Write a MA project: the methodology chapter.
It should be 4 pages.
Discuss the use of euphemism and dysphemism in Lebanese Arabic and the strategies used for euphemism and dysphemism.
Most of the papers I read about euphemism and dysphemism did not use naturally collected data.
Write a pragraph about natural data and its importance (you can see as an example the uploaded file, I highlihted page 82 pdf in yellow.
Actually most of the studies I read about euphemism and dysphemism used quessionnaires.
There are collected data from different sources (spoken and written ), spoken data was collected by (the researcher and by lebanese speakers, TV shows, Youtube videos) writen data was collected by (twitter posts and comments – Facebook comments – Instagram comments – forums – Whats App messages).
(In this study, the qualitative approach is chosen for collecting Lebanese euphemism and dysphemism for many reasons, among them is the fact that the researcher is the primary data-gathering instrument through observing and collecting the data in natural contexts. The study uses the unstructured observance method to collect Lebanese euphemisic and dysphemistic expressions in both oral and written use.
(Written data was collected by (twitter posts and comments – Facebook comments – Instagram comments – forums – Whats App messages).
The open questionnaire method, a quantitative method, was used for the verification of figurative meanings of Lebanese euphemisic and dysphemistic expressions.
Total of the sample = 113 residing in different lebaneses cities
Oral Data were collected from 60 native lebanese speakers (relatives, friends, acquaintances, friends of friends). female 30 females, 30 males, aged between 22 – 53), from different educationl levels. Some got their BA, Some got their MA, and some just finished their high school, and some just finished their intermidate school.
written data was collected from 53 participants on twitter posts and comments – Facebook comments – Instagram comments – forums – Whats App messages (from friend, friends of friends, acuaintance.
Thier profiles on different social media can show if they are males or females but no garentee) their comments were on different posts and photos related to diffreent issues and topics.
data were collected around 4 months.
The essential casing work for an Islamic business framework is an arrangement of principles and laws. On the whole alluded to as shariah, overseeing financial, social, political, and culture parts of Islamic social orders. Shariah begins from the standards directed by the Quran and its practices, and clarifications from Sunnah by the prophet Muhammad. Facilitate elaboration of the guidelines is given by researchers in Islamic statute inside the structure of the Quran and Sunnah. (Saeed, M . Ahmed, Zr . Mukhtar, S 2001) This system illuminates the disallowance of intrigue. Restriction of riba, a term of actually signifying "an overabundance" and deciphered as "any unmerited increment of capital whether in credit or deals" is the focal principle of the framework. All the more accurately, any positive, settled foreordained rate attached to the development and the measure of standard is thought about riba and is precluded. The general agreement among Islam researchers is that riba cover usury as well as the evolving of "enthusiasm" as broadly honed. This precluded depends on contention as social equity, value, and property right. Islam energizes the acquiring of benefit however precludes the charging of intrigue since benefits, decided ex post, symbolize fruitful enterprise and making of extra riches where as premium, decided ex risk, is a cost that is collected independent of the result of business tasks and may not make riches if there are business misfortunes. Social equity requests that borrowers and the bank share remunerates and in addition misfortunes in an impartial manner and that the procedure of riches collection and dissemination in the economy be reasonable and illustrative of genuine profitability. Hazard sharing. Since premium is denied, providers of assets progress toward becoming financial specialists rather than lenders. The supplier of monetary capital and the business visionary offer business chances as a byproduct of offers of the benefits. Cash as potential capital is dealt with as genuine capital just when it joins hand with different assets to embrace a gainful action. Islam perceives the time estimation of cash, yet just when it goes about as capital, not when it is potential capital. Preclusion of theoretical conduct. An Islamic monetary framework disheartens storing precludes exchanges including extraordinary vulnerabilities, betting and chances. Holiness of agreements. Islam maintains legally binding commitment and the divulgence of data as a holy obligation. This element is expected to decrease the danger of uneven data and good peril. Shariah-affirmed exercises. Just those business exercises that don't abuse the guidelines of shariah meet all requirements for speculation. (Saeed, M . Ahmed, Zr . Mukhtar, S 2001) A portion of the more famous instruments in Islamic business markets are exchange with markup or cost-in addition to deal (murabaha). A standout amongst the most generally utilized instruments for here and now financing is passed on the conventional country of procurement fund. The financial specialist embraces to supply particular products or wares, joining a commonly concurred contact for resale to the customer and a commonly arranged edge. Benefit sharing understanding (mudaraba). This is indistinguishable to a venture subsidize in which administrators handle a pool of assets. The specialist administrator has moderately constrained risk while having adequate impetuses to perform. The capital is put resources into extensively characterized exercises, and the terms of benefit and hazard sharing are altered for every venture. The development structure ranges from short to medium term and is more appropriate for exchange exercises. 