After having read the text and any additional research you choose, explain what all hazards means. Assess how all hazards and terrorism relate or do not relate when viewed from an overall homeland security/emergency management perspective. Should 1 take precedence over the other when it comes to disaster management? Why or why not? Be sure to consider the 4 phases of emergency management when answering this prompt.
Social Identity, Subcultures and Style Social personality is regularly fixing to the idea of "subculture," the individuals from which for the most part promote their faithfulness by settling on unmistakable and representative decisions in such things as apparel, haircuts and footwear. Different components, including normal interests, slang and lingos, melodic types and meeting places are additionally vital variables. Subcultures offer members a personality outside of the ones attributed by social establishments, for example, work, family, home and school. What pursues will be an investigation of the job subcultures play in forming social personality, with a specific accentuation on mold. Youth subcultures can be characterized as "meaning frameworks, methods of articulation or ways of life created by gatherings in subordinate basic positions in light of predominant frameworks, which mirror their endeavor to comprehend basic logical inconsistencies ascending from the more extensive societal setting" (Brake, 1985). The term can likewise allude to explicit subsets of a subculture, that is, sub-subcultures, or "scenes," which are generally land, for example, the London goth scene or the American drum and bass scenes. Scenes will in general be unstable, deliberately negligible and innate, with a few individuals acting elitist towards those viewed as less trendy, and with a general oppositional frame of mind towards the way of life everywhere (Thornton, 1995). Numerous subcultures characterize themselves as being against the "standard," or the marketed culture advanced by the media. This division, the subculture versus the standard, is regularly to a greater degree a method for keeping up uniqueness than a real social refinement (Grönlund and Holme, 2004). For what is the standard, truly, yet a lot of subcultures? Furthermore, how do the most dark subcultures discover their way into the psyches (and closets) of youngsters, if not through the media, which is basically the mouthpiece of the prevailing society? In all actuality there is much cover between societies, both of all shapes and sizes, both pervasive and cloud, and this forward and backward trade of thoughts is pivotal in personality development, regardless of what the source or generally speaking result. Subcultures may keep going for broad periods, similar to the punk or hip-jump developments, or blur away nearly when they are conceived. They might be revolved around games, (for example, the surf or skateboard culture), writing, (for example, the Beat age), form or religion (Rinehart and Sydnor, 2003). To take a gander at an a subculture is to inspect the ephemera related with the gathering – attire, music, governmental issues, and so forth – and furthermore the manners by which these images are translated by individuals from the overwhelming society (Straw, 1991). Every subculture has an unmistakable individual style, with certain methods for dressing (garments, shoes haircuts), talking (slang) and assembling (ravers at move clubs, bikers at bars, and so forth.). Subcultures are consistently joining and recombining old images in new routes, in a kind of kaleidoscope of youth legend and culture. Youth personality itself moves working together with these type changes (Damrell, 1978). Punk, for instance, grasped an assortment of accessories that, ragged all together, seemed nearly as a uniform. As found in the photo beneath, these incorporate tore, adjusted or "bothered" garments; studded armlets and accessories; tattoos, piercings and other body changes; spiked, colored and flighty haircuts; and so on. Be that as it may, what do these garments decisions mean? What do these images speak to? One approach to investigate the punk tasteful is to balance it with its antecedent, the Teddy Boy recovery. While the "'Teds' resuscitated social accessories so as to impact a mysterious come back to the past, or a bona fide complex tasteful, punks intentionally struck significance completely, taunting not just those credited by people outside their gathering, however those they created themselves, trying to sidestep conclusion on importance of their seals" (Hebdige, 1979). The punk reception of the swastika, for instance, was a to some degree opposing signifier in the transaction of punk subculture. While it was embraced as an image of resistance, as a powerful method to rouse outrage, the punks themselves were not fundamentalists at all, but rather the inverse, adjusting themselves to the Labor party, hostile to destitution activists and the extreme left (Brake, 1985). Wearing a swastika, along these