Attached is the rubric in detail, please follow each section and address. the person of topic will be alexander graham and the disease he had diabetes. attached will also be the start of a paper than can be used.
NUR 315 Final Project Guidelines and Rubric
Pathophysiology is a topic that is studied by most healthcare professional students—including nursing, medicine, and other allied health professionals. Increasingly, this study has been enriched and enhanced through the use of various patient care technologies. Pathophysiology is defined as the study of the disturbance of normal mechanical, physical, and biochemical functions, either caused by a disease or resulting from an abnormal syndrome or condition that may not qualify to be called a disease. Pathophysiology may also be thought of as the study of the biological and physical manifestations of disease as they correlate with the underlying abnormalities and physiological disturbances. It is critically important for nurses to understand and be able to assess common health challenges or diseases.
The final project for this course will require you to choose a well-known individual from history or current popular literature, with instructor approval, who has a known physiological disease or illness of interest, and analyze that person’s case. You will then develop a plan of care using aspects of the nursing process for your selected case.
This assessment addresses the following course outcomes:
? Differentiate between normal physiological processes and pathological presentations of adult health states for promoting health and preventing disease
? Assess the role of patient care technologies in managing and promoting patient outcomes in individuals with chronic diseases and acute illnesses
? Explain the pathological processes of adult diseases and illnesses for guiding risk-reduction and prevention strategies
? Develop plans of care for adult diseases and illnesses that utilize current evidence-based research
You will choose a well-known individual from history or current popular literature, with instructor approval, who has a known physiological—as opposed to psychiatric or psychological—disease or illness, and, using a systematic approach, you will analyze that disease or illness. You will also develop a plan of care for that disease or illness.
In your analysis, you will describe the pathophysiology for your selected disease or illness, propose historical explanations for variations in findings (when applicable), and demonstrate use of nursing conceptual models to frame your discussion of adaptation and stressors collectively for system analysis.
Your plan of care should utilize the PIE (planning, intervention, and evaluation) format. The planning (P) section should include at least two short-term and two long-term goals that are most appropriate for your chosen case, and each goal should have measurable criteria and have a hypothetical target date or time. The intervention (I) section should include interventions or nursing actions that directly relate to the selected case’s goals and that are specific in action and frequency. The number of interventions should be appropriate for helping to meet individual goals. Finally, the evaluation (E) section of the plan of care should include proposed measures for determining success of the plan and an evaluation of the potential success of the plan, based on those measures.
Specifically, the following critical elements must be addressed:
I. Introduce your selected case
a) Identify the individual you selected and his or her disease or illness, and provide a brief explanation of why you selected this case.
b) Describe how normal physiology is changed by the disease state for your selected case.
c) Define the pathophysiology and clinical manifestations associated with your selected case and how they may be explained by altered physiology.
Be sure to support your claims with scholarly evidence.
d) Assess the extent to which clinical manifestations of your selected case affect multiple body systems, using scholarly evidence to support your
II. History of selected case
a) Describe historical variations (that is, examples of individuals with the selected disease or illness) of your selected case, using evidence from
b) Identify physiological stressors that may affect the course of the disease or illness, and explain their impact.
c) Identify adaptive physiological mechanisms that may affect the course of the disease for your selected case.
d) Assess the historical impact of patient care technologies on patient outcomes for your selected case. Be sure to justify your claims with scholarly
III. Planning for care for your selected case
a) Write a goal statement that is patient-centered and contains at least one measurable criterion or target date/time. In order to address this
element comprehensively, you should be sure to provide at least two short-term and two long-term goals for your selected case.
b) Analyze the critical nursing concerns associated with this disease state, and prioritize them from a treatment standpoint.
c) Identify patient care technologies that are appropriate for managing clinical manifestations of your selected case.
IV. Intervention
a) Outline appropriate nursing interventions for your selected case. Be sure to substantiate your claims with scholarly evidence.
b) Outline common classes of medications used to manage the disease. Be sure to provide examples from scholarly evidence to support your
c) Assess the extent to which current patient care technologies improve health promotion for your selected case, using scholarly evidence to
support your claims.
d) Assess the extent to which current patient care technologies assist in decreasing medication errors and improving patient safety with regard to
your selected case.
V. Evaluation
a) Identify the most appropriate measures for determining the success of your plan of care. In other words, what data will you need to collect to
determine if your plan worked? Be sure to substantiate your claims with scholarly evidence.
b) In terms of the outcome measures you identified, evaluate the potential success of your plan of care and proposed nursing interventions for
your selected case. In other words, do you feel your proposed plan of care and interventions for your selected case will result in successful outcomes? Be sure to justify your rationale with evidence-based research.

