After reading “Ten Simple Rules for Writing a Literature Review” (https://journals.plos.org/ploscompbiol/article?id=10.1371/journal.pcbi.1003149) and the “Student Sample Literature Review,” discuss the main features you identified in the student sample. How is this sample literature review different from other research papers you’ve read/had to write in the past?
Then discuss the topic (Importance of Border Protection and the Key Role of Administrative Support) you’re interested in exploring for the literature review. The Literature Review Assignment Sheet calls for a discussion of your topic’s exigency in your own literature review. Exigency refers to a topic’s timeliness or necessity—what makes your topic important right now?
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) constitutes a spectrum of conditions, ranging from steatosis to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and cirrhosis, in the absence of excessive alcohol consumption. The prevalence of NAFLD is 34.2% in obese children & adolescents and the reported prevalence is highest in Asia (19). Most children are asymptomatic, while some may complain of right upper quadrant pain or abdominal discomfort. NAFLD aggravates hepatic insulin resistance, thereby increasing the risk of developing T2DM. The liver SAFETY (Screening ALT for Elevation in Today’s Youth) study was conducted to develop ALT thresholds and the cut-off of ALT >25 for boys and >22 for girls were suggested for screening NAFLD in children (20). 6. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS): Increased adiposity, especially abdominal, is associated with hyperandrogenemia and increased metabolic risk. The diagnosis of PCOS in an adolescent girl should be made based on the presence of clinical and/or biochemical evidence of hyperandrogenism (after exclusion of other pathologies) in the presence of persistent oligomenorrhea (21). Polycystic ovary morphology on ultrasound is not reliable to make a diagnosis in adolescents because multi-follicular ovaries are a feature of normal puberty that subsides with onset of regular menstrual cycles (22). 7. Psychiatric: Results from several studies suggest a higher rate of depression among obese children than among children of normal weight. In addition to depression, anxiety and low-self esteem have also been found to relate to obesity in children and adolescents. A study by Grilo et al. (23) demonstrated that “the greater the frequency of being teased about weight and shape while growing up, the more negative one’s appearance is regarded, and the greater the degree of body dissatisfaction in adulthood”. 8. Miscellaneous: Orthopedic problems, such as slipped capital epiphyses and Blount’s disease, occur in obese children. Approximately 50% to 70% of children with slipped capital epiphyses are obese. Obese children are also at a higher risk for developing gall stones, pseudotumor cerebri and obstructive sleep apnea. EVALUATION OF THE OBESE CHILD:>GET ANSWER