Identifications: Regarding these people, terms, and ideas, be able to accomplish the following in paragraph form on the final exam: identify who or what, where, when, and how it relates to this class.
“Apollonians and Dionysians”
ethnicity vs. ancestry
“Maracanazo” of 1950
Spanish Civil War
tactics vs. playing style
Essays: On the exam I will ask you to respond to one of these essay questions listed below. Plan on taking whatever time/space you deem necessary to fully answer the question. Be sure to provide as many examples from class/readings as possible.
- Consider the spread and popularization of soccer from its origins to its current place as the most popular sport in the majority of countries. What factors allowed for soccer to spread so widely, and what can account for its popularity?
- Soccer is well known for inspiring passion among fans. Why does soccer so often seem to attract such uniquely passionate fans? Think carefully about this question and provide examples from class explaining different forms of fan devotion and behavior.
- Consider the question of playing style in world soccer. What are the factors that determine how players of different backgrounds (geographical, cultural, economic, etc.) play the game? Take into account examples from lecture and readings.
" It is terrible enough that individuals are biting the dust of AIDS however nobody should bite the dust of numbness." Elizabeth Taylor Each human has the privilege to gain and access ideal wellbeing. Over the previous hundreds of years, medication has progressed astoundingly with more fixes; be that as it may, the closer we get to the panacea, the further it shows up inside reach because of the development of new cataclysms. Numerous pandemics have broken out in the past clearing out populaces. Be that as it may, the progression of innovation and medication have empowered new systems to recognize and analyze maladies and have presented creative courses of action for successful treatment plans. Subsequently, the main protection for infections is our resistant framework that established the hidden framework for the disclosure of antibodies that added to the reduction in the death rate and vaccinated numerous plagues. Therefore, the advancement of antibodies gave primer security as it develops memory cells that set up the body to battle the malady when presented to it. The best confinement to the improvement of immunizations has been the restricted assets that are accessible for innovative work. With all the infections researchers have experienced to date, HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) which advances into AIDS has caused probably the best casualty, first causing a pandemic at that point binding into a plague in a few nations. Known as the "quiet executioner", HIV starts of asymptomatic with a corruption of the invulnerable framework and the counter acting agent test must be taken following 3 months of procuring the disease. It is one of the best 5 driving reasons for death in South Africa with 7.2 million individuals influenced, putting it fourth on the rundown of nations with the most astounding rates, 18.9%, of HIV/AIDS. This has caused a pestilence in the nation causing various fatalities and bringing down the personal satisfaction. Be that as it may, with legitimate social instruction and restorative offices, these rates can be definitely diminished and averted. In spite of the fact that HIV/AIDS fatalities have diminished in numerous nations, the quantities of cases appear to heighten constantly in South Africa. Ailment scourge is a social procedure brought about by a blend of various components that have added to the sign of the HIV pestilence in South Africa. The distal components are intermediates that encourage HIV transmission however don't act legitimately on it. They are the channels that speed up pathways of HIV transmission and predominance. The multiplication in the cases is because of the misguided judgment and observation communicated in the general public in regards to the infection. Everything begins with a hierarchal figure while related contemplations and convictions are the standards of society. The leader of South Africa expressed in an UN Assembly: "When you pose the inquiry 'Does HIV cause AIDS?', the inquiry is: 'Does an infection cause a disorder?'. It can't… .An infection can't cause a disorder. The disorder is a gathering of maladies because of insusceptible inadequacy, of the AIDS." A president who states such incorrect announcement before the entire world gives us a knowledge into the conclusiveness that possesses the philosophy of the South African individuals' musings and convictions. This forswearing of science has incited and drawn out the plague in the nation wildly and cost the nation the lives of millions. This misrepresentation and obliviousness relapsed the goals to conquer HIV and prompted the plague the nation is confronting. Glancing back at history, there are a progression of occasions that have heightened to this mentality and segregation towards HIV contaminated people. Initially, it's accepted that HIV/AIDS started among gay people (guys), whores and medication infusion clients and on the off chance that you didn't connect yourself with these gatherings you would not secure the malady. Additionally, it was a malady of decision and the individuals were accused for having authority over the securing and transmission of the infection. Being the just a single mindful, their finding was marked as a degenerate demonstration which downgraded and dehumanized an individual making searing trashing among the general public. Defamation dehumanizes them as well as makes this boundary that blocks and denies them of getting restorative treatment and analysis. Various investigations of HIV/AIDS-related disgrace have been directed to depict the convictions and numbness that spreads the nation and relapsed the decrease of the infection. One examination led the conventional convictions related with the reason for AIDS and their frames of mind towards the disorder. Absence of instruction projects and disengagement from the advanced world has showed convictions among networks. 