2.1 The Principle of Islamic keeping money: The guideline of Islamic managing an account is construct basically in light of the commence that premium, which is entirely illegal in Islam, is neither an essential nor an attractive reason for the lead of saving money task, and that Islamic lessons give a superior establishment to arranging the working of banks. Muslim business analysts have brought up that it is a chronicled mishap that premium has turned into the boss of present day saving money. The act of intrigue has been censured by preeminent masterminds in mankind's history and by every single scriptural religion. Aristotle harped on the "infertile" idea of cash and eagerly censured the foundation of premium which depict as "birth cash from cash". ( Abeng, T 1997) Under Judaism, Israelites were taboo to request any expansion on the standard measure of the aggregate loaned in exchanges among themselves, however intrigue could be charged in managing amongst Israelites and gentiles. The purpose behind his qualification, as indicated by numerous researchers of Judaism, was that there was no law around then among the gentiles which precluded the act of intrigue and it was no viewed as out of line that Jews be permitted to recuperate enthusiasm from individuals who charged enthusiasm from them. Among the devotees of Islam, the establishment of intrigue has dependably been viewed as exceedingly shameful on the grounds that the Holy of Qur'an entirely prohibited intrigue based exchange in all frame. In the early history of Islam the directive identifying with restriction of intrigue was entirely watched, however with the decrease of the hold of religion and spread of western impact, money related practices in light of premium started to penetrate Muslim social orders also. In the time of pilgrim control of Muslim nations by western power, the intrigue based framework turned out to be unequivocally dug in. Muslim researchers contend which has prompted the loathe - day predominance of enthusiasm for monetary exchanges everywhere throughout the globe.( Abeng, T 1997) Muslim researchers perceive the vital part banks play in the economy of the nation in the cutting edge time. Saving money organizations go about as monetary go-betweens amongst savers and financial specialists. They can be of huge help in helping the procedure of capital arrangement and advancement. 2.2 Non Muslim nations fascinating with Islamic saving money serve The accomplishments of Islamic managing an account through world emergencies empower numerous non Islamic nations request to apply this vision by organized utilization of Islamic methods of store assembly and financing, if not full hailed Islamic keeping money; in quit a couple of non Islamic nations. Hence Islamic money related organizations exist in so far a section as Australia, Denmark, India, Liberia, Liechtenstein, Luxemburg, Philippine, South Africa, Thailand, United Kingdom and United State of America. Separated of these there are various pious devotee - Islamic budgetary foundation in non-Muslim nations which offer Islamic accounts administrations for their Muslim customers. There is a decent arrangement of debate, be that as it may, about the monetary administrations being offered by such organizations being in completely congruity with Shariah prerequisites. Section Three 3.0 The effect of Islamic Banking on financial framework The way of life of Islamic keeping money has superb effect in a few measurements of monetary framework, which are sparing, venture, rate and level of development. These components have significant control for monetary framework strength. 3.0.0 Effects on sparing and speculation Islamic economy has called attention to that standard monetary does not yield a complete conclusion with respect to the impact of expanded vulnerability of rate of profit for the quantum of sparing. The real out come would rely upon various factors, for example, the type of utility capacity and its hazard avoidance, how much future is reduced, regardless of whether expanded hazard is repaid by higher return, and the salary and substitution impacts of expanded vulnerability. It has additionally been contended that the move to an Islamic intrigue free framework, under cretin conditions, could prompt build rates to return on sparing. Subsequently, the expanded level of vulnerability that could come about because of reception (Profit/misfortune sharing) (PLS) based framework could be repaid unaltered or maybe notwithstanding prompting an expansion in sparing. Muslim financial experts anticipate that PLS based keeping money will practice good impact on the level of speculation. Both the interest for speculation PLS based saving money. The interest for speculation stores is probably going to increment as a settled shore of capital is never again required to be met as a piece of the firm benefit figurings. The negligible result of capital can be taken up to the point where most extreme benefits are acquired without the requirement of meeting a settled shoreline of capital. The supply of speculation stores is probably going to increment as PLS based keeping money is empower to attempt the financing of an extensive number of hazardous ventures by virtue of an improved unsafe engrossing limit. 3.0.1 The effect on Rate and Pattern of development The normal ideal impact of PLS construct keeping money with respect to the level of venture world bestow an articulated development introduction to the economy, the expanded>GET ANSWER