Quantitative methods have been the traditional hallmarks of scientific inquiry. From an early age, we are all aware of the mathematical rigors involved in quantitative analyses. In the discipline of criminal justice, researchers utilize a variety of statistical tools with which to analyze empirical data. The inferences and conclusions that are drawn from such quantitative techniques have provided for empirically-based public policy, increased professionalism in law enforcement, and the development of more effective rehabilitative tools within corrections. Were it not for quantitative methods, much of what we current know about the world of criminal justice would not exist.
After reading the Worrall article and Chapter 8 of Creswell’s Research Design, identify and discuss the key tenets of quantitative research methods used in research in criminal justice:
What do you see as the most critical aspects of quantitative research methods?
How do these key tenets of quantitative research assist us when evaluating criminal justice data?
How do these key tenets contribute to successfully interpreting published research findings?
How would you apply these tenets to answer a criminal justice research question?
Swiss Confederation was established in 1291 as a protective collusion among three cantons. In succeeding years, different regions joined the first three. The Swiss Confederation anchored its freedom from the Holy Roman Empire in 1499. Switzerland’s sway and lack of bias have for quite some time been respected by the real European forces, and the nation was not engaged with both two world wars. The political and financial mix of Europe over the past 50 years, and Switzerland’s part in numerous UN and worldwide associations, has reinforced Switzerland’s ties with its neighbors. Switzerland stays dynamic in numerous UN and universal associations yet holds a solid duty to lack of bias. Switzerland is in the core of Europe between the Alps and the Jura mountains, where it is circumscribed by Germany toward the north, France toward the west, Italy toward the south, and Austria and Liechtenstein toward the east. Considering this brought together area, Switzerland offers an awesome assortment in societies and dialects Today the aggregate populace in Switzerland is around 8.5 million(Fig.2), counterparts to 0.11% of the aggregate total populace, the clear majority of whom live in the real urban areas – Zurich, Basel, Geneva and Berne. In correlation with other European nations, the extent of outsiders is especially high in Switzerland speaking to around 24% of the inhabitant populace. Most outside occupants originate from Europe – Italy (15.4%), Germany (15.1%) and Portugal (13.1%). Notwithstanding, the extent of inhabitants who originate from different mainland is marginally expanding. As populace development controls, the level of elderly individuals increments evaluating that by 2045, the proportion of inhabitants over the retirement age of 65 would move to 48.1 for every 100 occupants somewhere in the range of 20 and 64 years of age, and conceivably as high as 50.0 in the most noteworthy case Switzerland’s economy is vigorous as far as total national output (GDP). On the off chance that we consider GDP per capita, it is among the most extravagant nations on the planet. The fundamental wellsprings of Switzerland’s GDP incorporate administrations (71%), industry, for example, apparatus fabricate, pharmaceuticals creation and watchmaking (27%). The Gross Domestic Product per capita in Switzerland was last recorded at 76667.44 US dollars in 2017. The GDP per Capita in Switzerland is comparable to 607 per cent of the world’s normal. Gross domestic product per capita in Switzerland arrived at the midpoint of 66265.13 USD from 1980 until 2017 (Fig.3). Arrangements on reshaping Switzerland’s association with the EU will stay troublesome and two-sided relations tense. Parliament has passed a “delicate” execution of the 2014 submission constraining movement, to conform to Swiss-EU respective settlements, yet another vote is conceivable. The national bank will keep its arrangement rate profoundly negative to debilitate the fr>GET ANSWER