11% of those overviewed trusted AIDS was brought about by an otherworldly control. This customary conviction expresses that on the off chance that you infuriate the spirits of precursors or God, they will send ailments to the individual or pull back their security. Subsequently, this brings a feeling of aversion and shamefulness of social authorizations towards the harrowed. As an end, obliviousness has been corresponded with the negative HIV/AIDS-related derision which has prevented testing and treatment. Another examination centers around the connection of talk and learning of the infection with disparagement. The investigation demonstrates that living in high predominance territories furnishes more noteworthy introduction to People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA) and a channel of correspondence between the tainted individual and a person. This trade will uncover the truth of living with the infection and the present information of treatment, saw accessibility of antiretroviral medications, and anticipation administrations gave to fight and deal with the illness. Besides, diminished dread, misconstruing and fault are found among people who had individual/direct contact with PLHA not communicating the pessimistic HIV-related vilification present in the general public. In actuality, territories with low pervasiveness communicated the most noteworthy negative frames of mind towards PLHA influencing the accessibility of the treatment program (ARV) and hurrying the spread of the infection. Unsupportive people group dehumanize the contaminated individual upsetting their day by day lives as their distorting indications progress with no guide. Financial hardship has constrained ladies to sell their bodies for essential human endurance ignoring any danger of explicitly transmitted contaminations that they may contract. This edginess for endurance, to get nourishment, pay lease, bring up their kids, have asked ladies to revoke their human rights to male predominance. Also, the subservient job of ladies is a social show that is socially deserving of the network. There will be social, physical and monetary expenses to pay for damaging men's capacity, the neighborhood standard; this incorporates misuse, loss of money related help, disparagement, disgrace and at times their lives. Men abuse ladies' monetary defenselessness to force hazardous sexual practices that strip's ladies' wellbeing and trustworthiness. This subjects ladies to perilous sex as the men reject utilizing a condom, making them profoundly helpless. Manliness is characterized by "substance to tissue" sex as it is essential for good wellbeing, to keep up the blood/sperm inside the body. Witnesses talked about the perils of sperm gathering that prompts a scope of mental and physical issues. Besides, they accentuated "tissue to substance" sex was the main pleasurable approach to meeting sexual wants and manliness debilitating the utilization of condoms. In addition, viciousness and power are factors that demonstrate their manliness that they need to force on ladies. In any case, sex is the cash which will exceed all the agony and savagery ladies persevere. Rebellion will cost them misuse, demonization and social dismissal. An examination was led to inspect the psycho-social setting of HIV transmission among business sex laborers in a gold mining area. The vast majority of these men have moved and left their families so as to bring home the bacon and bolster themselves. Be that as it may, this places them in critical circumstances in which they are housed in single sex lodgings. This has pulled in business sex laborers to settle in shacks to suit these single men. In an ongoing review, 25% of the Miners and 69% of sex laborers were HIV positive (Williams,1999). As indicated by social standards, men ought to keep up their manliness and wellbeing by looking for closeness and drawing in "substance to tissue" sex. In addition, it fills in as a method for dealing with stress for the dangers and perils of their regular working lives. The business is treated as an organic market with the client continually being correct; ladies can just agree. Ladies contract a wide range of STI's, including HIV, as men won't utilize condoms and in no time they will be at their demise bed. The franticness of cash exceeds the hazardous peril HIV convincing ladies to chance their wellbeing and life. Dry sex is another social custom practiced for men's pleasure. This procedure includes ladies embed natural aphrodisiacs, family cleansers, and germicides into their vaginas before sex, to guarantee they are "hot, tight, and dry". Men oblige this training as it makes their accomplices/sex laborer feel like "virgins." Young ladies have a juvenile genital tract with less mucous layers so dry sex will expand the rubbing making them progressively helpless to tearing. Moreover, the presentation of synthetic concoctions in the delicate territory makes irreversible harm the female genitalia. Besides, semen liquid has a higher viral burden than vaginal liquid which expands the compression receptivity. In any case, ladies are happy to go for broke of HIV because of two reasons: more customers as it gives higher sexual fulfillment and vaginal release is viewed as an indication of disorder. "Men don't care for free vaginas. On the off chance that sex is wet the man thinks I have engaged in sexual relations with another person and afterward he won't pay me." Mother to tyke transmission (MTCT) has added to the high death rates and high commonness rates in youngsters. The maternal viral loa>GET ANSWER