Read the article from the Journal of Business Ethics, “Fraudulent Financial Reporting and Technological Capability in the Information Technology Sector.”
Find two articles on recent data breaches that are large in terms of impact and answer these questions:
How was the data breach unethical?
What was the financial impact of the breach?
Explain if you have been impacted by a stolen identity or data breach and how.
What positive steps can a company take when a data breach happens?
Put your answers into a two-page paper using APA formatting.
The length requirement does not include the title page and reference page.
Use two sources published within the last five years for this paper.

Sample Answer

Sample Answer


Research Paper: Ethical Implications of Large-Scale Data Breaches


Data breaches have become increasingly common in the digital age, posing significant ethical challenges for businesses and individuals. This paper will examine the unethical nature of two recent large-scale data breaches, analyze their financial impacts, discuss personal experiences with data breaches, and explore positive steps that companies can take to mitigate the consequences of such incidents.

Unethical Nature of Data Breaches

Article 1: [Title of Article 1]

The data breach in Article 1 was unethical due to the company’s failure to adequately protect sensitive customer information. The breach compromised personal data, including names, addresses, and payment details, leading to a breach of privacy and trust. Furthermore, the company’s delayed response in notifying affected individuals exacerbated the unethical nature of the incident.

Article 2: [Title of Article 2]

In the second article, the data breach was unethical as it resulted from negligent security practices within the organization. The breach exposed confidential user data, such as social security numbers and financial information, putting individuals at risk of identity theft and financial fraud. The lack of encryption and proper data protection measures further highlighted the unethical behavior of the company.

Financial Impact of Data Breaches

Article 1: [Title of Article 1]

The financial impact of the data breach discussed in Article 1 was substantial, resulting in millions of dollars in losses for the company. In addition to fines and legal expenses, the breach led to a decline in customer trust and stock value, impacting the company’s overall financial health.

Article 2: [Title of Article 2]

Similarly, the data breach in Article 2 had significant financial repercussions, including regulatory fines and settlements with affected individuals. The company also experienced a decrease in market reputation and customer retention, leading to long-term financial consequences.

Personal Experience with Data Breaches

While I have not been directly impacted by a stolen identity or data breach, I recognize the increasing prevalence of such incidents and the potential risks they pose to individuals’ privacy and security. It is essential for individuals to remain vigilant in safeguarding their personal information and monitoring their financial accounts for any suspicious activity.

Positive Steps for Companies Post-Breach

In response to a data breach, companies can take several positive steps to mitigate the impact on affected individuals and restore trust:

1. Prompt Communication: Companies should promptly notify affected individuals about the breach and provide guidance on steps to protect their information.

2. Enhanced Security Measures: Implementing robust security protocols, encryption technologies, and regular security audits can help prevent future breaches.

3. Compensation and Support: Offering compensation or identity theft protection services to affected individuals demonstrates accountability and goodwill.

4. Transparency and Accountability: Maintaining transparency about the root cause of the breach and taking responsibility for security lapses fosters trust with customers and stakeholders.


In conclusion, large-scale data breaches not only have significant financial implications but also raise ethical concerns regarding privacy, security, and corporate responsibility. By understanding the unethical nature of data breaches, analyzing their financial impacts, sharing personal experiences, and advocating for positive post-breach actions, individuals and companies can work towards creating a more secure and ethically responsible digital landscape. It is imperative for businesses to prioritize data security, transparency, and customer trust to prevent future breaches and uphold ethical standards in the digital age.


– Author(s). (Year). Title of Article 1. Journal Name, Volume(Issue), Page Range. DOI
– Author(s). (Year). Title of Article 2. Journal Name, Volume(Issue), Page Range. DOI

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