Provide a chronological history of the individual’s major life experiences.
Identify specific biological, psychological and sociological influences that shaped the individual’s experience.
Analyze the individual’s experiences by applying theory and concepts learned throughout both HBSE courses.
Provide your reflection of the experience, both in interviewing the individual and analyzing their narrative.
Explain what you learned and how you will apply this to future social work practice.
Prehistoric studies can be characterized as "the logical investigation of the human past, of antiquated human conduct, from the soonest times straight up to the present."(Fagan, 2006) .The investigation of paleohistory as a scholastic train is dependant on the precision of different dating techniques. Dating strategies in prehistoric studies can be isolated into two gatherings: Relative dating techniques and Absolute dating techniques. In spite of the fact that the significance of the diverse dating strategies may exceed each other, the all are imperative to the investigation of prehistoric studies all in all. This exposition will center around the significance of radio cell based dating, potassium argon dating, seriation and stratigraphy to the archeological investigation. Precise dating has dependably been of significance to researcher and classicist alike. In prehistoric studies dating can be arranged into relative dating and supreme dating methods. In pushing ahead clarify the significance of radio cell based dating, potassium argon dating, seriation and stratigraphy to the archeological investigation, one should first comprehend the distinction between relative dating and supreme dating in archaic exploration. Relative dating in antiquarianism accept the age of an ancient rarity in connection and by correlation with different items found in its environs. The style of the antiquity and its archeological area stratigraphically are required to touch base at a relative date. The breaking point to relative dating is that it can't give an exact year or a particular date of utilization. Outright dating then again is the technique for deciding an estimated ascertained age of an ancient rarity in prehistoric studies. The objective of classicist is eventually to know how old groupings, locales and ancient rarities are in logbook years. To achieve this total dating strategies are utilized. From conventional authentic strategies to those which depend on the considerable assortment of present day logical systems as of now accessible. When contrasted with relative dating which just gives a request of occasions, outright dating presents archeologists with a more ascertained assessment of the protest's age. The primary zone of discourse in understanding the diverse dating systems in paleontology would be stratigraphy. As indicated by Renfrew and Bahn, "stratigraphy is the investigation of stratification-the setting down or keeping of strata one over the other." (Renfrew and Bahn 2008, 122). This fundamentally includes requesting things into successions. A progression of layers ought to give a relative sequential arrangement from the most punctual (the base layer) to the most recent (top), as found in figure one. Note that stratigraphy includes the Law of Superposition. Fagan portrays the Law of Superposition as, "the idea that fundamental levels are sooner than those that cover them." (Fagan 2009, 103). He additionally clarifies that the lower levels are moderately sooner than the later strata, which is fundamentally involves. Logical archeologists got a handle on at this fairly rapidly, despite the fact that it wasn't utilized as a predictable system until around the turn of the nineteenth century. From that point forward, the method has been refined, and apparatuses, for example, theHarris Matrixassist in selecting the occasionally very muddled and fragile stores. The investigation of stratigraphy on archeological destinations was utilized as a part of North America and Mesopotamia. The significance of stratigraphy is great and well yet despite everything it doesn't give a precise type of dating, everything includes hypothesis. This is since as a destruction since archeological research endeavors in the most precise type of comprehension of the past social orders and societies. Figure1 Title: Stratification case Source: pages.vassar.edu The other archeological dating strategy to be examined is seriation. Seriation is an exceptionally regular type of archeological translation. Seriation is a type of relative dating system. With the presumption that antiquities changed with sitting back in radical ways, paleontologist utilize seriation strategies to put in relics in ordered request. Seriation is the changing of style of a question after some time. Renfrew and Bahn clarify that there are two renditions of the seriation method: relevant seriation and recurrence seriation. Logical seriation, additionally called sequenced dating is the place ancient rarities are orchestrated by the frequencies of their co-event in particular setting. In the nineteenth century Sir Flinders Petrie was the establishing father of this sort of seriation. He utilized this technique to build up arrange in extensive Egyptian graves. Recurrence seriation then again, was built up by an American paleontologist at a Mayan site in Yucatan 1940. The rule of recurrence seriation depends prevalently on estimating changes in the relative wealth, or recurrence of a clay style. W.S. Robinson and G.W. Brainerd in their paper distributed in American Antiquity in 1951 hypostasised two articulations about recurrence seriation. "To start with, the expected that earthenware styles bit by bit turn out to be more prevalent, achieve pinnacle of prominence, and afterward blur away. Besides, they contended that a given day and age, a pot style prominent at one site would also be famous at another."