Respond to the following prompt with a minimum of 300 words.
Describe the four themes William Beer discusses about step-siblings, including what they are called and the overall affect on the family.
Respond to the following prompt, in your own words, with a minimum of 300 words.
What prospects do you think await you in old age? Is it possible to prepare for old age? What, if any steps, will you take personally to get ready for retirement and old age?
they can do with help (Bartlett, J.2016) Based on Piaget’s theories, educators had viewed children’s knowledge as constructed from personal experiences, but Vygotsky’s work showed that social and cognitive development work together, so that personal and social experience cannot be separated (Bartlett,J.2016) Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi (1990) states that people learn best when they are in a state of flow— when they are so engaged in an activity that they lose track of everything else around them. Building on Vygotsky’s work, he points out that for every task in which we engage, we have an ability level that determines how successful we will be. When tasks are just above our ability level, allowing us to be challenged but also achieve success, we are more likely to experience a state of flow. However, Vygotsky never offers an explanation about individual pupil’s reaction to being challenged. Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi (1990) concluded that ‘the state of flow, however, is very individual. A set of activities that evokes flow in one student will not necessarily evoke flow in the next, presenting the need for differentiation’. Some believe successful teachers construct small, achievable steps for all pupils, bridging the gap between their current strengths and their future learning. When it works well, differentiated teaching enables all pupils to feel secure and confident, even when challenged, and leaves them constantly surprised by their own achievements (South Gloucestershire Education Service) The national curriculum (DFEE/QCA, 1999, pp30-37) outlines principles relating to inclusion to ensure that all children have a legal right to access to a broad and balanced curriculum and to effective learning opportunities. One of the three main principles is setting suitable learning challenges. ‘Recent legislation has further championed the importance of inclusive education. In May 2003 Excellence and Enjoyment (A strategy for primary schools) was launched. This set out a vision for the future of primary education. It emphasised that in order for every child to succeed, they must be provided with an inclusive education’ (Ivett,N. 2007). Kerry and Kerry (1998) note that ‘some teachers may have low expectations of those they label as ‘low ability’ this in turn denies them the opportunity to prove that they are able to achieve mor>GET ANSWER