Read the case, “A Declaration of War: A Case of Competition in the Video Game Industry.” Does VGE set its transfer prices (i.e., royalty payments) more on market prices, costs, or some negotiated price? Explain using details from the case. Then, list one other issue the CFO should consider with regard to the structure of the royalty payments from VGE to Digital Creations.
the alternative side of accountability, in a broader, normative sense, stems from Friedrich’s characterization of responsibility. accountability in this vast sense comes near ‘a experience of individual duty,’ ‘a effective fine in public agencies or officers,’ and ‘a willingness to behave responsibly and responsively.’ Bovens (1998; 2010) emphasized the evaluative dimensions of accountability and termed this “energetic obligation” and “duty-as-distinctive feature” because it refers to a fixed of norms that proactively guide the behaviors of public actors who take internal responsibility for his or her energetic, each-second practices of public policy. The concept approach extra than mere compliance with government orders and regulation; alternatively, it embraces the more than one expectancies, values, and perceptions of diverse stakeholders. Romzek and Dubnik (1987) supplied an example of a broader definition of accountability via suggesting that “public administration responsibility includes the means with the aid of which public groups and their employees control the various expectations generated inside and out of doors the company” (Romzek and Dubnick, 1987: 228). Managerial duty and public accountability The conceptual framework between political and administrative responsibilities has been critical to addressing exceptional styles of problems, requirements, frameworks, and analytical dimensions inside the awesome styles of duty (Bovens, 2010). It also significantly contributed to our information of such multifaceted umbrella time period. the broader idea of political accountability in evaluation with the narrower meaning of administrative responsibility has created a wider scope in regards to constituency and heightened robust moral values such as responsiveness, inclusiveness, and equity. in this regard, political accountability can be interpreted as ‘public accountability’ of the bureaucracy to citizens in a web of “mutual and collective [democratic] responsibility” (Behn, 2001: a hundred twenty five). however, ‘managerial accountability’ may be understood as “the managerial form of [administrative] responsibility,” which refers back to the answerability to NPM-pushed control structures and institutional mechanisms (Afzal and Considine, 2015: 47). applying the analytical difference between vertical and horizontal dimensions of political duty (O’Donnell, 1998), a broader experience of accountability—political responsibility—sheds mild on the vertical scope in which citizens and civil society businesses take part in exacting ethical accountability, that is distinct from horizontal responsibility—administrative duty—exercised through a hierarchical system of exams and balances. whilst the concept of public duty widens the scope of political duty to responsibility in democratic networked governance, the context-based idea of managerial responsibility narrows the scope of administrative duty, which excludes non-NPM institutional obligation. but, all of these frameworks belong to the static domain without time measurement, which truely turns out to be dynamic. three-2. left out time measurement>GET ANSWER