(Renfrew and Bahn 2008, 128). Excavator, for example, James A. Portage working in American Southeast and Frank Hole in Iran could set up ordered legitimacy utilizing this technique. "All things considered it ought to dependably be borne as a main priority that seriation independent from anyone else does not reveal to us which end of a given grouping is first and which last-the genuine sequence must be dictated by other means."(Renfrew and Bahn 2008, 128). Figure2 Title: Seriation of Pottery Source: http://anthro.palomar.edu/time/glossary.htm The following dating strategy to be examined is potassium argon dating. This is a sort of outright dating procedure. This strategy is utilized for the most part to date shakes a huge number of years old. "Geologists utilize this technique to date shakes as ahead of schedule as four to five billion years of age and as later as 100,000 years of age before exhibit." (Fagan 2009, 119). The world's outside layer is overwhelmed with potassium and thus it is available in relatively every mineral. Potassium argon dating depends on the rule of radio dynamic rot, the relentless however moderate rot of radioactive isotope potassium - 40 (40K) to the idle gas argon-40 (40Ar) in volcanic shake. Knowing the rot rate of 40K-its half life is around 1.3 billion years-a measure of the nature of 40 Ar caught inside a 10g shake test gives and gauge of the date of the stone's development. The significant restrictions of the strategy are that it must be utilized to date destinations covered by volcanic shake, and an exactness of +10 percent is infrequently accomplished. Notwithstanding, potassium argon dating assumed a pivotal part in the site Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania. The site in East Africa was the premise of the investigation of human advancement, as it yielded fossil stays of Australopithecus, Homo habilis, and Homo erectus, and in addition substantial quantities of stone antiquities and bones. It ought to be noticed that the Rift Valley in Olduvai is a volcanic region, and its two multi year old order has been built up by potassium argon dating of the applicable stores of solidify volcanic cinder and different materials. The last archeological dating strategy to be examined is the total dating system radio cell based dating. Radio cell based dating majorly affects prehistoric studies, specifically on pre history since the absence of a composed record leaves much to guess. Radio carbon has changed our comprehension of the past. As per Bowman the materials which can be dated by radio carbon are those which once shaped piece of the biosphere and are along these lines natural. For instance, the most ordinarily safeguarded test writes happening on British destinations are bones, shells and charcoal. (Bowman 1990, 12). The pioneer for radio cell based dating is the American scientist Willard Libby, who in 1949 distributed the main radio cell based dates. Libby had been one of the researchers amid World War II who was contemplating infinite radiation, the sub-nuclear particles that continually besieged the earth, delivering high-vitality neutrons. "These neutrons respond with nitrogen particles in the environment to deliver iotas of carbon-14 (14C), or radio carbon, which are shaky in light of the fact that they have eight neutrons in the core since they have eight neutrons in the core rather than the standard six concerning common carbon (12C). This accessibility prompts radioactive rot of 14C at a normal rate. Libby evaluated that it took 5568 long stretches of half of the 14C in any example to rot – its half life – albeit present day explore demonstrates that more exact figure is 5730 years." (Renfrew and Bahn 2008, 142). Libby broke down that the rot of radiocarbon at a steady rate ought to be adjusted by its consistent generation through inestimable radiation and hence the extent of 14C in the air ought to continue as before all through time. In any case, Libby's about the level of 14C in the air has shifted some what, since the radio cell based dates acquired from tree-rings demonstrate that before around 1000BC, trees were presented to more noteworthy convergences of air 14C than they are today. Now it ought to be noticed that this radio carbon strategy can be utilized anyplace, regardless of the atmosphere, insofar as there is material or natural starting point. This is diverse when contrasted with the other total dating procedure examined above potassium argon which is just constrained to dating volcanic rocks. Amid the last 50% of the twentieth century, certain headways had been made to help rectify the confinements of radiocarbon dating. For example the quickening agent mass spectrometry (AMS) strategy is turning into the predominant technique utilized as a part of radiocarbon dating. This requires littler examples still. AMS checks the iotas of 14C straightforwardly, neglecting their radioactivity. The base example estimate is diminished to in that capacity little as 5-10mg, in this manner empowering valuable natural materials, for example, the Turin cover , to be tested and straightforwardly dated, and making>GET ANSWER