The below are two students’ discussions postings.

Student #1
America’s ToothFairy Smile Drive is an oral health initiative sponsored by the National Children’s Oral Health Foundation (NCOHF). The NCOHF was formed in 2006 as a collaborative effort between health professionals, academicians, corporate leaders, and caring individuals to increase oral health care by supporting non-profit clinics and community partners (NCOHF, 2016b). The mission of NCOHF is to provide education, prevention and treatment services for underserved children. America’s ToothFairy Smile Drive raises awareness about children’s dental health and collecting preventive dental care supplies, such as toothbrushes, toothpaste, floss, rinses, and mouthguards for children in need. This initiative engages with several partners outside of the dental profession to increase awareness and emphasize the importance of the oral and systemic health connection. The goal is to ensure children in underserved populations are able to eat, sleep, and attend school free of dental pain. Partners of America’s ToothFairy include the Boys and Girls Club, United States Hispanic Chamber of Commerce Foundation, National Association of School Nurses, Food Research and Action Center, Global Dental Relief, FDI World Dental Federation, AphA Foundation, Youth Service America, and Smile for a Lifetime (NCOHF, 2016a). Churches, schools, Scout troops, service clubs, businesses, dental offices, fraternities/sororities, etc. are encouraged to host a Smile Drive event.

A health initiative partnering with schools is a win-win because good health is necessary for effective learning (Healey & Zimmerman, 2010). Students in good health reduce absenteeism rates and increases academic achievement. Working with other health care delivery systems encourages collaboration. Community and nongovernmental organizations, such as the Boys and Girls Clubs, play a complementary role in providing health education to the public. Faith-based organizations have direct access to individuals for information and support. Faith-based organizations also have an influential role in shaping the attitudes, beliefs, knowledge, and behaviors of the public. Tapping into diverse partners and stakeholders can elevate an initiative; however, these partnerships must be beneficial for both parties (Healey & Zimmerman, 2010). An initiative may have several partnerships but may not necessarily mean they are the effective. Partners must share the same goal, distribute accountability among partners, and ensure mutual benefit.

Healey, B. J. & Zimmerman, R.S. (2010). The new world of health promotion. New program development, implementation, and evaluation.Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.

National Children’s Oral Health Foundation. (2016a). Program partners. Retrieved from /whoweare/partners/program-partners/

National Children’s Oral Health Foundation. (2016b). Smile drive. Retrieved from

Student #2
The reduction of surgical site infections can be recognized on an individual level per operating facility or on larger platforms such as county, state, national, recognition. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) provides resources for patients and health care providers. The information provided by the CDC provides comprehensive recommendations for detecting and preventing surgical site infections. These documents typically have the intent of highlighting practical recommendations that can be used to assist health care facilities in the prioritization and implementation of SSI prevention efforts (Anderson et al., 2014). Working with private marketing and promotion companies can enhance the visual presence of hand hygiene advertisement in healthcare facilities.
For example, if the CDC was to partner with an outside health marketing firm to assist in gaining the notoriety similar to that of a commercial business there may be greater recognition and compliance among physicians and patients. Catchy jingles, familiar slogans, notable mascots, product placement have assisted commercial companies in their success, similar marketing schemes can make this public health promotion of hand hygiene more visible and more greatly observed in health care. While performing hand hygiene is a widely accepted and practiced phenomenon but there are opportunities for improvement based on the number of surgical site infections each year and partnering with a marketing firm might assist in hand hygiene compliance and SSI reduction.
Anderson, D. J., Podgorny, K., Berríos-Torres, S. I., Bratzler, D. W., Dellinger, E. P., Greene, L., … & Kaye, K. S. (2014). Strategies to prevent surgical site infections in acute care hospitals: 2014 update. Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, 35(S2), S66-S88.




Sample Solution

Sample solution

Dante Alighieri played a critical role in the literature world through his poem Divine Comedy that was written in the 14th century. The poem contains Inferno, Purgatorio, and Paradiso. The Inferno is a description of the nine circles of torment that are found on the earth. It depicts the realms of the people that have gone against the spiritual values and who, instead, have chosen bestial appetite, violence, or fraud and malice. The nine circles of hell are limbo, lust, gluttony, greed and wrath. Others are heresy, violence, fraud, and treachery. The purpose of this paper is to examine the Dante’s Inferno in the perspective of its portrayal of God’s image and the justification of hell. 

In this epic poem, God is portrayed as a super being guilty of multiple weaknesses including being egotistic, unjust, and hypocritical. Dante, in this poem, depicts God as being more human than divine by challenging God’s omnipotence. Additionally, the manner in which Dante describes Hell is in full contradiction to the morals of God as written in the Bible. When god arranges Hell to flatter Himself, He commits egotism, a sin that is common among human beings (Cheney, 2016). The weakness is depicted in Limbo and on the Gate of Hell where, for instance, God sends those who do not worship Him to Hell. This implies that failure to worship Him is a sin.

God is also depicted as lacking justice in His actions thus removing the godly image. The injustice is portrayed by the manner in which the sodomites and opportunists are treated. The opportunists are subjected to banner chasing in their lives after death followed by being stung by insects and maggots. They are known to having done neither good nor bad during their lifetimes and, therefore, justice could have demanded that they be granted a neutral punishment having lived a neutral life. The sodomites are also punished unfairly by God when Brunetto Lattini is condemned to hell despite being a good leader (Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). While he commited sodomy, God chooses to ignore all the other good deeds that Brunetto did.

Finally, God is also portrayed as being hypocritical in His actions, a sin that further diminishes His godliness and makes Him more human. A case in point is when God condemns the sin of egotism and goes ahead to commit it repeatedly. Proverbs 29:23 states that “arrogance will bring your downfall, but if you are humble, you will be respected.” When Slattery condemns Dante’s human state as being weak, doubtful, and limited, he is proving God’s hypocrisy because He is also human (Verdicchio, 2015). The actions of God in Hell as portrayed by Dante are inconsistent with the Biblical literature. Both Dante and God are prone to making mistakes, something common among human beings thus making God more human.

To wrap it up, Dante portrays God is more human since He commits the same sins that humans commit: egotism, hypocrisy, and injustice. Hell is justified as being a destination for victims of the mistakes committed by God. The Hell is presented as being a totally different place as compared to what is written about it in the Bible. As a result, reading through the text gives an image of God who is prone to the very mistakes common to humans thus ripping Him off His lofty status of divine and, instead, making Him a mere human. Whether or not Dante did it intentionally is subject to debate but one thing is clear in the poem: the misconstrued notion of God is revealed to future generations.



Babor, T. F., McGovern, T., & Robaina, K. (2017). Dante’s inferno: Seven deadly sins in scientific publishing and how to avoid them. Addiction Science: A Guide for the Perplexed, 267.

Cheney, L. D. G. (2016). Illustrations for Dante’s Inferno: A Comparative Study of Sandro Botticelli, Giovanni Stradano, and Federico Zuccaro. Cultural and Religious Studies4(8), 487.

Verdicchio, M. (2015). Irony and Desire in Dante’s” Inferno” 27. Italica, 285-297.