Wildemess management raises a number of theoretical and very practical problems.
The complexity of dealing with wilderness management led Aldo Leopold to develop
his influential land ethic. But other forms of thinking about land and nature have also
driven policies toward the wilderness. For instance, a utilitarian, instrumental approach
to the environment might argue for pursuing whatever policy maximizes benefits to
humans. This perspective could take into consideration the importance of long-term
sustainability while still remaining anthropocentric in its outlook

The instrumental approach was largely responsible for the original disappearance of
wolves from Yellowstone National Park Wolves were seen as a threat to people and
livestock You might think that Leopold’s land ethic would clearly come out in favor of
the reintroduction of wolves. But the situation in fact is more complicated-and might
highlight some larger questions about the land ethic itself. For one thing, Leopold’s
eoocentric theory puts the good of the whole system at its center. But what whole
system? Once the wolves have been gone from a place for many years, that place
itself acquires a new kind of natural balance. Humans might not always like that
balance: in Yellowstone, for instance, the feeling was that there were too many elk and
not enough plants But reintroducing wolves is itself a human interference in the natural
order, even if it’s proposed in order to right a former interference. Perhaps we’re still
mythologizing the wolf, this time seeing it as heroic instead of villainous. On the other
hand, perhaps the very idea of human noninterference in nature is itself an impossible

1: Write a critical evaluation that presents your position on
ecosystems and includes answers to DesJardins Chapter 8 Discussion Question 2: Do
you support reintroducing wolves into the Yellowstone ecosystem? Why or why not?
Respond to those who would oppose your conclusions (201).

In answering Essay Question Topic 1, carefully review, reflect upon, and attempt to
integrate the textbook material covered in DesJardins Chapter 8. Your critical
evaluation should include all the Essential Elements listed in the Essay Writing Guide:
introduction, thesis statement, definitions and examples, 4-6 body paragraphs (4-8
sentences each), arguments, counterargument and response, quotations, and
conclusion- As noted in the Essay Writing Guide, you should “employ [your] critical
thinking skills” and ensure “an evaluative component is central” to your essay-

Write a critical evaluation that presents your position on ecosystems and includes answers to DesJardins

Do you support reintroducing wolves into the Yellowstone ecosystem? Why or why not? Respond to those who would oppose your conclusions




Sample Solution

Sample solution

Dante Alighieri played a critical role in the literature world through his poem Divine Comedy that was written in the 14th century. The poem contains Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso. The Inferno is a description of the nine circles of torment that are found on the earth. It depicts the realms of the people that have gone against the spiritual values and who, instead, have chosen bestial appetite, violence, or fraud and malice. The nine circles of hell are limbo, lust, gluttony, greed and wrath. Others are heresy, violence, fraud, and treachery. The purpose of this paper is to examine the Dante’s Inferno in the perspective of its portrayal of God’s image and the justification of hell. 

In this epic poem, God is portrayed as a super being guilty of multiple weaknesses including being egotistic, unjust, and hypocritical. Dante, in this poem, depicts God as being more human than divine by challenging God’s omnipotence. Additionally, the manner in which Dante describes Hell is in full contradiction to the morals of God as written in the Bible. When god arranges Hell to flatter Himself, He commits egotism, a sin that is common among human beings (Cheney, 2016). The weakness is depicted in Limbo and on the Gate of Hell where, for instance, God sends those who do not worship Him to Hell. This implies that failure to worship Him is a sin.

God is also depicted as lacking justice in His actions thus removing the godly image. The injustice is portrayed by the manner in which the sodomites and opportunists are treated. The opportunists are subjected to banner chasing in their lives after death followed by being stung by insects and maggots. They are known to having done neither good nor bad during their lifetimes and, therefore, justice could have demanded that they be granted a neutral punishment having lived a neutral life. The sodomites are also punished unfairly by God when Brunetto Lattini is condemned to hell despite being a good leader (Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). While he commited sodomy, God chooses to ignore all the other good deeds that Brunetto did.

Finally, God is also portrayed as being hypocritical in His actions, a sin that further diminishes His godliness and makes Him more human. A case in point is when God condemns the sin of egotism and goes ahead to commit it repeatedly. Proverbs 29:23 states that “arrogance will bring your downfall, but if you are humble, you will be respected.” When Slattery condemns Dante’s human state as being weak, doubtful, and limited, he is proving God’s hypocrisy because He is also human (Verdicchio, 2015). The actions of God in Hell as portrayed by Dante are inconsistent with the Biblical literature. Both Dante and God are prone to making mistakes, something common among human beings thus making God more human.

To wrap it up, Dante portrays God is more human since He commits the same sins that humans commit: egotism, hypocrisy, and injustice. Hell is justified as being a destination for victims of the mistakes committed by God. The Hell is presented as being a totally different place as compared to what is written about it in the Bible. As a result, reading through the text gives an image of God who is prone to the very mistakes common to humans thus ripping Him off His lofty status of divine and, instead, making Him a mere human. Whether or not Dante did it intentionally is subject to debate but one thing is clear in the poem: the misconstrued notion of God is revealed to future generations.



Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). Dante’s inferno: Seven deadly sins in scientific publishing and how to avoid them. Addiction Science: A Guide for the Perplexed, 267.

Cheney, L. D. G. (2016). Illustrations for Dante’s Inferno: A Comparative Study of Sandro Botticelli, Giovanni Stradano, and Federico Zuccaro. Cultural and Religious Studies4(8), 487.

Verdicchio, M. (2015). Irony and Desire in Dante’s” Inferno” 27. Italica, 285-297.