Write an essay explaining how these problems would be viewed by a sociological theory of your choosing. (You may find info about theory in chapter 1 of your text, as well as in the “Understanding Sociological Theory” resource in your Course Materials on the home page.) The three traditional major perspectives are:
You may, however, use other appropriate sociological theories you have encountered in your learning.
Using this theory, address the following questions:
-How can the theory you’ve chosen help explain why the social problem exists, or why it qualifies as a problem?
-How can the theory help explain why the problem still exists?
-How do you think the theory might inform possible solutions to the problem?
reality of most women’s fear and also enabled the public to understand it too. This literature is only taken from the UK and the USA therefore, could be seen to disregard women’s fear of crime in poorer countries which may be completely different. Geography of Crime An important part of understanding crime is trying to understand where it happens, researchers in the late 19th century and early 20th century made no advances in the spatiality of crime (Herbert, 1982). Shaw and Mckay (1942) were the first researchers to fully develop the spatial awareness of crime. They did a study on Chicago whereby they looked at delinquency data from the Illinois crime survey. Through their research Shaw and Mckay created the theory social disorganization. Social disorganization theory communicates that the environments (social and physical) around a person is a factor in what choices a person makes. An area with poverty and a high level of different ethnicities have the highest crime rates. In Chicago Shaw and Mckay noted four types of deviance: A relapse into criminal behaviour, youth crime, adult crime and truancy which were noted to be all interconnected. High levels of truancy in an area have been said to have been linked to potential delinquency. In the study truancy and delinquency was mostly found in the central business district (CBD) and the industrial inner city areas. The findings of an increase of crime towards to the CBD has been found in nineteen American cities. Many academics also found that the highest rates of crime were found in the CBD whilst they were lower rates in the suburbs (Booth, 1891; Burt, 1925). Herbert (1982) argues that spatial theory does realise that poverty is class based but doesn’t tell us why certain individuals resort to delinquency. However, in recent years the number of houses the public sector owns in the United Kingdom has rose to 31%. These houses are located on the suburbs instead of in the city centres. This has caused a mass amount of people to move to the suburbs and crime levels have also moved with them. The movement of crime can be seen in Morris’ study (1957) whereby he studied offenders in the town Croydon. He noted the distribution of delinquents in the area was related to the public housing market which was on the suburbs. This finding also leads criminologists to suggest that socio-economic status is a factor in delinquency (Amir, 1971; Herbert, 1982; Morris, 1957). The literature within this topic is much outdated which could be seen as not relevant in today’s so>GET ANSWER