderly and immune-suppressed individuals to infectious diseases.

Best Person to Reach

To solve this problem, it would be best to reach out to a combination of healthcare professionals, public health officials, and policymakers. Healthcare professionals, including physicians and nurses, can provide insight into the immediate medical needs of vulnerable populations and recommend preventive measures. Public health officials can provide expertise on disease surveillance, outbreak management, and vaccination campaigns. Policymakers can implement regulations and policies to ensure proper vaccination coverage and improve infection control measures in healthcare settings.

Organizational Strengths and Weaknesses

The organizational strengths in this case refer to the health clinic where the incident occurred. Strengths may include a dedicated staff, well-equipped facilities, and a focus on patient care. However, weaknesses are also evident, such as failing to enforce infection control protocols or screen patients for contagious diseases before allowing them into waiting areas.

Possible Solutions/Recommendations

Improve vaccination coverage: Public health authorities should intensify vaccination campaigns, targeting both children and adults. This will help prevent measles transmission and protect vulnerable populations.

Strengthen infection control measures: The health clinic should review and enhance their infection control protocols, including proper screening of patients for contagious diseases. This may involve implementing mandatory temperature checks or health questionnaires before allowing patients inside the clinic.

Enhance public education: Public health agencies should provide accurate and accessible information about measles and its potential risks. This can be done through public awareness campaigns, community outreach programs, and collaboration with schools and childcare centers.

Strengthen collaboration: Healthcare providers, public health officials, and policymakers should collaborate closely to develop comprehensive strategies to prevent measles outbreaks. This may involve regular meetings, sharing data and knowledge, and joint efforts in implementing preventive measures.

Review legal requirements: Policymakers should review existing laws and regulations regarding vaccination requirements for children attending schools or daycare centers. They should consider stricter enforcement and eliminate exemptions that may compromise herd immunity.

In conclusion, the major problem highlighted in this case study is the spread of measles resulting in the death of a vulnerable individual. To address this problem, it is crucial to engage healthcare professionals, public health officials, and policymakers in implementing preventive measures such as strengthening vaccination coverage, improving infection control measures, enhancing public education, promoting collaboration, and reviewing legal requirements. These actions are necessary to protect vulnerable populations from infectious diseases like measles.




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