Order Description

The Wilmington Public Defender has asked you to review the case file in State v. McAlister to advise him via memo whether he should advise the client, Jose McAlister, to accept a guilty plea offer from the prosecution. The state charged Jose with: murder in the 2nd degree, with up to life imprisonment; possession of cocaine with the intent to distribute, with up to 30 years’ incarceration; possession of child pornography, with up to 2 years’ incarceration; and possession of a firearm in furtherance of drug trafficking, with a mandatory consecutive sentence of 5 years’ incarceration. The plea offer is to plead guilty to possession of cocaine, with a sentence of 8 years’ concurrent incarceration; possession of child pornography, with 5 years’ concurrent incarceration; possession of the firearm, with 5 years’ consecutive incarceration, and voluntary manslaughter, with 30 years’ consecutive incarceration. The prosecutor is coming up for election and wants a victory against gangbangers to help his campaign. The plea offer won’t get any better, especially since he said his office won’t pursue any other crimes arising from the facts in the casefile if Jose takes the deal. The plea offer ends by the end of next week, and the Public Defender wants the memo in his inbox ASAP. You remember you’ve kept your textbook from CRJ 411 and bring it to your desk with the case file. Memories of constitutional rights and privileges, investigatory procedures, scientific evidence, and rules of evidence and testimony flood your mind. You sigh as you recognize the plight of the public defender: you work in the best interests of the client, who is almost always unhappy with the outcome regardless of how sweet it is. Nonetheless, it’s likely that Jose is going to file a complaint with the bar association unless he is acquitted. Plus, budget cuts are looming, and your job may be cut unless you show the boss you’re a star. Good thing you’ve always enjoyed puzzles. Case File* The case file reveals the following information: Jose McAlister, aged 20, refuses to testify against his gang. Although we know he is, the Government suspects Jose is a major player in the 1-niners street gang. The police arrested Jose on August 15th pursuant to an arrest warrant that, unbeknownst to the police, was out of date and issued from a neighboring jurisdiction for a traffic infraction that Jose had already pleaded guilty to and paid off. Before being put in the police car, the police search Jose and find car keys with an alarm button in his pocket. The police put Jose in the back of patrol car and chirp the alarm. A black car 500 feet up the street with tinted windows and shiny wheels and parked in a free, 24- hour private parking lot chirped in response. The police use the keys to open and search the car. They find $1,000 in $20 bills, a box of ziplok baggies, and a half-kilo of crack cocaine powder in the glove box. They also find an artsy picture of a seductivelyposing naked girl who appears to be under the age of 16 under the bottom cushion of the driver’s seat, and she holds a small paper reading, “Happy Birthday, Mick” in Spanish. A map with a circle over a portion of Interstate 74, a firearm, and a knife with residue on the blade are found under the passenger’s seat. The map leads them to the naked body of Venzie Viktum, wrapped in plastic in a ditch along the interstate overgrown with weeds 4 feet high. This is the same location that the Gypsy Psychic hired by the police to help solve crime told police to look for evidence of “murderous cosmic karma” the day before, but the police had not yet followed up on the lead as they routinely did. The pathologist discovers only a stab wound to the heart and the time of death was 2 to 3 days earlier, that the body was moved after death, and latent fingerprints of a right hand is found on Venzie’s right hand, much like Venzie and the other person clasped their hands together. Discovery reveals that the pathologist will testify that the print belongs to a Hispanic male in his early 20s and that the fingerprint was impressed at the moment of death. The police brought Jose the station, Mirandized him and interrogated him for 24 hours with short breaks for the bathroom, naps, and snacks from a vending machine. By the end of the interview, Jose said that he heard about the hit on Venzie on the street but that was all. He then refused to answer more questions until he got his free attorney, the lead investigator barked, “You’re a murdered, Admit it!,” and Jose quipped back, “He got what he deserved!” The police left the room, and our Office began representation. Jose told our paralegal that everything in the car is his, except for the picture. The car used to belong to Jose’s dad, Richard McAlister, who died last year and that the picture looks like his deceased Mom, who his Dad met while a missionary in Bolivia twenty years ago. (Not surprisingly, Richard “left” the church and legally married Mom in Bolivia when she was 15.) Willy is a prosecution witness who testified at a preliminary hearing how he was in a drug distribution conspiracy with Jose, although he never actually met Jose. However, he talked on the phone with a guy named Jose who would have crack cocaine delivered by different guys and who talked about, but didn’t admit to, the killing of an unidentified rival gang member. Jose tells you that he knows of Willy and that Willy is mentally retarded and easily

