In the Middle Ages, many men and women wrote and sang songs about the joys and trials of being in love. Two great examples representing male and female attitudes towards the objects of their affection are Bernart de Ventadorn’s Can vei la lauzeta mover (When I See the Lark) and Beatriz de Dials A chantar m’er (I Am Obliged to Sing). For this exercise, write a blog explaining to your readers how to understand the poems in general and in comparison to each other. What are similarities and differences from the masculine and feminine points of view. Finally, explain to your readers how these approaches still exist today. Choose one song that you know from your world that shares similarity to one of the medieval examples and explain.
Bernart de Ventadorn
Can vei la lauzeta mover
Can vei la lauzeta mover
De joi sas alas contral rai,
Que s’oblid’ e.s laissa chazer
Per la doussor c’al cor li vai,
Ai! Tan grans enveya m’en ve
De cui qu’eu veya jauzion,
Meravilhas ai, car desse
Lo cor de dezirer no.m fon.
When I see the lark
Spread its wings for joy and fly towards the sun,
Forget itself, and fall
In the bliss that rushes to its heart
Alas! How I then envy
All creatures that I see happy.
I am amazed that my heart
Does not melt away there and then with longing.
Ai, las! Tan cuidava saber
D’amor, e tan petit en sai,
Car eu d’amar no.m posc tener
Celeis don ja pro non aurai.
Tout m’a mo cor, e tout m’a me,
E se mezeis e tot lo mon;
E can se.m tolc, no.m laisset re
Mas dezirer e cor volon.
Alas! how much of love I thought I knew
And how little I know,
For I cannot stop loving
Her from whom I may have nothing.
All my heart, and all herself,
And all my own self and all I have
She has taken from me, and leaves me nothing
But longing and a seeking heart.
Anc non agui de me poder
Ni no fui meus de l’or’ en sai
Que.m laisset en sos olhs vezer
En un miralh que mout me plai.
Miralhs, pus me mirei en te,
M’an mort li sospir de preon,
C’aissi.m perdei com perdet se
Lo bels Narcisus en la fon.
I no longer had power over myself,
Nor belonged to myself, from the moment
When she let me look into her eyes;
Into that mirror which so delights me.
Mirror, since I was mirrored in you
My sighs have slain me;
I am lost
As fair Narcissus was lost in the spring,
De las domnas me dezesper;
Ja mais en lor no.m fiarai;
C’aissi com las solh chaptener,
Enaissi las deschaptenrai.
Pois vei c’una pro no m’en te
Vas leis que.m destrui e.m cofon,
Totas las dopt’ e las mescre,
Car be sai c’atretals se son.
I despair of all women;
Never again shall I trust them;
As much as I was formerly their protector
I shall now neglect them;
Since no woman will come to my aid
With her who destroys and confounds me
I fear them all and mistrust them
For well I know that they are all alike.
D’aisso’s fa be femna parer
Ma domna, per qu’e.lh o retrai,
Car no vol so c’om voler,
E so c’om li deveda, fai.
Chazutz sui en mala merce,
Et ai be faih co.l fols en pon;
E no sai per que m’esdeve,
Mas car trop puyei contra mon.
My lady wants to appear a good woman;
So I discourage her.
For she does not want what she should,
And what is forbidden her, she does.
I have fallen into disfavour
And behaved like the fool on the bridge
And I don’t know how it came about
Unless it was that I applied too much pressure.
Merces es perduda, per ver,
(Et eu non o saubi anc mai,)
Car cilh qui plus en degr’aver,
No.n a ges, et on la querrai?
A! Can mal sembla, qui la ve,
Qued aquest chaitiu deziron
Que ja ses leis non aura be,
Laisse morrir, que no l.aon.
Mercy is lost, truly
(And I never knew it)
For she who should have had most
Has none: and where should I seek it now?
Oh! how pitiful it seems to him who sees –
wretched and lovesick as I am
Unable to know happiness without her –
How she lets me die, and will not come to my aid.
Pus ab midons no.m pot valer
Precs ni merces ni.l dreihz qu’eu ai,
Ni a leis no ven a plazer
Qu’eu l’am, ja mais no.lh o dirai.
Aissi.m part de leis e.m recre;
Mort m’a, e per mort li respon,
E vau m’en, pus ilh no.m rete,
Chaitius, en issilh, no sai on.
Since nothing can help me with my lady,
Neither prayers nor grace, nor the rights that I have,
Since it does not please her that I love her
I shall not speak of love again.
I give up love and deny it;
She has willed my death, and I answer with death;
I leave, since she does not hold me back,
And go wretched into exile, not knowing where.
Tristeza, no.n auretz de me,
Qu’eu m’en vau, chaitius, no sai on.
De chantar me gic e.m recre,
E de joi e d’amor m’escon.
You will not see my sorrow,
Since I am going, wretched not knowing where.
I renounce and deny my songs
And flee from joy and from love.
