Police occupy a central and unique position in American society. They are accorded considerable legal authority to ensure collective security, but must balance this
need with individual rights (enumerated in the Bill of Rights). Police practices and organization are a product of this balancing act, with competing societal values
determining the activities and structure of policing. Scholars have identified three distinct phases in the development of American public policing that have been a
response to shifting societal values. What are these three phases and how have these societal values shaped American police activities and structures since the
emergence of public police force? What were/are the consequences (if any) of these policing phases either intended or unintended?
Moreover, Marc Quinn's sculptural works difficulties cultural convictions about mankind through his enthusiasm for life systems and how the degrees of the human condition can be spoken to through our physical bodies. He curiously plays between how noteworthy people are seen as compelling and complex in contrast with the individuals who are esteemed as inadequate and strange by society. This is clear in his strong gold sculpture of Kate Moss, Sphinx (2005). This figure in a manner sets up the power given to Gods and Deities, enlightening the god like or extraordinary characteristics that are gave to famous people. He gives the human condition transient inclinations, by building up a feeling of weight through her stressing yoga present. Quinn has introduced Moss, not as herself however as society sees her – ever-changing (after the style world). This is keenly differentiated by his arrangement of enormous and suggestive marble figures of handicapped people and amputees. He accepts that speaking to paralympians and war veterans with marble difficulties conventional thoughts of the perfect entire, just as traditional model itself. As found in one of his latest works, "Alison Lapper" (2000), this huge figure sat on a plinth in Trafalgar square. His situating and presentation is his method for legitimately bringing issues to light just as summoning considered the potential outcomes of the human condition. Alison Lapper was conceived without arms and distorted legs, Quinn has decided to utilize her handicap in an enormous and suggestive manner to incite an intellectual reaction from the crowd, which fills in as method of direct communication. His decision to shape with the old style vehicle of marble, a hard and thick stone to depict someone that society characterizes as delicate and feeble, affirms his theme, that the impaired are "monument(s) to future prospects of mankind and its ability for strength" (Quinn, 2000). His provocative work consummately clarifies the trouble of characterizing an individual, and that genuine character ought to be decided by strength and boldness. Fundamentally, Shlipa Gupta, ORLAN, and Marc Quinn challenge the manners in which that we characterize and sort people by contributing perceptiveness, into how our physical bodies are regularly the inspiration for definition, however that the human condition must be comprehended by digging into better approaches for valuing our reality. Their investigation of what exists in (truly and intellectually) gives another significance to being "human", that qualities the excellence of our logical bodies and independenceThe work of art Cradling Wheat, by Thomas Hart Benton delineates three men and a little youngster in a field gathering and gathering wheat. These characters are situated in the closer view of the work, with the encompassing scene behind them. The four figures and the general condition meet up in a mix of shapes and hues. The blue sky and yellow-tan shading found in the fields of grain and the slopes gives the watcher a feeling of what the climate may resemble. The men's appearances are avoided see, and each are wearing long dull jeans with blue shirts. The shapes, hues, and characters in the artistic creation make it alluring and grab the eye of the watcher. Thomas Benton's work is known for its development (Ellison). The movement depicted in his works impart "the vitality, surge, and disarray of American life" (Ellison). The states of the men and the earth in Benton's painting cause the image to appear as though it is moving. The figures working in the field lean and twist as they cut and gather the grain. This activity is likewise depicted in the manner the slopes, trees, and mists are painted. The watcher can nearly feel the development of the men working since it is communicated all through the whole artistic creation. The bend in the encompassing slopes emulate the bend of the men's backs as they twist around to accumulate the wheat. This movement stretches out into the coating of trees just past the wheat field. The trees move in a kind of squiggly line over the work of art until they arrive at an enormous tree at the extreme left. The tree bends upward and the watcher's eyes follow until they arrive at the sky. The spiraling movement finishes in a whirl of white mists. While the figures and the landscape are autonomous from one another, their shapes mix together to make a rush of movement that moves over the whole work of art. At the point when the watcher takes a gander at the work of art, their eyes are taken from option to left. The watcher experiences no difficulty making sense of what's going on in the artistic creation on the grounds that the picture directs the watcher alongside ease. character are independent and the view are discrete from one another is isolated from the other, however together the lines and bends of their bodies look like the stalks of wheat and the cutting development of the grass shearer. Together they make a broad bended line looking like a grass shearer that climbs through the line of trees and into the removed slopes and shady sky. The trees twist and lean simply like the men and proceed with this upward development, finishing in a whirl of mists mixing about and moving with the breeze (Ellison). The movement in this image drives the watcher's eyes over the whole canvas which, thus, gives them that broad vitality impact. >GET ANSWER