 

 

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Dante Alighieri played a critical role in the literature world through his poem Divine Comedy that was written in the 14th century. The poem contains Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso. The Inferno is a description of the nine circles of torment that are found on the earth. It depicts the realms of the people that have gone against the spiritual values and who, instead, have chosen bestial appetite, violence, or fraud and malice. The nine circles of hell are limbo, lust, gluttony, greed and wrath. Others are heresy, violence, fraud, and treachery. The purpose of this paper is to examine the Dante’s Inferno in the perspective of its portrayal of God’s image and the justification of hell. 

In this epic poem, God is portrayed as a super being guilty of multiple weaknesses including being egotistic, unjust, and hypocritical. Dante, in this poem, depicts God as being more human than divine by challenging God’s omnipotence. Additionally, the manner in which Dante describes Hell is in full contradiction to the morals of God as written in the Bible. When god arranges Hell to flatter Himself, He commits egotism, a sin that is common among human beings (Cheney, 2016). The weakness is depicted in Limbo and on the Gate of Hell where, for instance, God sends those who do not worship Him to Hell. This implies that failure to worship Him is a sin.

God is also depicted as lacking justice in His actions thus removing the godly image. The injustice is portrayed by the manner in which the sodomites and opportunists are treated. The opportunists are subjected to banner chasing in their lives after death followed by being stung by insects and maggots. They are known to having done neither good nor bad during their lifetimes and, therefore, justice could have demanded that they be granted a neutral punishment having lived a neutral life. The sodomites are also punished unfairly by God when Brunetto Lattini is condemned to hell despite being a good leader (Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). While he commited sodomy, God chooses to ignore all the other good deeds that Brunetto did.

Finally, God is also portrayed as being hypocritical in His actions, a sin that further diminishes His godliness and makes Him more human. A case in point is when God condemns the sin of egotism and goes ahead to commit it repeatedly. Proverbs 29:23 states that “arrogance will bring your downfall, but if you are humble, you will be respected.” When Slattery condemns Dante’s human state as being weak, doubtful, and limited, he is proving God’s hypocrisy because He is also human (Verdicchio, 2015). The actions of God in Hell as portrayed by Dante are inconsistent with the Biblical literature. Both Dante and God are prone to making mistakes, something common among human beings thus making God more human.

To wrap it up, Dante portrays God is more human since He commits the same sins that humans commit: egotism, hypocrisy, and injustice. Hell is justified as being a destination for victims of the mistakes committed by God. The Hell is presented as being a totally different place as compared to what is written about it in the Bible. As a result, reading through the text gives an image of God who is prone to the very mistakes common to humans thus ripping Him off His lofty status of divine and, instead, making Him a mere human. Whether or not Dante did it intentionally is subject to debate but one thing is clear in the poem: the misconstrued notion of God is revealed to future generations.

 

References

Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). Dante’s inferno: Seven deadly sins in scientific publishing and how to avoid them. Addiction Science: A Guide for the Perplexed, 267.

Cheney, L. D. G. (2016). Illustrations for Dante’s Inferno: A Comparative Study of Sandro Botticelli, Giovanni Stradano, and Federico Zuccaro. Cultural and Religious Studies4(8), 487.

Verdicchio, M. (2015). Irony and Desire in Dante’s” Inferno” 27. Italica, 285-297.