1) Apply and identify the precursors, the transaction and the aftermath detected in the Criminal Event. (3 marks)




2) Identify the situational and locational factors (.5 marks each= 1 marks)

3) Identify and justify the reasons of “why” you believe the crime was committed (1 mark)

Toronto man, 24, charged in North York homicide
Momin Qureshi and 680News staff Sep 17, 2013 08:07:41 PM
TORONTO, Ont. – Anthony Koko Chang and Kimnarine Keshan Maharaj were perfect strangers before their worlds collided during a minor traffic accident last Tuesday. A week later, Maharaj, 24, was charged in Chang’s murder.
Police said Chang, 62, was riding a scooter on Mt. Pleasant Road near Roehampton Avenue on September 10, when he was involved in minor collision with a pickup truck driven by Maharaj, a seasonal worker with Mt. Pleasant cemetery.
Chang suffered minor injuries and his scooter was damaged. But instead of calling police and their insurance companies, the two men agreed to settle the matter without alerting authorities, and exchanged personal information, police said Tuesday.
Last Thursday, September 12, two days after their crash, Chang was found gravely wounded inside his North York apartment on Francine Drive, near Leslie Street and Steeles Avenue East.
He died later in hospital and was declared the city’s 41st murder victim of the year.
At a news conference Tuesday, Det. Kate Beveridge said Chang was stabbed multiple times and announced that Maharaj was arrested on Monday and faces second-degree murder in the death.
“An agreement to settle this collision outside of an insurance claim was made, and everybody went on their way,” Det. Beveridge told reporters.
Beveridge said the men remained in contact following the traffic accident, and on Thursday morning Maharaj visited Chang at his home to discuss payment for damages to his scooter.
Police said the men had agreed to a settlement of about $1,040.
“Obviously it was a violent encounter and Mr. Chang is believed to have been screaming, or screaming for help,” Beveridge alleged.
“This encounter escalated and concluded in the violent death of Mr. Chang.”
Police said Chang was well known in the local Buddhist community and was self-employed with immigrations services at Pearson airport. Neighbours described him as a very peaceful, spiritual, family man who always wanted to help others and do the right thing.
Beveridge said Maharaj was at fault in the traffic accident, and Chang was trying to do him a favour by not reporting the incident.
“This time it cost him his life,” she said.
Maharaj, who was born in Trinidad and has been living in Toronto for about six years, made a court appearance on Tuesday morning.
Beveridge said he wasn’t known to police prior to his arrest in Chang’s murder.
Police are asking anyone with information to contact them or Crime Stoppers.

Sample Solution

Sample solution

Dante Alighieri played a critical role in the literature world through his poem Divine Comedy that was written in the 14th century. The poem contains Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso. The Inferno is a description of the nine circles of torment that are found on the earth. It depicts the realms of the people that have gone against the spiritual values and who, instead, have chosen bestial appetite, violence, or fraud and malice. The nine circles of hell are limbo, lust, gluttony, greed and wrath. Others are heresy, violence, fraud, and treachery. The purpose of this paper is to examine the Dante’s Inferno in the perspective of its portrayal of God’s image and the justification of hell. 

In this epic poem, God is portrayed as a super being guilty of multiple weaknesses including being egotistic, unjust, and hypocritical. Dante, in this poem, depicts God as being more human than divine by challenging God’s omnipotence. Additionally, the manner in which Dante describes Hell is in full contradiction to the morals of God as written in the Bible. When god arranges Hell to flatter Himself, He commits egotism, a sin that is common among human beings (Cheney, 2016). The weakness is depicted in Limbo and on the Gate of Hell where, for instance, God sends those who do not worship Him to Hell. This implies that failure to worship Him is a sin.

God is also depicted as lacking justice in His actions thus removing the godly image. The injustice is portrayed by the manner in which the sodomites and opportunists are treated. The opportunists are subjected to banner chasing in their lives after death followed by being stung by insects and maggots. They are known to having done neither good nor bad during their lifetimes and, therefore, justice could have demanded that they be granted a neutral punishment having lived a neutral life. The sodomites are also punished unfairly by God when Brunetto Lattini is condemned to hell despite being a good leader (Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). While he commited sodomy, God chooses to ignore all the other good deeds that Brunetto did.

Finally, God is also portrayed as being hypocritical in His actions, a sin that further diminishes His godliness and makes Him more human. A case in point is when God condemns the sin of egotism and goes ahead to commit it repeatedly. Proverbs 29:23 states that “arrogance will bring your downfall, but if you are humble, you will be respected.” When Slattery condemns Dante’s human state as being weak, doubtful, and limited, he is proving God’s hypocrisy because He is also human (Verdicchio, 2015). The actions of God in Hell as portrayed by Dante are inconsistent with the Biblical literature. Both Dante and God are prone to making mistakes, something common among human beings thus making God more human.

To wrap it up, Dante portrays God is more human since He commits the same sins that humans commit: egotism, hypocrisy, and injustice. Hell is justified as being a destination for victims of the mistakes committed by God. The Hell is presented as being a totally different place as compared to what is written about it in the Bible. As a result, reading through the text gives an image of God who is prone to the very mistakes common to humans thus ripping Him off His lofty status of divine and, instead, making Him a mere human. Whether or not Dante did it intentionally is subject to debate but one thing is clear in the poem: the misconstrued notion of God is revealed to future generations.



Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). Dante’s inferno: Seven deadly sins in scientific publishing and how to avoid them. Addiction Science: A Guide for the Perplexed, 267.

Cheney, L. D. G. (2016). Illustrations for Dante’s Inferno: A Comparative Study of Sandro Botticelli, Giovanni Stradano, and Federico Zuccaro. Cultural and Religious Studies4(8), 487.

Verdicchio, M. (2015). Irony and Desire in Dante’s” Inferno” 27. Italica, 285-297.