Sample solution

Dante Alighieri played a critical role in the literature world through his poem Divine Comedy that was written in the 14th century. The poem contains Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso. The Inferno is a description of the nine circles of torment that are found on the earth. It depicts the realms of the people that have gone against the spiritual values and who, instead, have chosen bestial appetite, violence, or fraud and malice. The nine circles of hell are limbo, lust, gluttony, greed and wrath. Others are heresy, violence, fraud, and treachery. The purpose of this paper is to examine the Dante’s Inferno in the perspective of its portrayal of God’s image and the justification of hell. 

In this epic poem, God is portrayed as a super being guilty of multiple weaknesses including being egotistic, unjust, and hypocritical. Dante, in this poem, depicts God as being more human than divine by challenging God’s omnipotence. Additionally, the manner in which Dante describes Hell is in full contradiction to the morals of God as written in the Bible. When god arranges Hell to flatter Himself, He commits egotism, a sin that is common among human beings (Cheney, 2016). The weakness is depicted in Limbo and on the Gate of Hell where, for instance, God sends those who do not worship Him to Hell. This implies that failure to worship Him is a sin.

God is also depicted as lacking justice in His actions thus removing the godly image. The injustice is portrayed by the manner in which the sodomites and opportunists are treated. The opportunists are subjected to banner chasing in their lives after death followed by being stung by insects and maggots. They are known to having done neither good nor bad during their lifetimes and, therefore, justice could have demanded that they be granted a neutral punishment having lived a neutral life. The sodomites are also punished unfairly by God when Brunetto Lattini is condemned to hell despite being a good leader (Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). While he commited sodomy, God chooses to ignore all the other good deeds that Brunetto did.

Finally, God is also portrayed as being hypocritical in His actions, a sin that further diminishes His godliness and makes Him more human. A case in point is when God condemns the sin of egotism and goes ahead to commit it repeatedly. Proverbs 29:23 states that “arrogance will bring your downfall, but if you are humble, you will be respected.” When Slattery condemns Dante’s human state as being weak, doubtful, and limited, he is proving God’s hypocrisy because He is also human (Verdicchio, 2015). The actions of God in Hell as portrayed by Dante are inconsistent with the Biblical literature. Both Dante and God are prone to making mistakes, something common among human beings thus making God more human.

To wrap it up, Dante portrays God is more human since He commits the same sins that humans commit: egotism, hypocrisy, and injustice. Hell is justified as being a destination for victims of the mistakes committed by God. The Hell is presented as being a totally different place as compared to what is written about it in the Bible. As a result, reading through the text gives an image of God who is prone to the very mistakes common to humans thus ripping Him off His lofty status of divine and, instead, making Him a mere human. Whether or not Dante did it intentionally is subject to debate but one thing is clear in the poem: the misconstrued notion of God is revealed to future generations.



Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). Dante’s inferno: Seven deadly sins in scientific publishing and how to avoid them. Addiction Science: A Guide for the Perplexed, 267.

Cheney, L. D. G. (2016). Illustrations for Dante’s Inferno: A Comparative Study of Sandro Botticelli, Giovanni Stradano, and Federico Zuccaro. Cultural and Religious Studies4(8), 487.

Verdicchio, M. (2015). Irony and Desire in Dante’s” Inferno” 27. Italica, 285-297.