1 Consider the following data from Luiseno. an indigenous language of southern California, once spoken in what is now Orange County. (Adapted from Langacker 1972 and Salzmann 1998). In order to answer the following questions, you’ll need to figure out some generalizations about word order and word structure on the basis of these data.
noo wukalaq’l am walking’ noo paa7iq ‘I am drinking’ noo paa?in’l will drink’ temet aami paa?ivillinin’The sun will make us want to drink’ hunwut poj wukalavluniq ‘The bear is making her want to walk’ noo paa7ivilliq’l want to drink’ wunaal paa?iq ‘She is drinking’ temet poj wukalavitfuniq’The sun is making her want to walk’
In the study of word order, a participant is a word (or phrase) that occupies some position relative to a verb. Propose a hypothesis about the order of participants relative to the verb in Luiseno. Luiseno verbs are structurally complex, in that they are words that consist of multiple components: a verb plus additional units that indicate other functions. Propose a hypothesis about the order of components within Luiseno verbs. How do you think you would say the following expressions in Luisefio? ‘She will walk’ ‘the sun is making us drink’ ‘The bear will want to drink’ What would you think the following things mean in Luiseno?
According to Honey and Mumford’s learning style questionnaire (1992) learning is seen as a continuous cycle in which a person has a learning experience, reviews the experience, concludes from that experience and plans the next step. A person’s preferences for one or more of the stages of the learning cycle translate into strengths and weaknesses of learning style. In experiential learning theory, the model of style is based on a theory of learning. The theory defines four phases in the process of learning from experience: concrete experience; reflective observation; abstract conceptualization; and active experimentation. Individual learning styles are defined by a person’s reliance on these four learning modes. (Boyatzis and Kolb, 1995) Gagne (1984) says these strategies “enable learners to choose at appropriate times the intellectual skills and declarative knowledge they will bring to bear on learning, remembering, and problem solving”. 1. VARK Introduction of VARK: The VARK stands for Visual (V), Aural (A), Read/Write (R), and Kinesthetic (K). It is a tool for learner to analyze their learning style. According to the Fleming (2009) VARK is a questionnaire that provides users with a profile of their learning preferences. It is about a learner’s preferences for taking in and giving out information in a learning context. The purpose of VARK is to help learner to think about their learning style in multiple ways. It suggests some ideas for learner to know which learning methods are suitable for them and how they can learn effectively. However, the limitation of VARK is that questionnaire does not show anything about motivation. It only contributes to improve learning. Learners only can change their study methods based on their VARK results (Fleming, 2009). My learning style result of VARK is as follows: According to my VARK result, I have got nine marks in Aural. Visual, Read/ Write as well as Kinesthetic are all in seven marks. It shows that I am a multimodal learning style. I can learn from different learning styles and it implies that I have strong in Aural area. Aural learner learns by listening who likes to be provided with aural instructions. In fact, my result of the VARK is closes match to my own learning style as I often use different learning methods under different situations. For example, I prefer attend group discussions, lecture and tutori>GET ANSWER