What reasons and arguments did Martin Luther King give that nonviolent resistance offers the best tool for combating social injustice and making lasting progress? According to King, how did nonviolent direct-action movements work, and why did they offer the best chance for success?

5 typed double-spaces pages, answering an essay question by interpreting and using the contents of the relevant assigned book. (picture attached)

Based on Martin Luther King & Malcolm X book). Choose Just ONE.

What reasons and arguments did Martin Luther King give that nonviolent resistance offers the best tool for combating social injustice and making lasting progress? According to King, how did nonviolent direct-action movements work, and why did they offer the best chance for success?


Every student will be required to write one essay of approximately 5 or 6 typed double-spaces pages (about 250 words per page) in length, answering an essay question by interpreting and using the contents of the relevant assigned book.

1) clearly identify the question (issue & themes) being addressed by the essay, 2) clearly state your conclusions about them, and 3) use and cite specific examples and information from the book to establish and support your conclusions (i.e., use and interpret the book’s evidence to “prove” your conclusions).

Keep all of your essay focused and relevant. Do NOT insert much general, descriptive information about the topic not clearly related to the essay question. Only answer the question posed, and just discuss those parts of a document the directly contribute to answering it. Make sure that the reader can see the relevance of everything you discuss; explain to your reader the information’s significance to the question.

CITING SOURCES : YOU MUST CITE ANY INFORMATION BORROWED FROM YOUR SOURCE, whether directly Quoting or Paraphrasing them. The citation appears in parentheses following the quote, paraphrase, or information. In the first reference to the source, include the last name of the author (unless you have mentioned it immediately prior to your quote or other reference), brief title of the book or other writing, editor if any, and the page number. Put all this information in parentheses and put the sentence period after the last parenthesis. Here is an example :

“I have seen a negro beaten till some of his bones were broken, for even letting a pot boil over” (Equiano, Interesting Narrative, Allison, 109).

Paraphrase or Information:
Franklin claimed that he would not mind reliving his whole life again, so long as he could make some corrections in its second edition (Autobiography, Masur, 33).

If all subsequent essay citations are to the same source, you may just cite the page number, (33) for example, in all citations following the first one.

Tips for citing Howard-Pitney’s Martin Luther King and Malcolm X book: Always support the accuracy of your statements and conclusions about these leaders by using information and statements by them from the book’s historical documents. Base your argument on their own words. Don’t quote or cite very much the editor/author (Howard-Pitney)’s secondary statements about them, Base your answers on statements made by King and Malcolm that appear in the primary historical documents of our assigned book. Do Not use other books or internet collections of their speeches; use only our class’s book’s statements by King and Malcolm.

Whenever referring to a document’s contents–whether directly quoting it, paraphrasing it, or even just relaying its basic information–always cite your information’s source. Place in parentheses the page number of the book where its statement or information appears in a document. Give the author, short title, and page number of the document either within your own sentence’s writing, or place all or the rest of the required citation information in parentheses at your sentence’s end (just before the period).

Here are Examples of acceptable Citation Forms.

Quote: King wrote, “I am convinced for practical as well as moral reasons, nonviolence offers the only road to freedom” (Nonviolence: the Only Road to Freedom, 91).

Quote: In “Nonviolence: the Only Road to Freedom,” King stated he was “convinced for practical as well as moral reasons, nonviolence offers the only road to freedom” (91).

Paraphrase of a document’s content or information taken from it: King always held that using nonviolence was the most ethical and practical way to promote social justice (Nonviolence: the Only Road to Freedom, 91).

No matter which book you are using, Give complete bibliographical information for your book in the “Works Cited.” The works cited is on a separate page at the end of your paper. Center the word “Works Cited” at the top.

A reference for a book includes: the author’s full name; editor and edition, if any; complete title of the book; place published; publisher, and publication date. Here is an example (note punctuation and underlining):
Works Cited
Equiano, Olaudah. Robert J. Allison, ed. The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, Written by Himself, With Related Documents, Second edition. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2007

FORMAT RULES: Follow These Instructions Exactly, please.

Papers should be typed in double-space, in 12-point font, with margins of about 1 inch. Tip: to avoid late or improperly produced papers, practice setting the margins, etc., before papers are due. Essays should be about five typed, double-spaced pages(1.250 words) in length.