Beatriz de Dia
A chantar m’er
- A chantar m’er de so qu’eu no volria,
tant me rancur de lui cui sui amia;
car eu l’am mais que nuilla ren que sia:
vas lui no.m val merces ni cortezia
ni ma beltatz ni mos pretz ni mos sens;
c’atressi.m sui enganad’ e trahia
Com degr’ esser, s’eu fos dezavinens.
- D’aisso.m conort, car anc non fi faillensa,
Amics, vas vos per nuilla captenenssa;
ans vo am mais non fetz Seguis Valensa,
e platz mi mout quez eu d’amar vos vensa,
lo meus amics, car etz lo plus valens;
mi faitz orgoil en digz et en parvensa,
et si etz francs vas totas autras gens.
- Meraveill me cum vostre cors s’orgoilla,
amics, vas me, per qui’ai razon queu.m doilla;
non es ges dreitz c’autr’ amors vos mi toilla,
per nuilla ren que.us diga ni acoilla.
E membre vos cals fo.l comensamens
de nostr’amor! Ja Dompnedeus non voilla
qu’en ma colpa sia.l departimens.
I Am Obliged to Sing
- I must sing of what I do not want,
I am so angry with the one whom I love,
Because I love him more than anything:
Mercy nor courtesy moves him,
Neither does my beauty, nor my worthiness,
nor my good sense,
For I am deceived and betrayed
As much as I should be, if I were ugly.
- I take comfort because I never did anything wrong,
Friend, towards you in anything,
Rather I love you more than Seguin did Valensa,
And I am greatly pleased that I conquered you in love,
My friend, because you are the most worthy;
You are arrogant to me in words and appearance,
And yet you are so friendly towards everyone else.
- I wonder at how you have become so proud,
Friend, towards me, and I have reason to lament;
It is not right that another love take you away from me
No matter what is said or granted to you.
And remember how it was at the beginning
Of our love! May Lord God never wish
That it was my fault for our separation.
Germanic warrior culture supplanted the Romans as the predominant power in Western Europe starting in the fifth century AD. They dismissed only all roman conventions and traditions, supplanting them with their very own convictions. The entire realm was demolished by individuals, who above all adulated war, masculinity, and poise. Social eccentricities of those individuals are broadly reflected in the antiquated epos of Anglo-Saxons, composed by an obscure artist around 700AD. Beowulf is an astounding solidarity of thought processes, points, perspectives on different ages converged in one essential artful culmination. We could discover the components of various epic sorts: epitaphs, other brave stories (tune about Sigmund), religious epos (tune about the making of the world). The perspectives on inborn society are joined with medieval morals; brave picture of a warrior is joined with the picture of astute and reasonable ruler. The move of the ballad makes place before the incredible relocation of Germanic clans some place around 500AD. The relative of acclaimed antiquated ruler Shield Sheafson lord Hrothgar of Danemark experiences the assault of an incredible and shocking evil presence named Grendel. For a long time he has been killing respectable and courageous men in Heorot, an incredible mead-corridor of Hrothgar, threatening Danes consistently, allowing them to battle back. "Long was the time: Twelve winters' time enduring persevered through The companion of the Scyldings, every last one of hardships, Of distresses outrageous" (Beowulf, 146-149) Eventually, help originates from Geatish warrior Beowulf, who sails to the place where there is Danes with an organization of dedicated men. His assistance is readily acknowledged by Hrodgar and they joyfully celebrate till the night. In the night Beowulf battles Grendel unarmed and removes his arm. Grendel crawls back to his bog and bites the dust there. His awful mother needs to vindicate yet she is a lot flimsier and slaughters just a single man, who is the most deferential in Hrothgar's kingdom. Beowulf volunteers to execute Grendel's mom. "Emerge, kingdom's watchman! Let us rapidly go to see the track of Grendel's kinsman."(Beowulf 1390-91).He battles her in profound waters and in her den. He murders her with a unique sword, made not for standard people, discovers Grendel and takes his head off. When he returns, he is applauded by everybody, given a great deal of fortunes and acclaim. A short time later he comes back to his territory and gives every one of his fortunes to his ruler. Beowulf turns into the co-ruler and after the demise of lord, he turns into the ruler for a long time. An awful mythical beast assaults his territory, since one of his men burglarized the treasury watched by that monster. Beowulf battles the mythical beast, executes him however gets mortally injured. The mythical beast's treasury is singed together with Beowulf's body. The time of wars goes to the land, when Beowulf can't join the general population any longer with his quality and knowledge. Beowulf is a treasury of chronicled data. It exhibits the real social attributes of medieval warrior society; portray their convictions, ways of life, relations with different countries, and so on. Just supreme mastery of men in every one of the circles of life was a trademark highlight of early medieval occasions. Ladies characters are referenced just a few times as spouses or little girls of rulers. Indeed, even solid and amazing ruler Modthrytho, little girl of Herod obeys to her dad's direction to wed King Offa. She tormented and murdered individuals who she envisioned were affronting her. "Such isn't queenly custom For a lady to rehearse, however she be consummate, That a harmony weaver of life ought to deny, by virtue of furious indignation, any dear man"(Beowulf, 1940-43). After marriage her character improved. That is the reason all the material and otherworldly estimations of the medieval society speak to men sees upon the truth. Each man was a warrior. A decent warrior ought to be solid, effective, regarded, rich and fortunate. The portrayal of lord Shield