lines, turned into an emblematic opening, an encouragement to arrange meaning. Interestingly, while the Teddy Boy Pentecostals of the mid seventies built up a style dependent on sentimentality, made up of long coat tails, bouffant hairdos and rockabilly music, all trying to look back to a former time, the gathering was "emblematically shut… implications credited to their representative decorations were settled, and a similar whether saw from inside or outside the gathering" (Hebdige, 1979). While generally important, subcultures like punk are profoundly precarious, and defenseless against co-choice all things considered. There is a comparative procedure of character and style arrangement on account of hip-jump culture: "Hip– bounce craftsmen use style as a type of personality arrangement which plays on class refinements and chains of command by utilizing products to guarantee the social landscape. Garments and utilization customs vouch for the intensity of utilization as a methods for social articulation" (Rose, 1994). Character and style arrangement in the hip-jump network are frequently one in the equivalent, as can be prove by self– naming in rap music, "marking" the roads by method for customized spray painting labels, and the serious encounters between free-form contenders, breakdance teams and spray painting specialists. Like punk, hip– bounce's resistance is coordinated outward, at the prevailing structure, or "the man." Dominant, standard culture is taunted through emblematic arrays which can achieve silly statures. As found in the photos beneath, these may incorporate affected montages of adornments or "bling;" gigantic originator patches sewed onto apparel and different extras; and an assortment of other social accessories, from gold teeth and sports garbs to extravagant vehicles and champagne. This all goes about as sort of a "fashion fighting against Fifth Avenue high fashion, for young people who comprehend their constrained access to conventional roads of societal position fulfillment" (in the same place). Both hip-jump and punk, alongside different subcultures, are liable to change and transaction, quite a bit of which focuses on thoughts of genuineness (Gunn, 1999). For instance, in the "goth" kind, prevalent music might be characterized or re-characterized as far as canonisation: "Consecrating at the same time widens and settles nonexclusive limits, accounting for the consideration of new music in reference to the old. The rationale here works metonymically by settling recently perceived groups of authentic importance as the originators of a given melodic type, so future melodic acts with comparable sounds may grow nonexclusive limits with the real estimation of distinction" (on the same page). The critical factor here is realness. An inauthentic goth tune or gathering would not fit serenely inside the subculture. Design works much in a similar way. For instance, a "genuine" goth's uniform is commonly dark, which incorporates dark nail clean, eyeliner and lipstick, alongside belts, wristbands and so forth. This is regularly matched with a "spooky," pale face, with the whole troupe bringing out something out of a fantasy, or even the Gothic time frame itself. A portion of these different decisions can be seen on the gathering beneath. In any case, goth style, notwithstanding punk, have both turned out to be consumed by the standard. These days, any young person can go to a nearby Hot Topic, Urban Outfitters or comparable retailer, that has practical experience in punk, goth, retro, shake 'n roll or "option" styles, and attempt on the tasteful. The thought of genuineness reveals some insight into our comprehension of the arrangement of character inside different subcultures. Sort can be extremely regional due to how much self-origination is fixing to a specific gathering. Contentions over new styles, specialists and language, and regardless of whether to incorporate or avoid them, express the challenge between not at all like characters in what may be known as a "canonization of selves." (Damrell, 1978). One can regularly recognize young people from grown-ups, by their age, as well as by their apparel, stride, stance and words. What's more, in the West in any event, success has delayed the section into adulthood, which has expanded the significance of youth subcultures as far as a scan for personality. Subcultures permit an unmistakable way not exclusively to see the world, however to be in it, giving, generally, a positive capacity in facilitating the change from adolescence to adulthood. And keeping in mind that the larger part of specialists leave these adolescent subcultures eventually, shedding their counter-culture personas for those of the standard, there will dependably be waiting notices of one's old devotions, regardless of whether they be photos, tattoos, or basically recollections. What's more, thusly, one's associations with youth culture, alongside the wellsprings of character that run with it, never completely blur away.>GET ANSWER