All essays should have a clear Introduction (with a thesis), Body, and Conclusion.

You’ll certainly quote from your book, but don’t get too carried away. Make sure that nothing approaching a quarter of the total essay is in anyone’s but your own words.

Usually paraphrase the author, that is, re-state in your own words the author’s information to which you refer. Generally, don’t quote when your only purpose is to convey the basic info. given within a quote; in such cases you can usually state it in your own words more simply, clearly, and directly. Save quotations for such things as giving the reader a “taste” of the author’s actual words or to give a sample “gem” that says what you want to say so wonderfully that nothing but the original will do.

When you do quote, try to use shorter, rather than long multi-sentence quotations. Quote single, shorter sentences or even just quote phrases put into you own sentences. Remember, even quotations must be –or be presented within– complete grammatical sentences.

Sample Solution

Sample solution

Dante Alighieri played a critical role in the literature world through his poem Divine Comedy that was written in the 14th century. The poem contains Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso. The Inferno is a description of the nine circles of torment that are found on the earth. It depicts the realms of the people that have gone against the spiritual values and who, instead, have chosen bestial appetite, violence, or fraud and malice. The nine circles of hell are limbo, lust, gluttony, greed and wrath. Others are heresy, violence, fraud, and treachery. The purpose of this paper is to examine the Dante’s Inferno in the perspective of its portrayal of God’s image and the justification of hell. 

In this epic poem, God is portrayed as a super being guilty of multiple weaknesses including being egotistic, unjust, and hypocritical. Dante, in this poem, depicts God as being more human than divine by challenging God’s omnipotence. Additionally, the manner in which Dante describes Hell is in full contradiction to the morals of God as written in the Bible. When god arranges Hell to flatter Himself, He commits egotism, a sin that is common among human beings (Cheney, 2016). The weakness is depicted in Limbo and on the Gate of Hell where, for instance, God sends those who do not worship Him to Hell. This implies that failure to worship Him is a sin.

God is also depicted as lacking justice in His actions thus removing the godly image. The injustice is portrayed by the manner in which the sodomites and opportunists are treated. The opportunists are subjected to banner chasing in their lives after death followed by being stung by insects and maggots. They are known to having done neither good nor bad during their lifetimes and, therefore, justice could have demanded that they be granted a neutral punishment having lived a neutral life. The sodomites are also punished unfairly by God when Brunetto Lattini is condemned to hell despite being a good leader (Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). While he commited sodomy, God chooses to ignore all the other good deeds that Brunetto did.

Finally, God is also portrayed as being hypocritical in His actions, a sin that further diminishes His godliness and makes Him more human. A case in point is when God condemns the sin of egotism and goes ahead to commit it repeatedly. Proverbs 29:23 states that “arrogance will bring your downfall, but if you are humble, you will be respected.” When Slattery condemns Dante’s human state as being weak, doubtful, and limited, he is proving God’s hypocrisy because He is also human (Verdicchio, 2015). The actions of God in Hell as portrayed by Dante are inconsistent with the Biblical literature. Both Dante and God are prone to making mistakes, something common among human beings thus making God more human.

To wrap it up, Dante portrays God is more human since He commits the same sins that humans commit: egotism, hypocrisy, and injustice. Hell is justified as being a destination for victims of the mistakes committed by God. The Hell is presented as being a totally different place as compared to what is written about it in the Bible. As a result, reading through the text gives an image of God who is prone to the very mistakes common to humans thus ripping Him off His lofty status of divine and, instead, making Him a mere human. Whether or not Dante did it intentionally is subject to debate but one thing is clear in the poem: the misconstrued notion of God is revealed to future generations.



Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). Dante’s inferno: Seven deadly sins in scientific publishing and how to avoid them. Addiction Science: A Guide for the Perplexed, 267.

Cheney, L. D. G. (2016). Illustrations for Dante’s Inferno: A Comparative Study of Sandro Botticelli, Giovanni Stradano, and Federico Zuccaro. Cultural and Religious Studies4(8), 487.

Verdicchio, M. (2015). Irony and Desire in Dante’s” Inferno” 27. Italica, 285-297.