Shiefson is only and perfect picture of man's life. Being a baby he ascended under the sky and turned out to be genuine warrior and ruler. He had average life, better than average demise and his treasury was vast."The duke caused fear since first he was discovered along these lines miserable: picked up he comfort for that, became under the mists, in distinctions throve, until every single one of those residence around over the whale-street, him ought to comply, should tribute pay: that was a decent lord" (Beowulf, 6-11). Get help with your exposition today, from our expert paper journalists! Qualified authors in the subject of english writing are prepared and hanging tight to assist you with your examinations. Get help with your paper View expertly composed examples Ruler dependably ought to be regarded and regarded. The possibility of extreme unwaveringness is solid in the hearts of medieval individuals. The longing to be applauded by chieftain, master or lord is extremely solid, on the grounds that for the general public of warriors ruler is the most grounded, savvies, most dominant and respected man. He liberally offers flourishing to famous warriors and judge inflexibly shameful men. Beowulf returns home and gives just the entirety of his fortunes to his ruler. "To Hygelac was,in fight daring, his nephew committed. Furthermore, each to the next aware of benevolence" (Beowulf 2169-71). The pioneer gives every fundamental thing. Family have their very own property, land and cash. All that is given for good military administration. Warriors feast in huge corridors, where they acclaim their ruler, theirselves, their accomplishments and celebrated fights and plan future war battles. "in time it came upon Quickly with men, that it was all prepared, The best of lobbies: Heort as name gave he it"(Beowulf 76-78) "the warriors were living in delights Happily at that point" (Beowulf, 99-100). Beowulf is a picture of perfect saint, whose deeds are respected and commended. He has all highlights that are esteemed in medieval warrior society – quality, strength, astuteness, unwaveringness, pioneer and military abilities, nobility, altruism and dedication. He regards his confidants and treat them as equivalents, he is reasonable and energetic. "don't thou deny me, protector of warriors, Dear companion of the general population, presently hitherto am I come,- That I may alone and my band of lords, This organization fearless, Heorot scrub. (Beowulf 429-32) This unmistakable quality is leaded by inward characteristics, the quality and excellence of the spirit prompts conspicuous deeds. "At that point the main me by thine claim life Adjured, miserable as a main priority, that I in the ocean's flood Should do valiant deeds, should hazard my life, Should respect gain; he guaranteed remunerate" (Beowulf, 2131-2134). On the off chance that an individual isn't dynamic, fruitful or decided, he probably won't be regarded. "Long he was loathed, As him the Geats' youngsters did not figure great, 2185Nor him at the mead-seat as deserving of much"(Beowulf, 2183-86) One can be considered as a fortunate and fruitful individual, yet this karma and achievement if dependably come to by diligent work and internal yearning. Religion additionally assumes an essential job in medieval society. In "Beowulf" a certain converge of religions is exhibited. From one hand, there are sure agnostic convictions of German clans. From the other hand – Christianity, that is uncovered for instance in the portrayal of Grendel, who is named Cain's child. "Upon Cain's kinfolk that wrongdoing retaliated for The Lord interminable, for that he slew Abel: Joyed he not in that fight, yet him a remote place banishedFor that wrongdoing the Creator far from humankind: Thence insidious evil spirits all were delivered" (Beowulf, 107-111). Perpetually rough, uneducated and country culture of medieval Europe stood out enormously from scholarly, politically indicated urban culture of Athens. There was the wrong spot for philosophical contemplations or created political interests – Beowulf asserts that a forceful way to deal with retribution is the genuine warrior's reaction .and central estimation of warrior culture are intimate romance and devotion. "It is better for every that his companion he vindicate than that he grieve much" (Beowulf, 1384-85). Another undeniable distinction is frame of mind to religion. Beowulf and his country acclaim God, he could give favors and move individuals. They should be fearless and act with pride for God to take them in better world. However, the main thing that will stay after warrior's passing is his greatness and this wonder is battled for the entire life. "Every one of us will the end anticipate of common life: let him who may pick up respect ere demise. That is for a warrior, when he is dead, a while later best" (Beowulf, 1386-89). The specialists of that period were ignorant versifiers, who sang the lyrics about antiquated saints and epic fights in huge and rich corridors of respectable men and in little and grimy wooden lobbies of pioneers of little clans. The entire circumstance of the country was unnerving – consistent battles for terrains, cash and military power, poor social and ailment, low dimension of culture , yet the thoughts verbally expressed about in those epic stories were rousing for each man. Solidarity to have the capacity to ensure possess land and family, nobility to act a genuine warrior, individual swords and ordnance that shields him from death and assume the job of the most essential warrior's property and trademark. Medieval occasions were bad looking or wonderful. In the hard battle for new terrains and opportunity endured an incredible number of individuals. The world was crude however this deplorable soul of masculinity endure and fabricated present day European culture with its accentuation on close to home freedom and the standard of law>GET ANSWER